What are the Types of Migration?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Types of Migration include internal migration, external migration, emigration, immigration, return migration, and seasonal migration. Migration is the movement of people from one place to another. There are many reasons for migration, such as a better environment, better job opportunities, better food supply, lack of natural resources, displacement by natural calamities, state of the economy, etc.

What is Migration?

The movement of people from one place to another place in search of work, to join family, economic opportunities, to study, etc., is referred to as migration. Movement is often over long distances and from one country to another (external migration), but internal migration (within a country) is also possible; In fact, it is the dominant form of human migration globally.

Types of Migration

Below we have mentioned the types of migration and what they mean:

  • Internal Migration: moving within a state, continent, or country.
  • External Migration: moving to a different state, continent, or country
  • Emigration: leaving one place to move to another place
  • Return Migration: moving back to a place that someone left
  • Immigration: when someone moves to a new place
  • Seasonal migration: when someone moves to a new place with each season or in response to climate conditions or labor.

The persons who move from their homes due to forced displacement are referred to as displaced migrants. If they live in their home country, they are internally displaced persons. A person who seeks asylum in another country because of political, religious, or any other reason, can submit a formal application in the country where asylum is sought and will then normally be referred to the asylum seeker. The legal status of a person becomes a refugee if this application is accepted.

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