Computer Fundamentals and Terminologies for Bank Exams

By : Akash Mishra

Updated : Oct 16, 2020, 16:51

The present world is an era of information. Every data counts. Every piece of data is valuable. The accessibility to data is possible with the help of a computer. Gone are the times when offices were filled with junks of paper and hard materials. Now a workplace is an automated system run platform that ensures ease of access to data from anywhere at the snap of fingers.

In many competitive exams, the computer is a section. Awareness of certain computer programmings can be an added advantage in helping you fetch the job. But this being a very diverse topic, you might be a bit confused about which area to focus upon to crack the test. So we will be looking upon the fundamentals of computer knowledge required for passing a bank job. This topic is followed by different testing agencies for examinations like IBPS Clerk, PO, LIC AAO, RBI Grade A, B, IBPS RRB Clerk, NABARD Grade A & B, SBI Clerk, etc.

Computer Fundamentals Topics for Bank Exams

The most commonly appearing questions in any bank exams under the head computer are as follows:

Evolution of Computer

Our core area of discussion is computer Fundamentals/Terminology. The fundamental building blocks start with the history and development of computers. The world’s first computer was built in the year 1822 by a great mathematician, Charles Babbage. It was primarily used as a calculating device. With innovation budding up, there developed five generations of computers:

Computer Generations


First Generation

Huge in size

Incapable of multitasking

Used Binary language for data processing

Vacuum tubes were used as memory component

Second Generation


Programming words were used instead of binary language


Less power consuming

Third Generation

Integrated Circuits

Devices were used for input/output processes

Multi-tasking was possible

Computer performance speed was increased

Fourth Generation

First Microprocessor invented by Intel in 1971

New versions of computers such as laptops, emerged

Overall speed and memory enhanced

Graphical user Interface developed

Fifth Generation

Artificial Intelligence is widely established on all devices

Portable devices

Easy to use

Types of Computers

  • Super Computers-Used for computation of complex data in scientific works.
  • Mainframe Computer-Used in organisations where a large number of people are connected to the main server database.
  • Workstation- Single user system
  • Microcomputer-Designed for personal use.

Other Basic Terminologies

  • Bit-Smallest unit of information stored in the computer.
  • Boot-The process of loading the computer when it is switched on.
  • Database-A space for a large set of stored data.
  • Hard Drive-A built-in device which reads and writes data to and from the computer.
  • Hardware- Physically visible units of computers like CPU, Monitor, keyboard, etc.
  • IP Address-Unique device address of each computer.
  • Operating System-It is the software built in the computer that communicates with the hardware to effectively carry out different functions.
  • RAM-Temporary storage that is used for a single time.
  • ROM-Permanent mode of storage in computer memory.
  • Software-The application or a program that allows the computer to perform specific tasks.
  • Virus- A purposefully created computer program to hack or destroy data.

Data Storage Measurement

1 byte=8 bit

1 kilobyte=1024 byte

1 megabyte=1024 kilobyte

1 gigabyte=1024 megabyte

1 terabyte= 1024 gigabyte

1 petabyte= 1024 terabyte

Computer Fundamentals Tricks for Bank Exams


  • Firstly get an overview of Computer Fundamentals syllabus for bank exams.


  • With the help of notes, understand and learn basic concepts and revise them occasionally.
  • Test your knowledge with frequent online mock tests.
  • Identify your area of weakness and work on it.
  • Look into previous five years’ question papers to understand patterns of questions asked.

Importance Of Computer Fundamentals in Bank Exams


  • It is one of the essential skills set that a candidate is expected to posses if applying for a job that requires knowledge and usage of computers.


  • It signifies the ability to perform the tasks effectively and efficiently.
  • It shows how much you are up to date with the growing technical changes.
  • Let you stand out from the crowd of other applicants if you can score well in basic computer fundamentals. Firms are in high demand for technically packed candidates which reduce their effort and cost.

Recommended Books for Computer Fundamentals 

The below listed are some of the books which help you to access computer fundamentals notes for bank exams. Over the pages of these suggested reading, you can come across numerous computer fundamental quiz for bank exams.

  • ‘Computer Awareness for General Competitive Exams’ by Soumya Ranjan Behera
  • ‘Computer Awareness’ by N K Gupta
  • ‘Computer Knowledge for Competitive Exams’ by Dr P.K.Pandey and Ms Shreya Pandey
  • Objective Computer Awareness’ by Arihant Experts

Sample Computer Fundamentals Question And Answers Bank Exam

Which of these was introduced in the third generation of computer:

  • Transistors
  • Vacuum Tubes
  • Microprocessors
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Integrated Circuit

Ans-Integrated Circuits

Which out of the following is a permanent mode of memory storage?

  • ROM
  • RAM
  • Bits
  • Hardware


Which among the following computers is used for the calculation of complex data?

  • Microcomputers
  • Super-computers
  • Workstation
  • Mainframe Computer


What is the smallest unit of memory storage?

  • Byte
  • Bit
  • Kilobyte
  • Petabyte

Ans- Bit

Why Prepare Computer Fundamentals with BYJU'S Exam Prep?

BYJU'S Exam Prep is an online exam preparation platform which helps you get ready for the competitive examination. We cover all examinations. Our resources like video tutorials, quiz sessions, previous year question papers and additional courses are an added advantage which comes in a single briefcase. Computer Fundamentals Online test for bank exams is available on our website. You can now study from the comfort of your home with BYJU'S Exam Prep. Invest your money and time efficiently with us. So what are you waiting for? Register with us today itself!

We have thus neared the end of the discussion on computer fundamentals. We hope this information was really useful for brushing up your knowledge from the context of preparation for competitive exams. A few Frequently Added Questions are mentioned below, which you can go through.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to prepare on the topic of computer fundamentals for the bank exam?

Firstly understand the syllabus and the topics covered. Cover up notes based on the syllabus and take time to do revision periodically.

What is computer awareness requisite for a bank job?

Proficiency in MS-Office tools is a minimum requisite. At the same time, possession of additional certificate courses in the field of computers can be an added advantage.

How can I excel in computer fundamentals?

By taking a mock test, you can identify where you went wrong and fix it.

What is the mark distribution for computer fundamentals in the IBPS exam?

Although you will not confront computer-based questions in the prelims, around 30-45 questions may be asked from this main exam topic.