Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 16, 2022, 11:49

ASEAN is known as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. It is a regional organisation founded to maintain political and social stability among Asia's post-colonial governments amid escalating tensions.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] Declaration was signed by the founding members (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) of the organisation on 8 August 1967.

The founding members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] preserved its motto as "One Vision, One Identity, One Community". The headquarters of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] is based in Jakarta, Indonesia. At present, Lim Jock Hoi is the elected Secretary-General.

Member Countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]

S. No.

Country

Capital

Joining Date

1

Philippines

Manila

8 August 1967

2

Singapore

Singapore

8 August 1967

3

Thailand

Bangkok

8 August 1967

4

Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur

8 August 1967

5

Indonesia

Jakarta

8 August 1967

6

Brunei

Bandar Seri Begawan

7 January 1984

7

Vietnam

Hanoi

28 July 1995

8

Laos

Vientiane

23 July 1997

9

Myanmar

Naypyidaw

23 July 1997

10

Cambodia

Phnom Penh

30 April 1999

Objectives of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]

Following are the objectives of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN Notes) -

  • To cultural development for a successful, peaceful Southeast Asian community and social improvement
  • To promote economic growth.
  • To promote regional peace and stability via a commitment to justice and the rule of law, as well as adherence to the United Nations Charter's standards.
  • To encourage active collaboration and mutual support in the cultural, technological, scientific, economic, social and administrative spheres on subjects of common concern.
  • To work together more effectively to maximise the use of agriculture and industry, expand commerce, enhance transportation and communications, and raise people's living standards.
  • To encourage the study of Southeast Asia.
  • Maintaining tight and mutually beneficial relationships with current international and regional organisations.

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Principles of Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]

Following are the principles of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN Notes):

  • Respect for the sovereignty, independence, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations
  • Right to pursue national interests without interference, subversion, or pressure from outside forces
  • Non-interference in one another's internal matters
  • Peaceful resolution of conflicts or disputes
  • Abstaining from the threat or use of force
  • Effective collaboration among themselves
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Contributions of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]

  • The organisation served as a forum for member countries to discuss disagreements ranging from economic to strategic and security issues.
  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] has established regional and extra-regional multilateral venues to interact with its communication partner.
  • Among them is the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] Regional Forum (ARF), the Asia-Pacific Economic Partnership (APEC), and the Annual Ministerial Meeting (AMM).
  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] has maintained strong relations with Asia's leading countries because of these multilateral endeavours.
  • It has grown in prominence in the area. It has influenced regional relations with major nations such as China, India, Japan, and the United States.
  • Beyond Southeast Asia, the contribution to regional peace, security, and prosperity extend throughout the whole Asia-Pacific area.
  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations has also proclaimed itself a nuclear-weapons-free zone.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations possesses the world's third-largest market, which is greater than the EU and North America combined. It is the world's sixth-largest economy and Asia's third-largest.

China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia, and New Zealand have all signed free-trade agreements with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN].

In 1992, India joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] as a sectoral dialogue partner. During the fifth ASEAN Summit in Bangkok in 1995, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] invited India to join the group as a full dialogue partner. In 1996, India was admitted to the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF).

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FAQs on Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]

Q1. What was the previous name of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]?

Ans. The previous name of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] was the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

Q2. When was the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] formed?

Ans. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] was formed on 8 August 1967.

Q3. Where is the headquarters of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]?

Ans. The headquarters of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] is situated in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Q4. What are the names of the ten Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] countries?

Ans. Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] is an organisation made up of 10 Southeast Asian countries: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.