Delhi Durbar 1911 – History of 3rd Delhi Durbar

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Durbar of 1911, better known as the Delhi Durbar 1911, was a historic coronation held at Delhi’s Coronation Park by the then-British government to celebrate the succession of King George V in an Indian Imperial style. Although the Delhi Durbar – which translates to “court of Delhi” – was held three times in 1877, 1903, and 1911, the most famous is the Delhi Durbar 1911. The history and significance of the Delhi Durbar 1911 can be traced back to the origin of British Rule in India, which is located in the displacement of the existing rulers.

UPSC aspirants must know that Delhi Durbar 1911 is one of the important history topics from the UPSC Exam perspective. To help out the aspirants we have prepared this article covering all the facts and information related to Delhi Durbar 1911.

What is Delhi Durbar 1911?

Delhi Durbar 1911 is also known as Imperial Durbar. Delhi Durbar means Court of Delhi, and it was a mass assembly organized in Delhi by the British. Delhi Durbar 1911 marks the succession of King George V and Queen Mary as Emperor and Empress of India.. The Delhi Durbar 1911 was the last Delhi Durbar, and previously it was held in 1877 and 1903. Delhi Durbar 1911 lasted for 9 days, and all the noblemen and powerful people of that time attended it personally

Delhi Durbar 1911 Notes

History of Delhi Durbar 1911

  • The Delhi Durbar was held three times in Delhi, the former capital of the Mughals. The first one was in 1877, followed by the one in 1903, and the last one was Delhi Durbar 1911, as a visual representation of British imperial control.
  • The crowd assembled before royalty and the hall where they gathered was both referred to during the Mughal era as “darbar.” When used in British culture, the phrase referred to a major public event that brought colonizers and colonized peoples together under the patronage of the British monarch.
  • The formal declaration of Queen Victoria as the Empress of India or ‘Qaisar-i-Hind’ was the main goal of the Delhi Durbar in 1877.
  • The famous Delhi Durbar 1911 was organized by the then British government in India to celebrate and commemorate the historic coronation of King George V and Queen Mary, which was held in London in June 1911.

The Timeline and Important Facts of Delhi Durbar

Knowing the events’ chronological order will help you better understand the material in the UPSC syllabus:

  • The Delhi Durbar 1911 was scheduled on March 22, 1911, in honor of the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary of Teck as the new Emperor and Empress of India, according to a royal decree.
  • Every prince, nobleman, and other notable people at the time visited this Delhi Durbar 1911 to personally celebrate the occasion and congratulate the new rulers of India since it was so grand. Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge ensured that he made special arrangements for all of these people during the Delhi Durbar in 1911.
  • The Delhi Durbar 1911, which took place from December 7 to December 16, spanned nine days, with the main ceremony being on December 12. At the ceremony, the King and Queen entered wearing their coronation robes. The imperial Crown of India, which was adorned in different jewels, was worn by the emperor King George V. At the shamiana’s ceremonial tent, the native prince and princesses paid the royal couple tribute.
  • The King and Queen of India appeared at the Red Fort’s window the following day, on December 13, to meet the more than 500,000 people who had congregated there to show their respect for them.
  • The monarch George V commanded a parade on December 14th that included more than 50,000 military personnel on Delhi Durbar 1911.
  • Finally, 26,800 Indian and British servicemen who took part in the Durbar’s events received silver medals on the event’s last day.
  • Numerous Indian princely kings and other highly ranked government officials also received 200 more gold medals during Delhi Durbar 1911,

Controversy at the Delhi Durbar 1911

Among the numerous kings from the Indian princely states invited to the Royal Coronation was Maharaja Sayajirao III, the Gaekwad of Baroda. He went against the rules and arrived at the coronation wearing his stately jewelry and left the coronation spot showing his back after a simple bow to the newly coronated Emperor and Empress. During that time, the Gaekwad of Baroda’s actions were considered as his apathy towards British rule.

Delhi Durbar 1911 UPSC

Delhi Durbar 1911 is an important part of Indian History and its relevance can be found in the UPSC Syllabus. It makes it an important topic from the UPSC Exam perspective and candidates must go through all the information related to it. Apart from the Delhi Durbar 1911, notes candidates can refer to the UPSC Books for more information on this particular topic.

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