Difference Between Censure Motion and No Confidence Motion

By Trisha Tewari|Updated : January 10th, 2023

The prime difference between censure motion and no confidence motion is that there is a mandate of a specific reason for passing the censure motion, while for no confidence motion no such specific reason is required. In a parliamentary system, censure and no-confidence motions are used to showcase the lack of competence of the ruling government. Both are protocols utilized by the Parliament to act according to the regulations of the house.

Difference Between Censure Motion and No Confidence Motion PDF

A striking contrast between censure motion vs no confidence motion is that the former can be against a Minister, council of ministers, while the latter is against a council of Ministers. Walk through this article to get complete details of both motions. The censure motion needs to be passed in look Sabha and State Assembly. This article will provide all the details to make you conversant with the difference between censure motion and no confidence motion.

Table of Content

Difference Between Censure Motion and No Confidence Motion

The major difference between no confidence motion and censure motion is that in a censure motion the ministry needs not to resign, while in a no confidence motion, the entire ministry will have to leave and resign.

This table presents the complete information on the censure motion and other pertinent centering. Check here the difference between censure motion and no confidence motion.

Censure Motion vs No Confidence Motion

Difference Between No Confidence Motion and Censure Motion

Censure Motion

No-Confidence Motion

Before passing a censure motion in the Lower House, a specific reason must be clearly stated.

There is no need to provide a specific reason for passing a no-confidence motion in the Lok Sabha.

If the censure motion is passed, ministers need not resign.

If a no-confidence motion is passed, the entire ministry resigns immediately, including the Prime Minister.

The censure motion can be advanced against any Minister of the Parliament, the Cabinet of Ministers.

A no-confidence motion can only be advanced against the entire council of ministers.

An individual minister or the whole council of ministers can accept or reject the censure motion.

Only the entire council of ministers can accept or reject a no-confidence motion.

Censure motions can be passed in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.

No confidence motion can only be passed in the Lok Sabha

Censure and No Confidence Motion

Censure motion is against an individual, whereas No Confidence Motion is against the whole council. Censure Motion requires a reason to function; conversely, no reasons need to be declared under No Confidence Motion. The meaning and characteristics of Censure and No Confidence Motion are stated below.

What is Censure Motion?

A motion of censure refers to strong disapproval against an individual, minister, or the entire council of ministers. A censure motion can only be passed to criticize a particular act. It can be passed in the Lok Sabha or a state assembly.

  • A reason must be clearly stated when a censure motion is passed.
  • If passed, the minister or the council of ministers need not resign.

Censure Motion UPSC

A censure motion can be moved against a specific policy of the government or against a minister, or against the whole council of ministers by the opposition. One must understand the topic to be capable of solving Censure Motion UPSC questions, as these are important concepts in the polity segment of the UPSC 2023 exam.

What is No Confidence Motion?

No confidence motion is also known as a vote of no confidence, motion of confidence, and vote of confidence. It is a statement or vote issued against an entire council of ministers when they are deemed unfit to hold their current position.

  • If a no-confidence motion is passed against a council of ministers, the entire ministry must resign, including the Prime Minister.
  • In India, a no-confidence motion can only be introduced in the lower house of the Parliament of India, i.e., the Lok Sabha.
  • At least 50 percent of the members must support the motion.
  • In India, Acharya Kripalani moved the first-ever no-confidence motion in August 1963, after the Sino-Indian war.
  • Our current Prime Minister, Sri Narendra Modi, has also faced a no-confidence motion.
  • Indira Gandhi, one of the earlier Prime Ministers of India, faced the most no-confidence motions.
  • She faced 19 no-confidence motions.

Conclusion:

Key Difference Between Censure Motion and No Confidence Motion

The key Difference Between Censure Motion and No Confidence Motion is that Censure Motion expresses a firm thought of disfavour that could be disputed by the assembly and adopted by a majority vote, whereas No Confidence Motion can be presented only in the Lok Sabha and is accepted for debate when a minimum of 50 members support the motion.

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Difference Between Censure Motion and No Confidence Motion

  • The difference between censure motion and no confidence motion is that a motion of censure refers to strong disapproval against an individual minister or the entire cabinet of ministers, whereas a no-confidence motion is a statement or vote issued only against the entire cabinet of ministers when they are deemed unfit to hold their current position.

  • The censure motion needs a legit reason to prove disapproval against a Minister. It is passed in the Lok Sabha or State Assembly to disapprove of an Act. The ministers or the council have the right to accept or reject the motion.

  • There is a major difference between Censure Motion and No Confidence Motion in how they are passed in the Lok Sabha. A reason must be clearly stated before passing a censure motion in the Lok Sabha, but on the other hand, there is no need to provide a specific reason for passing a no-confidence motion in the Lok Sabha.

  • Censure motions can be passed in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. It needs a stated clear reason for the motion to be passed. It is usually passed to ridicule an Act; the Ministers need not resign in the case of a censure motion.

  • The difference between Censure Motion and No Confidence Motion based on their importance, is that in a parliamentary system, censure and no-confidence motions are used to showcase the lack of competence of the ruling government. To understand the workings of the parliamentary system in-depth, it is important to know the difference between censure motion and a no-confidence motion.

  • The no confidence motion is passed against the entire ministry. It does not mandate stating a particular reason for passing the motion. In case of passing of this motion, even the entire ministry, along with the Prime Minister, resign.

  • A censure motion can be introduced in either the Lok Sabha or a state assembly. It means powerful disapproval or severe objection. It can be a fierce rebuke from a legislature, or it can be general antagonism to the guidelines of the government or a particular minister.

  • Out of 11 times the motion has been summoned, nine issues targeted those positions, with four being functional. No confidence votes in Prime Ministers are exceptionally rare. The no-confidence method has been primarily used to release speakers and deputy speakers.

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