Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is a beautiful Mangrove forest where the river Godavari joins the backwaters from the Bay of Bengal. It is seen that the sea coast of the sanctuary is a thriving breeding ground for the famous Olive Ridley turtles. The tidal Mangrove forests are known for species like the fishing cat, fiddler crabs and black-capped kingfisher.
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary - Geographic Location
The Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Andhra Pradesh, and it also holds the status of an estuary. The sanctuary lies at a distance of 18 km from Kakinada, a unique location nestled between the deltas of Gouthami and Godavari near Kakinada Bay. The sanctuary itself forms a part of the Godavari estuary.
Flora And Fauna At Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
The Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is replete with mangrove forests and dry deciduous forests. In India, the mangrove cover of the sanctuary is the second largest. The reserve is also home to the critically endangered white-black variety of vultures and the long-billed variety of vultures. There are many varieties of birds to be found at the sanctuary.
Apart from these, small fishes, molluscs, and shrimps are also to be found here. The sanctuary is also popular for its 18 km long sandpit. Over here, the olive ridley sea turtles lay their nests between January to March each year.
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Type Of Species Found in Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
In addition, the sanctuary is also home to a variety of mangrove birds, including Crow pheasant, pied kingfisher, little egret, seagulls, Sandpiper, Reef heron, Purple heron, flamingos, Brahmini kite, openbill stork, and little cormorant.
The common mammals at the sanctuary are fishing cats, golden jackals, and smooth-coated otters. The sanctuary is also home to a variety of mudskippers and frogs.
Threats Facing The Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
At present, the sanctuary and its inhabitants are certainly at some risk due to human actions. Firstly, the sanctuary is located very close to a port city, making it easily accessible to a densely populated community. However, several studies and bird conservation networks have discovered that the fishers here are overly reliant on the mangrove forests. It is no surprise that they use the forest's resources, such as wood, and other materials, to meet their necessities.
Increased instances of hunting and destruction of animals' natural habitats are leading to the extinction of several species of animals inside the sanctuary. In particular, the increase in the pace of industrialisation, aqua farming and fishing are the prime responsible factors for the depletion of the otter population in the sanctuary. At present, the Andhra Pradesh government is taking steps to reduce the impact of such activities on the sanctuary and its inhabitants.
In recent news, it was reported that the Asian Waterbird Census of 2021 will be held at the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary and some other locations in Andhra Pradesh. Included in the census will be a wide range of birds, including rare and endangered birds and some of the more common species.
The average temperatures of the sanctuary vary between 17 to 40 degrees Celsius, and the area receives an estimated rainfall of 1000 mm.
FAQs on Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary
Q:1 Explain the importance of mangroves in the context of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is known that Mangrove forests act as a barrier against natural atrocities such as high-velocity winds, coastal storms, high tidal waves and more, which helps to protect the region and its inhabitants. At the same time, they create a productive ecosystem that helps supply essential nutrients to marine organisms such as fishes, crabs, prawns and more. They also protect the coastline against erosion and provide shelter to the wildlife.
Q:2 What are the present conservation strategies at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary?
Large scale afforestation through the assistance of the World Bank and the Ministry of Environment is one effort to save the mangrove forests. At the same time, there is an active formation of eco-development committees to aid in a participatory approach to the conservation of the region are the present conservation strategies at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
Q:3 Explain the significance of hope island in the context of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
In the context of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Hope Island is a small island located in Kakinada Bay and is a part of the sanctuary. It is known that the island is quite young, having formed only 200 years ago.
Q:4 Mention some of the significant vertebrate species found in the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
Some of the known vertebrate species found in the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary are crabs, common cobra, sea turtles, rat snakes, shrimps, Molluscs and gastropods.