National Commission for Protection of Child Rights - NCPCR Full Form, Role, NCPCR UPSC Questions

By K Balaji|Updated : October 29th, 2022

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is a judicial body founded in 2007 under Parliament's Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005. The national commission for protection of child rights has found irregularities in the running of the two Delhi-based NGOs, which are alleged to have disobeyed the various provisions of the Juvenile Justice Act (JJ Act) as of January 2021.

In October 2020, the supreme court recently asked the National Commission For Protection of Child Rights [NCPCR] to raise feedback over its appeal to eight Indian states to have juveniles in care homes before the regional child welfare councils for rapid rehabilitation with their families. This article will explain everything about the national commission for protection of child rights, its roles, and its significance in consideration of child rights in the nation.

Table of Content

What is NCPCR Full Form?

The National Commission for protection of child rights is the NCPCR full form. It is a body that serves to achieve a child-centric method for all regulations, programs, guidelines, and executive agents in India. NCPCR operates under the Ministry of Women & Child Development of the Central Government.

Role of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights

It aims to ensure that all rules in India align with children's rights as emphasized by the Constitution and the UN Convention on Child Rights. A child is someone between 0 and 18 years old. It concentrates on kids that belong to the most helpless divisions of the community.

NCPCR UPSC PDF

National Commission for Protection of Child Rights recognizes the absoluteness and inviolability of child rights. The commission perceives every child's rights as equal and important and, therefore, does not differentiate rights as per their importance.

Composition of NCPCR

The Government has constituted the national commission for the protection of child rights as an act of the Indian Parliament. Hence, it is a statutory organization comprising the following NCPCR members:

NCPCR Chairman:

National Child Rights Commission Chairman is an individual of superiority having an illustrious history of employment in the welfare of the child. The list of Chairpersons of NCPCR is as listed below-

  • Shanta Sinha - (2007–2013)
  • Kushal Singh (2013–14)
  • Stuti Narain Kacker (2015–2018)
  • Priyank Kanoongo (2018–Urgent) 2021

NCPCR Members:

There are six members of the national commission for protection of child rights, and it must have atleast two women associates. The members of NCPCR should hold experience in the following occupations:

  • Child health, interest, care, or growth
  • Juvenile fairness or supervision of marginalized or overlooked kids with impairment
  • Education
  • Regulations relating to children
  • Abolishing child labor or youths in misery
  • Child sociology or psychology

Functions of NCPCR

The Act that comprised the national commission protection of child rights laid down its operations and critical tasks, which are listed below:

  • NCPCR examines cases of violation of child rights and triggers proceedings.
  • They are responsible for conducting research in the domain of child rights.
  • Start questioning after receiving detailed complaints from minors or their close ones.
  • Support children's rights and encourage the view by organizing conferences, mass campaigns, etc.
  • Promote amalgamation of child rights even in schools by instructing and motivating teachers.
  • Accountable for sending reports to the Central Government about functioning regulations in this field when required.
  • Consider and inspect the safeguards offered for preserving child rights in India under existing laws and guiding standards for their efficient implementation.
  • Study recent children's rights policies, protect them by analyzing treaties and global agencies, and propose modifications when necessary.

The National Commission for protection of child rights must study the aspects that stop children from enjoying children's rights so that they can offer therapeutic measures for them. The following can impact the rights of children:

Collaborative violence

Riots

Terrorism

HIV/AIDS

Natural casualties

Trafficking

Maltreatment

Exploitation and Abuse

Prostitution and pornography

An urge for remedial measures after enquiring about children's needs for special consideration and protection is initiated in case of

  • Minors in disagreement with the rule
  • Marginalized and underprivileged children
  • Convicts children
  • Juveniles who do not have any family.

Provisional Acts Under National Commission for Protection of Child Rights

NCPCR possesses duties of the two additional acts, which include the Right to Education Act, 2009, and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences, POCSO Act, 2012.

Right to Education Act, 2009:

  • Examines complaints regarding the right to no cost and mandatory education for children.
  • Investigate and check the protection of child's rights under the RTE act and suggest useful measures for its execution.

Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012:

  • Monitors the enactment of the POCSO Act.
  • Compulsorily observe the selection of Public Prosecutors by the Government of the State.
  • Scrutinizes the designation of Special Courts by State Governances.

NCPCR for UPSC Exam

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights is an important topic of the UPSC syllabus. It comes under the section of social justice and polity. Questions can be put up from this part in Paper 3 of General Studies 2 under UPSC Main exam. Candidates must understand the composition, functions, and role of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights UPSC section to score good marks.

Important Notes for UPSC
Difference Between Hinayana and MahayanaDe Facto Vs De Jure
Indian Independence DaySufi Movement
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award WinnersReservation in UPSC

Comments

write a comment

FAQs on National Commission for Protection of Child Rights

  • The NCPCR expands to be the National Commission for protection of Child Rights. It aims to achieve a child-catering approach. It is implemented under the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The objective of the NCPCR is to cater to the needs of the children of the underprivileged and helpless divisions of society. It also takes into consideration that all other rules align with the rights of the children.

  • 'भविष्यो रक्षति रक्षित:' was the new motto of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights that encourages us to protect the future of our children launched by Smt Irani. It is because welfare lies the foundation of a strong nation. The National Commission of Rights comprises six members, among which at least two should be women associates and there is an NCPCR chairman.

  • The full form of NCPCR is the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights. It is an Indian statutory body founded by the Parliament Act, the Commission for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005. The NCPCR focuses on the rights of children and catering to the needs of underprivileged children.

  • The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 makes it mandatory to provide admission, attendance, and completion of elementary schooling for all youths from the age of six to fourteen years on the part of the government.

  • The NCPCR chairman is selected on the advice of a three-member Selection Committee comprised by the Central Government under the Chairmanship of the Minister-in-charge of the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

  • The Commission comprises a Chairperson and six Members and has been maintaining its actions since 2009. The members must have a minimum of two women members. The selection of the NCPCR chairman is based on the advice of the three-member selection committee.

  • Priyank Kanoongo is the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights chairperson. The Commission became active on 5 March 2007 and worked under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, GoI.

  • Under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, the NCPCR has to:

    • Research complaints regarding children's rights concerning free and mandatory education.
    • Evaluate and inspect the protection this Act provides for the protection of child rights and recommend actions for their useful implementation.

Featured Articles

Follow us for latest updates