Tiger Reserves in India (53 Tiger Reserves in 2022), Complete List

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 16th, 2022

As per the news, there are 53 tiger reserves in India, with Guru Ghasidas National Park of Chhattisgarh being the 53rd Tiger Reserve In India as of 2022. The reserves were initially established in 1973-74 and are governed by Project Tiger, working under the administration of the National Tiger Conservation Authority.

Tiger reserves in India were introduced to save tigers as they were supposed to come under an endangered species, according to the IUCN Red Data book. Tiger reserves in India topic finds its relevance under the environment and ecology sections of the IAS Syllabus. Read complete information on tiger reserves in India, the largest tiger reserves in India, how many tiger reserves there are in India in 2022, and more.

Table of Content

Which is the new Tiger Reserve in India?

A new tiger reserve, presumably the 4th in the area, covering an area of 1,440 sq km, has come up in the northern province of Madhya Pradesh.

  • The forest was created by carving out the core areas of two protected areas - Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary to create the largest contiguous protected area in Central India.
  • Tiger corridors are being saved and conserved under this mega project.
  • It will be part of the famous Madhya Pradesh corridor which passes through the national park and the wildlife sanctuary and forms a vital part of the tiger dispersal route.

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History of Indian Tiger

Let's take a look at some facts about the Indian Tigers below.

  • In the wild, Tigers are currently found in Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Sumatra, Vietnam, Nepal, China, Russia, India, Bhutan, and Malaysia.
  • The Indian/Bengal tiger is found mainly in Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh.
  • Habitat: Tigers are found in equatorial and sub-tropical woods, mangrove swamps, evergreen forests, and grasslands.
  • The tigers have been reported in temperate forests of the Himalayas as well.
  • IUCN status: Endangered
  • WPA Status: Tigers are listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Appendix I.

The New tiger reserve in India

The project aims to protect the tigers from poaching, traffic, and habitat loss by creating contiguous forest patches. The region is around 100 km from the previously existing tiger reserves, Indravati, Achanakumar, and Udanti-Sitanadi.

  • The state government of Madhya Pradesh has been working on creating this new national park since 2011.
  • Now that it's finally completed, the decision has been met with much praise from wildlife conservationists and environmentalists who say it will help protect and preserve some of the world's most endangered species, including tigers and leopards.
  • Tiger experts consider this new reserve a pioneering effort to save tigers from extinction.

Significance of Tiger Reserves in India

The new tiger reserves in India are a dream come true for conservationists. As a result, there has been an increase in the geographical area covered by the natural habitats of tigers.

  • The largest tiger reserve in India is Nagarjunsagar, commonly known as Srisailam, in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The Indian government has set up a new tiger reserve in Chhattisgarh to protect this national asset further and boost numbers.
  • After all, a tiger reserve is not only about tigers.
  • It is about creating an ecosystem that supports flora and fauna.
  • This corridor will provide an assured prey base for predators like tigers, leopards, and panthers in the core area.
  • It will also facilitate the exchange of gene pools between different populations of wild cats and create territorial linkage between two isolated tiger populations in central India.
  • For years, the new reserve's size and quality and the commitment to maintaining it as a protected area give hope that tigers will continue to share our forests.

List of Tiger Reserves in India [53 Tiger Reserves in 2022]

Let's take a look at the Tiger Reserves present in the state of India.

State

Tiger Reserves in India State Wise

Andhra Pradesh

Nagarjunsagar Srisailam

Arunachal Pradesh

Namdapha National Park

Kamlang Tiger Reserve

Pakke Tiger Reserve

Assam

Manas Tiger Reserve

Nameri National Park

Orang Tiger Reserve

Kaziranga National Park

Bihar

Valmiki National Park

Chhattisgarh

Udanti-Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary

Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary

Indravati Tiger Reserve

Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary

Jharkhand

Palamau Tiger Reserve

Karnataka

Nagarahole National Park

Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Tiger reserve

Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary

Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve

Bandipur Tiger Reserve

Kerala

Parambikulam Tiger reserve

Periyar Tiger reserve

Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh Tiger reserve

Pench Tiger reserve

Sanjay-Dubri Tiger reserve

Kanha Tiger reserve

Panna Tiger reserve

Satpura Tiger reserve

Maharashtra

Nagzira Tiger Reserve

Melghat Tiger reserve

Pench Tiger Reserve

Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve

Bor Tiger Reserve

Sahyadri Tiger Reserve

Mizoram

Dampa Tiger Reserve

Odisha

Satkosia Tiger Reserve

Similipal Tiger Reserve

Rajasthan

Ranthambore Tiger Reserve

Sariska Tiger Reserve

Mukandra Hills Tiger Reserve

Ramgarh Vishdhari

Tamil Nadu

Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve

Anamalai Tiger Reserve

Srivilliputhur - Megamalai

Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

Telangana

Kawal Tiger Reserve

Amrabad Tiger Reserve

Uttar Pradesh

Amangarh Tiger Reserve

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve

Dudhwa Tiger Reserve

Uttarakhand

Jim Corbett National Park

Rajaji Tiger Reserve

West Bengal

Sunderban National Park

Buxa Tiger Reserve

Critical Facts about Tiger Reserves in India

  • As per the Tiger Census Report, 2019, the Tiger population has significantly increased from 2,226 in 2014 to around 2,967 in 2019.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers at 526, followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).
  • Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand has the most Tigers in India, followed by Nagarhole and Bandipur in Karnataka, Bandhavgarh in (Madhya Pradesh) and Kaziranga in Assam.

Tiger Reserves in India 2022 - Additional Schemes

Project Tiger:

  • Project Tiger was launched on the 1st of April 1973 to promote the conservation of Tigers in India.
  • It is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme that provides funds to help the 'tiger range States' for in-situ conservation of tigers in the chosen tiger reserves.
  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority administers the Project Tiger (NTCA)
  • The Project aims to promote an exclusive tiger agenda in the core areas of famous tiger reserves in India, with inclusive people participation.

Tiger Census:

  • Since 2006, the Indian government has been conducting Tiger Census every four years, led by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) and the Wildlife Institute of India (WII), with cooperation from various state forest departments and conservation NGOs.

M-STrIPES:

  • Monitoring System for Tigers – Intensive Protection and Ecological Status, a software-based monitoring system, was launched across Indian tiger reserves in 2010.
  • Its objective is to strengthen patrolling and surveillance of the endangered Bengal tiger.
  • CITES, or The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna, has been approved by over 160 nations, making global trade in tiger body parts illegal.
  • India has been a signatory of this convention since the year 1975.

St. Petersburg Declaration on Tiger Conservation:

  • At the Petersburg Tiger Summit in 2010, leaders of 13 tiger range countries, including India, resolved to take all necessary measures to conserve Tigers globally and embarked on efforts to double their number in the wild.
  • The slogan for this initiative was decided as 'TX2'.
  • The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve and Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve have won the TX2 award after their Tiger numbers doubled since 2010.

Threats to Tiger Reserves in India

  • Poaching is still among the significant challenges for the conservation of Tigers.
  • Every part of the tiger has great market value, thus promoting hunting by professional poachers, local hunters, trappers, pirates, and villagers.
  • Climate change and global warming increasing global temperatures have forced tigers and other species to shift their belts and migrate towards colder regions.
  • Natural disasters such as large-scale forest fires are a great threat.
  • Human encroachment of tiger habitats for livestock grazing, infrastructure expansion, and farming is a cause of concern.
  • Infrastructural development such as railways and roadways severely threaten Tiger habitats.
Other Important UPSC Notes
Essential Commodities Act 1955SATAT Initiative
Horizontal and Vertical ReservationCAMPA Act
Sanyasi RevoltSattriya Dance of Assam

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FAQs on Tiger Reserves in India

  • There are 53 Tiger reserves in India; Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary of Chhattisgarh are declared the 53rd Tiger reserve.

  • The largest tiger reserve in India is in Andhra Pradesh, the Nagarjunsagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve.

  • India's 53rd tiger reserve India will be in Chhattisgarh.

  • Regarding wildlife preservation, the Asiatic cheetah was last spotted in the new tiger reserve in India, covering the Guru Ghasidas National Park Area.

  • Srivilliputhur Megamalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu is the 51st Tiger reserve in India.

  • Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan is the 52nd Tiger reserve in India.

  • Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, located in Maharashtra, is the smallest such reserve in the country.

  • Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra have 6 Tiger reserves each making them the states with the highest number of Tiger reserves in India.

  • There is a total of 53 tiger reserves in India with the latest addition of Guru Ghasidas National Park of Chhattisgarh.

  • The latest tiger reserve in India is Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary, with a total area of 466.67 square kilometers.

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