World Hearing Day: History, Significance, Objective

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 24, 2022, 8:11

On March 3, 2020, the world celebrated World Hearing Day 2020, with the theme "Hearing for Life, Don't Let Hearing Loss Limit You." The World Health Organization (WHO) hopes to emphasise on this occasion that prompt and appropriate care can help persons with hearing loss reach their full potential.

Every year, the WHO chooses a topic for World Hearing Day and creates pamphlets and other campaign materials, such as posters and banners. The World Health Organization also hosts an annual World Hearing Day conference.

Objective and Significance of the World Hearing Day

The goal of World Hearing Day is to create global awareness about how to avoid deafness and hearing loss and promote hearing care. Hearing aids and other measures that can help with hearing loss are not widely available. 

People will be more connected to each other and the world if they have good hearing health and communicate well. With proper and timely interventions, those with hearing loss can access education, employment, and communication.

Background of the World Hearing Day

Hearing loss affects an estimated 466 million individuals worldwide or nearly 6.1 per cent of the global population. Furthermore, approximately 1 billion young individuals aged 12 to 35 are at risk of hearing loss due to recreational exposure to loud sounds. The international cost of untreated hearing loss is USD 750 billion per year.

What is hearing loss, and what causes it?

If a person can't hear and someone with normal hearing, they are said to have hearing loss or deafness. Hearing loss can affect one or both ears and can be mild, moderately severe, severe, or extremely severe.

 Hearing loss can be caused by various conditions, the most common of which are genetic factors and birth problems. Chronic ear infections, the use of certain medicines, and exposure to loud noise are other factors. Another factor that contributes to hearing loss or deafness is ageing. 

Difference between Deafness and Hard of Hearing:

Deafness and hard of hearing are not the same. Let’s check out the primary difference between both of these concepts:

Deafness

Hard of Hearing

When a person suffers severe hearing loss in both ears and cannot hear, they are regarded as "deaf."

The term "hard of hearing" refers to people who have a modest to the severe hearing issue. These individuals are not entirely deaf, but they are unable to hear and someone with normal hearing.

Hearing Aids:

Many strategies help people with untreatable hearing loss hear and communicate effectively. Hearing aids, cochlear implants, auditory training, speech and language therapy, and other assistive equipments are among them.

Efforts were taken by the WHO

The WHO has taken several initiatives to impact several lives on World Hearing Day. They are working on ear care to promote Integrated People-Centred Ear and Hearing Care. They are trying to integrate their efforts to prevent deafness. Their actions are based on the WHO World Report and the resolution by the World Health Assembly. They propagate the cause and gather support through the World Hearing Forum.

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FAQs About World Hearing Day

  • When is World Hearing Day celebrated?

World Hearing Day is celebrated every year on March 3.

  •  What was the theme of World Hearing Day 2021?

The theme for World Hearing Day 2021 was 'Hearing care for all!'

  •  How many people are affected by hearing loss annually?

Every year around 466 million people are affected by hearing loss.