Logical Reasoning for Bank Exams

By : Akash Mishra

Updated : Jul 19, 2022, 10:05

Logical Reasoning is a part of nearly all Government and Competitive Banking Exams’ syllabus like SBI Clerk, PO, IBPS Clerk, IBPS PO, IBPS RRB Clerk, PO, RBI Assistant, RBI Grade B, A NABARD Grade A & B, LIC AAO, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC CPO, RRB JE, RRB NTPC, NIACL Assistant, FCI Manager, and many others that are conducted in the country. Logical Reasoning quiz for bank exams requires critical thinking and analysis. Logical Reasoning problems in bank exams are one of the most scoring areas if prepared well.  

Logical Reasoning online test for bank exams is a part of the aptitude examinations of all the entrance exams that are conducted. Aptitude entrance exams are mostly divided into two: Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning. The Logical Reasoning section assesses the candidates on the basis of their intellect and problem-solving skills, this also reflects the logical persona of the candidates.

Important Topics in Logical Reasoning Syllabus for Bank Exams

Logical Reasoning is an aptitude-based subject that examines the analytical and problem-solving skills of the candidates. The subject is divided into two categories: Verbal Reasoning and Non-Verbal Reasoning. 

The topics are classified based on the two divisions mentioned above. You need to practice immensely for these topics as this will enable you to succeed in the exam and establish the foundations and fundamentals. The complete knowledge of Logical Reasoning for bank exam will enhance your degree of probability of accomplishing your desired dreams. The apt and accurate cognizance of the exam will lead the candidates towards excellence.

The following are the important topics that are included in the Logical Reasoning syllabus for bank exams like SBI Clerk, IBPS Clerk, NABARD Grade A & B, RBI Grade A & B, etc. that the aspirants need to prepare for:

  • Artificial Language
  • Alphanumeric Series
  • Coding and Decoding
  • Figure Matrix
  • Puzzles
  • Seating Arrangement
  • Decision Making
  • Input and Output
  • Syllogism
  • Logical Series 
  • Ranking
  • Statement and Assumption
  • Reasoning Tricks

Tips to Solve Logical Reasoning Problems in Bank Exams

The candidates must be aware of and well conversant with all the tips and tricks to solve the questions. You must solve the previous year papers and mock tests to identify the gap areas and focus on them to enhance the preparation strategy. To help aspirants gauge and solve problems faster, here are some Logical Reasoning tricks for bank exams that can be useful in many competitive exams: 

  • Try to solve the simple and least time-consuming problems first. The topics in Logical Reasoning that are less time-consuming are analogy, alphabet series, directions, odd pair, number series, etc. So, one must try to take up problems from such topics in the beginning.
  • Candidates must try to approach the topics in which they can score above the overall cutoffs. This section includes topics like data sufficiency, blood relations, coding and decoding, inequalities, syllogisms, etc. 
  • The questions that should be taken up last are the complex and time-consuming ones. Topics like input and output machine, puzzles, seating arrangements, etc., come under this category. Nearly 10-15 questions are asked from such topics. They must be approached with a time management plan at the end. 

Importance of Logical Reasoning Topics for Bank Exams in Competitive Banking Exams

The Reasoning topics for the bank exams and the competitive exam bring forth a plethora of benefits for the candidates and drive them towards accomplishing the desired result and aspired job profile. You must grasp the concepts of Reasoning Ability and the alternative quicker methods to solve the questions in order to get succeeded in the recruitment process.

  • Logical Reasoning helps in determining the analytical and decision-making abilities of the candidates. 
  • It is essential to understand the presence of mind of the aspirants. 
  • It helps in examining the logic level and pace of the problem-solving skills of the candidates. 
  • Evaluation of candidates is not always completely possible on the basis of theoretical and technical subjects. Logical Reasoning helps in determining the overall calibre of the aspirant. 

Most Recommended Books for Logical Reasoning Questions

The candidates must pick efficient and comprehensive books for framing a righteous preparatory module. These books are suggested and recommended by the experts and must be picked by the candidates for a better understanding. Complete knowledge is possessed by these numerous books that lead the candidates in accomplishing success. The following books can be referred to prepare for Logical Reasoning:

Name of the Book


Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning

Dr. R. S. Agrawal

A New Approach to Reasoning

B. S. Sijwali and S. Sijwali Arihant

Multi-Dimensional Reasoning

Mishra & Kumar Dr Lal

Reasoning Book for Competitive Examinations


Why Prepare for Logical Reasoning From BYJU'S Exam Prep?

There are many guides, notes, and books available online and offline to prepare for Logical Reasoning, but BYJU'S Exam Prep provides a detailed summary of revision notes that can help in last-minute preparations for the exams. Logical Reasoning formulas for bank exams along with tips, tricks, and hacks are provided by BYJU'S Exam Prep. One can find Logical Reasoning questions and answers pdf for bank exams for practice on BYJU'S Exam Prep. BYJU'S Exam Prep provides an adequate amount of problems to practice for nearly every competitive exam like IBPS Clerk, SSC CGL, SBI PO, SBI Clerk, etc. One can find preparation strategies, mock quizzes, and online tests on BYJU'S Exam Prep for Logical Reasoning. Studying from BYJU'S Exam Prep, a candidate can make better Logical Reasoning notes for bank exams.

Aspirants must resolve to solve question papers and appear for mock exams before the final exams. The topics of this subject cannot be memorized. They can only be prepared thoroughly by practicing. Thus, candidates should take advantage of all the guides and tests available online. This will help in enhancing their speed as well as the confidence to appear for the final exam.    


How can I prepare for Logical Reasoning?

Logical Reasoning can be prepared by daily problem-solving and mock tests. One can also refer to tips and strategies to prepare online. You must grasp the fundamentals and core concepts in order to frame an effective preparation strategy and module. You must learn alternatives to solve the questions in order to get succeeded in the recruitment drive.

How can I score in reasoning?

One can score by managing time properly and planning for every question. The questions that are less time-consuming must be attempted first. You can enhance your preparatory module by practicing more questions on all the topics and getting ahead in the selection process. You need to formulate an apt plan of action and vision for solving the questions.

How can I improve my speed in reasoning?

Speed can be enhanced by solving question papers and appearing for mock exams. The more you practice the previous year papers and mocks the better you will be in enhancing your speed and accuracy while solving questions. Also, find out other alternatives for solving questions to be able to solve them in minimum time.

How can I improve my logical thinking?

One can improve logical thinking by practicing reasoning, socializing, engaging in a creative hobby, etc. You must practice the previous year's papers and mock tests in order to get enhance your logical thinking skills and solve the questions in the exam with accuracy.

Why is Logical Reasoning important?

Logical Reasoning is important to test the logic level and analytical abilities of the aspirants. You can get the complete details of Logical Reasoning to be able to enhance the preparation strategy and move ahead in the selection process. Logical Reasoning is an essential segment for bank exams and other competitive exams and will assist in improving the scores and performance in the exam.

What are the most preferred books for Logical Reasoning?

The candidates must pick authentic, comprehensive, and reliable books for learning the concepts of Logical Reasoning to be able to score well in the exam. You can pick the books Verbal and Non-verbal Reasoning by Dr. R.S Aggarwal, A new approach to reasoning by B. S. Sijwali, and S. Sijwali Arihant, Multi-Dimensional Reasoning by B. S. Sijwali and S. Sijwali Arihant, Reasoning Books for Competitive Exam by Pearson.

What are the important topics in the Reasoning Ability syllabus for Bank exams?

The candidates must get complete knowledge of the Reasoning Ability syllabus to be able to get ahead in the selection process. The essential topics for the bank exams are Artificial Language, Alphanumeric Series, Coding and Decoding, Figure Matrix, Puzzles, Seating Arrangement, Decision Making, Input and Output, Syllogism, Logical Series, Ranking, Statement and Assumption, Reasoning Tricks etc.