World TB Day - History, Significance, Objective

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 3, 2022, 7:56

World TB Day is celebrated every year on the 24th of March to raise awareness amongst people regarding health, social and economic consequences caused by it, and also to step up efforts and work towards its eradication in the world. TB still remains one of the deadliest bacterial diseases ever caused to humankind. It is considered to be an infectious killer and World Tuberculosis Day aims to educate people about the impact of TB on the global population.

Some Facts About TB

  • With the combined global efforts to end TB, 66,000,000 lives have been saved since the year 2000.
  • In 2020, 9,900,000 people contracted this disease.
  • In the year 2020, 1,500,000 people died of TB worldwide.

World TB DayHighlights

  • World Tuberculosis Day is celebrated every year on the 24th of March
  • It is one out of the eleven official global public health campaigns recognised and marked by WHO.
  • This day commemorates the date in the year 1882 when the bacillus that causes tuberculosis was discovered by Dr Robert Koch.
  • The name of the bacterium that causes TB was announced as Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  • Every day, over4,100 people lose their lives due to TB, and almost 28,000 people fall ill due to this highly infectious yet preventable and curable disease.
  • Since the year 2000, collective global efforts to combat the impact of this deadly disease have successfully saved over 66 million lives globally.

World TB Day 2022

  • The theme of World Tuberculosis Day 2022 is 'Invest to end TB. Save lives.'
  • This theme centres around investing more and more resources to speed up the fight against TB.
  • The more investments, the more lives would be saved from succumbing to TB disease.
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FAQs on World TB Day

Q1. What is the root cause of TB, and who discovered it?

Ans: The root cause of TB is a bacteria named TB Bacillus, and it was discovered by Dr Robert Koch in the year 1882. His discovery helped in the diagnosis and treatment of this deadly and infectious disease.

Q2. Who proposed to recognise World Tuberculosis Day?

Ans: The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) proposed the 24th of March be recognised as the World TB day, on the one-hundredth anniversary of Dr Koch's discovery and presentation of the cause of TB, in the year 1982.

Q3. Where did Dr Robert Koch first declare about his findings on TB?

And: Dr Robert Koch first announced his findings on TB in front of a small group of scientists at the University of Berlin's Institute of Hygiene.

Q4. What is the significance of World TB Day?

Ans: World Tuberculosis Day provides an opportunity to organise political as well as social commitments for future progress by way of reducing and eliminating TB as a public health disorder.