CAPF Preparation Tips 2021

CAPF Preparation Tips 2021

ByNaveen Singh  |  Updated on: May 4, 2021
CAPF AC 2021 Notification will be released soon. Check all the detailed information on the CAPF exam date, application fee, salary, eligibility criteria, no. of posts, and selection process to get an idea of the exam.
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CAPF AC Preparation Tips 2021

UPSC conducts the CAPF AC exam on yearly basis to recruit young candidates for the position of Assistant Commandant in the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF). CAPF is considered one of the most reputed exams in the country.

Thus, students preparing to appear for the CAPF AC 2021 exam can read here the important tricks and tips to crack the CAPF AC 2021 exam. CAPF AC 2021 preparations start with their understanding of exam patterns and knowing the detailed syllabus along with the analyzing of previous year question papers.

Knowing the CAPF AC syllabus will help you to cover up all the topics and prepare wisely for the CAPF AC 2021 exam. Analyzing off previous year's question papers will make you aware of the trends being followed in the CAPF AC exam and simultaneously prepare for the same.

Here we will discuss the correct approach along with important tips and tricks that you need to adopt while preparing for CAPF AC 2021 exam.

CAPF AC Exam Pattern

CAPF AC exam pattern for Paper I is as follows:

Total Number of Questions (MCQ)



2 hours

Total Marks Allotted


CAPF AC exam pattern for Paper II is as follows:

Total Number of Questions (Descriptive)



3 hours

Total Marks Allotted


Paper 2 of the CAPF AC Exam consists of a total of 6 questions that are divided into 2 parts:

CAPF Paper 2


Part A

Essay questions which include topics:

Part B

Debate Writing, Report Writing, Comprehension, Precise Writing & Other Communication & Language Skills

UPSC CAPF AC Syllabus 2021


  • For General Ability: Problem Solving, Arithmetical Reasoning, Arithmetic Number Series, Decision Making, Coding & Decoding, Statement Conclusion, Figural Classification, Relationship Concepts, etc.
  • For Intelligence & General Mental Ability: Current Events of National and International Importance, General Science, Indian & World Geography, History of India & Indian Polity and Economy.


  • For General Studies: Indian History, Indian National Movement, Indian Geography, National and International Current Affairs, Eminent Personalities, About India, Cultural Heritage, Environment, General Polity, General Science, Science and Technology, Economy, Indian Constitution, etc.
  • For Comprehension and Essay and English Language: Comprehension, Essay Writing, Report Writing, Precis Writing, Counter Argument, Language & Communication Skills, Grammar, Vocabulary, etc.

How to Approach CAPF AC Paper I Exam?

  • Firstly, analyzes the previous year's papers of the UPSC CAPF (including CDS EXAM) to get an idea about the questions.
  • Keep limited sources only. Whatever extra reading one does to understand the topic can be noted in one place for easy and fast revision. For instance, the candidate can add several things in basic books (NCERT, Laxmikant) itself. Also focused on the detailed reading at first & at a maximum of one or two revisions; this allowed one to cover the syllabus in the shortest possible time.
  • Daily newspaper reading (The Hindu or Indian Express) and noting the essential points or take pictures on the mobile.
  • Keep solving the question, 10 to 15 days or one paper weekly. Try to solve the UPSC questions as far as possible.
  • If one doesn’t know the exact answer, try to remove it from known facts & intuition (it is mostly based on one’s subconscious knowledge). At various times candidates need to follow this particular approach as nobody surely knows all the answers. But do not go for the wild guess.
  • Do not follow the time-based study (such as study for 12 hours a day). Instead, just try to do a target-based study (such as complete polity constitutional bodies within a day). Then one can have ample time for relaxation and one’s preparation will be efficient & interesting.
  • Do discussion based on your study with friends; keep asking questions to each other. This will ensure aspirants remember things effectively for a longer period.
  • The syllabus can be categorized among the fellow aspirants and can be taught to each other. One can follow the same for current affairs monthly.
  • The timetable should be prepared to complete the whole syllabus in time. Keep checking the status of your timetable at least weekly. No need to panic if he or she is not able to complete targets as scheduled (it happens usually). Here one should modify his or her schedule as per available time & significance of remaining topics (according to previous year papers) and accordingly one can modify his or her schedules at least 5 to 6 times.
  • Most importantly ‘Be calm & confident in exam hall’. If a candidate has studied devotionally and with a deep & curiosity, definitely he or she will clear the exam. Otherwise also plenty of knowledge is gained in the process which will help aspirants in other career options. Just take this as a learning experience rather than a burden. Focus to learn every day. A combination of confidence, consistency, dedication, and hard along with smart work is the key to clear this examination.
  • And lastly, identify one’s strengths & accordingly decide his or her strategy. For example, one can do the first detailed reading & one revision but some may be comfortable with the initial fast reading & multiple revisions, that completely depends on the individual.
  • Along with going through the above sources, one can try to solve as many test papers. This would give the candidate confidence & opportunity to do as many mistakes in mock tests itself and then correct those mistakes well before the examination. There is no thumb rule to solve the specific number of tests; one may solve around 20 mock tests to get very good experience in solving the questions attentively. But keep the test number also optimum as one could not even get a chance to revise those 20 test before the UPSC CAPF exam.

How to Approach CAPF AC Paper II Exam?

1. Essay Writing:

The Essay writing will consume a lot of time as you need to tackle a total of 4 Essays here. Keeping the word limit in mind, you need to write at least 1200 words which are from different topics.

Writing these essays without proper planning will lead to a loss of time and you will not be able to complete the rest of the questions.

Here is a tip that will enhance your speed:

Before writing about a particular essay, give yourself a time of 3 minutes, at the back of the answer sheet or in the question paper write bullet points in short about the topic (5W’s & H), the reasons, causes, and effects (if possible).

Note: 5W’s & H: What, Why, Who, Where, When & How (approach to introduce the topic)

For Eg:

In 2017, CAPF AC Exam:

Q1: The need for a common Civil Code in India:

First, describe what is Civil Code, a brief history, the need for civil code, effects of the civil code (+ve as well as -ve), conclusion.

This approach will definitely be helpful in writing an essay that will be to the point and cover all important things.

If you adopt this exercise, the time limit that I would suggest you will be:


Time Limit


3 Minutes


10 Minutes


2 Minutes


15 Minutes

This means you can complete one essay in 15 Minutes. So for 4 essays, you require a time of 1 hr.

2. Debate Writing:

Debate Writing is basically writing for or against a particular topic. The basic idea here tested by UPSC is to check the depth of the topic.

Here is a tip to approach the topic:

In each topic, we need to take one aspect and then make points about its pros and cons. I would suggest you keep the same word limit of 300 words and then write the points in favor first and then points against in the next paragraph.

For Eg:

In 2017, CAPF AC Exam:

Q: Youth in India are getting addicted to Android Mobiles

You can write it in somewhat these lines:

Youth in India are getting addicted to android mobiles (for):

Social Aspect:

(Statement 1)

Educational Aspect:

(Statement 2)

Technological Aspect:

(Statement 3)

Youth in India are getting addicted to android mobiles (against):

Social Aspect:

(Statement 4)

Educational Aspect:

(Statement 5)

Technological Aspect:

(Statement 6)

The time limit remains similar to the essay which is 15 minutes per topic which comes out to be 30 minutes for this question.

3. Report Writing:

This should also be prepared on similar lines as that of Essay Writing.

Effective Time required = 30 Minutes

Part B consists of:

4. Precise Writing:

Precis is a paragraph's short summary. But writing Precis is more than simply shortening the paragraphs.

The reason for writing a precise is to make the reader understand the paragraph's main essence in a shorter format.

Here are some tips for precise writing:

  1. Describe the main idea of the topic as soon as possible
  2. Identify the superfluous data and facts and keep precise of the core idea of the work.
  3. A precise title should be appropriate indicating the central idea.

Effective Time that should be taken: 25 Minutes

5. Comprehension Writing:

Here are some tips:

  1. If the topic is known to you, plz don't use the knowledge which is not covered in the comprehension.
  2. Read the question carefully and based on that answer the question.
  3. Never give an answer based on your opinion, base your answer on facts.

Effective Time that should be taken: 15 Minutes

6. Miscellaneous:

Many other questions like  - Direct/Indirect Speech, Active/Passive, etc. for those please refer to other dedicated Notes.

Effective Time that should be taken: 15 Minutes

Total time for paper 2 = 2 Hrs 55 Minutes,

The rest 5 minutes you can take as a buffer which you can use in any question or revise.

Some things that should be taken care of:

  1. As the Major portion is related to General Awareness you should read newspaper, magazine & articles.
  2. This would also help you in improving your English.
  3. Write legible and with equal spacing.
  4. Do cut or overwrite a word as it does not look neat.
  5. You can also use a flow chart and diagrams to explain as it would look attractive & unique.
  6. Use facts and figures in your essay as it would help in supporting your argument.
  7. Rest keep calm and composed before the exam.
  8. Even if you are not able to attempt all questions, just focus on the questions that you can attempt. An effective strategy would be to start with the last question.

We hope that with this article you would have got some clarity on how to approach paper 2 of the CAPF paper.

CAPF Preparation Tips FAQs

  • Regular practice and hard work will surely help you attain the desired result.

  • In today's era, nothing is easy every competition is tough as well as easy. It all depends on your preparation.

  • The UPSC CAPF AC has a lot of scope for promotion and career growth along with a handsome salary.

  • CAPF (AC) 2021 is scheduled to be conducted on 08th August 2021.

  • CAPF (AC) is conducted by UPSC once a year.

  • A total of 125 objective-type questions are asked in CAPF AC Paper 1.

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