Recently, the Rule of Law Index is being discussed a lot in India. The World Justice Project (WJP) releases the Rule of Law Index every year. WJP is an independent organisation that releases this rank-based index every year. The index can be considered a quantitative assessment to identify the extent of law followed in any country.
Rule of Law Index History
It offers a comprehensive picture of the rule of law in each country. Since WJP provides an unbiased opinion of the rule of law in countries, it plays a significant role in determining the effectiveness of the law.
WJP uses several factors/indicators to determine the effectiveness of law in each country. A detailed report is published worldwide every year by WJP. Governments and law officials can use WJP to measure the effectiveness of law and order. The Rule of Law Index report consists of around 128 countries around the globe. A poor rule of law impacts residents' daily lives, and national integrity suffers.
Factors for determining the Rule of Law Index
As said above, WJP uses several factors to determine the rule of law in any country. The parameters used by WJP to create the Rule of Law Index report are as follows:
- Restrictions on government powers
- Low corruption
- Open governance
- Fundamental rights
- Order and security of citizens
- Civil justice
- Criminal justice
- Regulatory enforcement
About Rule of Law Index
Recently, the rule of law has been in discussion in our country. In 2020, a petition was filed regarding the poor ranking of India in the Rule of Law Index. In the petition sent to Supreme Court, the pathetic ranking of India in the index was mentioned. The Supreme Court was also asked to direct the government to take steps and improve the rule of law in India.
However, things were not beneficial as India again scored a low ranking in the rule of law rankings published in 2021. As of 2021, India is 79th in the rule of law rankings published by WJP. Moreover, India has never been secured a top-50 ranking in the Rule of Law Index published by WJP.
Universal principles used to create the rule of law rankings
WJP defines the rule of law with the help of some universal principles. A nation with a better rule of law upholds universal principles at all costs. The universal principles for determining the rule of law are as follows:
Government officials are accountable to the nation’s law/order.
Laws are transparent and protect the fundamental rights of citizens.
The law administration process is fair.
Justice should be offered by people who are neutral and have ample resources.
A nation should ensure fair laws for everyone to have a better rule of law. One should know about the rule of law as it is an essential topic for competitive exams. Know the importance of the Rule of Law Index!
FAQs on Rule of Law Index
Q.1. Will a corrupt nation have a better Rule of Law Index?
A nation should be corruption-free to have a better Rule of Law Index.
Q.2. How many factors are used in total by WJP to determine the Rule of Law Index?
WJP uses 9 factors and 52 sub-factors to determine the Rule of Law Index.
Q.3. Is the Rule of Law Index launched every year?
WJP launched the Rule of Law Index report annually.
Q.4. How does the Rule of Law Index impact national integration?
The poor Rule of Law Index harms national integration.
Q.5. In the context of the Rule of Law Index, should government officials be accountable to the law?
In the context of the Rule of Law Index, For a better rule of law, government officials should respect the law/order.