What Are Vedas?
The Vedas comprise the spiritual texts which frame the core of the literature in ancient Hinduism. They are honored to be the most sacred of the Hindu principles. The word 'Veda' finds is present in the Sanskrit language, where it denotes the meaning of "knowledge conveyed". The Vedas furnish sacred and pivotal information pertaining to the fundamental of life and one's reaction toward it. The Vedas are considered to be the most ancient text.
Vedas are also quoted as scriptures since these are an assemblage of the sacred texts pertaining to the essence of the Divine. It marks its distinction from other religious scriptures it does not focus on the thoughts of a certain individual at a given moment. In reality, it has always traced its existence and in due course was located by sages.
The Vedas first located its existence as a tradition of passing down orally to the disciples. It was passed by the teachers to their pupils for a long period. The disciples were mandates to attain the knowledge of the words and pronounce them right so that they could be passed without failing. Gradually, the pupils learn to pen down the words on the physical platform and hence led to the perseverance of the vedas.
What Are Upanishads?
The Upanishads are scriptures that examine and establish the fundamentals of Hinduism, in particular its ontological ideas. The primary reading material is a series of conversations between teachers, or seers, and their pupils. These meetings take place while the teacher is seated next to the pupil ( hence the appropriate name given to these texts- Upa - ni- shad = sit down closer) and proceeds to explain how both the external universe, which is perceived as illusionary, works as well as describing how an individual should seek to dissolve their bondage with it and achieve liberation from earthly physicality by achieving spiritual enlightenment.
How Many Upanishads Are There?
Upanishads concern majorly on spiritual insights. Approximately 200 Upanishads have been discovered. Each Upanishad traces an association with a Veda. 14 Upanishads are the most renowned such as Kena, Isa, Katha, Mundaka, Prasna, Chhandogya, Taittiriya, Brihadaranyaka, Mandukya, Aitareya, Kaushitaki, Svetasvatara, Maitrayani.
Difference Between Vedas and Upanishads
Vedas are actually composed of the oldest sacred texts found in India. Composed during a different period than the Upanishads, the Vedas also had a different purpose than that of Upanishads. The main difference between the Vedas and Upanishads is that the former is concerned mainly with intellectual thoughts, social customs, and religious practices while the latter aims to entice audiences to focus on their inner selves in order to obtain enlightenment. Also, the Vedas were penned down between 1200 - 400 B.C.E., whereas the Upanishads were penned between 700 - 400 B.C.E. The difference between Vedas and Upanishads can be viewed in the table below:
Upanishads Vs Vedas
The Vedas were written between the years 1200 - 400 B.C.E.
Between 700 - 400 B.C.E., the Upanishads were written.
In Sanskrit, Vedas implies "knowledge."
Upanishads refer to being near the teacher's feet.
The Vedas concentrated on ritual aspects, interpretations, and traditions.
The Upanishads were concerned with spiritual insight.
There are four Vedas:
There are around 200 Upanishads have been unearthed. Each Upanishad is linked to a different Veda. The Upanishads are divided into 14 sections, that is the most well-known:
In their physical shape, the Vedas differ from one another.
The Upanishads are quite a subsection of Veda that can be found in the last portion of Veda.
The Vedas are divided into four primary text types: Samhitas, Aranyakas, Brahmanas, and Upanishads.
Upanishads are one of the four primary Vedic literature genres. The Upanishads are philosophical and spiritual literature. Upanishads arose from each section of the Vedas. The Upanishads are concerned with the philosophical elements of existence.
The Vedas are texts which offer knowledge about the existence of the divine, and how humans should respond to the divine. The word adheres directly to a Sanskrit root, Veda - “to know”.
The Upanishads are philosophical texts that serve as a primary resource of information about Hinduism. The name "Upanishad" is derived from a Sanskrit word that means “sit down close” which emphasizes that the students must sit in close proximity to their teacher and listen carefully as he recites important teachings.