International Labour Organisation [ILO]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 25, 2022, 8:40

The International Labour Organisation [ILO] is a United Nations Agency that mainly brings together the governments and workers of the nations. With 187 members, the organisation sets labour conventions and law-abiding justice for the working community. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.

Chronicle of the International Labour Organisation [ILO]

Part XIII of the Versailles Peace Treaty, which ended World War I, established the International Labour Organisation [ILO] in 1919. It sprang from 19th-century labour and social revolutions that resulted in broad demands for social equality and enhanced living conditions for the workers.

Its beliefs, techniques, and aims are not only preserved but also reaffirmed and encouraged.

The organisation has brought together the performers of the working world to forge remedies to some of the most urgent issues of the time and to make suggestions, alternatives, and regulatory frameworks in the pursuit of justice, through war and peace, depression and economic expansion, decolonisation and globalisation.

Objectives of the International Labour Organisation [ILO]

  • A coherent set of policies and programs is developed and targeted at resolving social and labour challenges.
  • Oversee international labour standards and frame conventions and recommendations.
  • Muster the support of member states in resolving related labour issues.
  • Protect the civil rights of workers. It includes the freedom to work, free association, collective agreements, security from slave labour, security from prejudice, etc.
  • Work on market and employment issues, including investigation and publishing.

Structure of the International Labour Organisation [ILO]

  • The International Labour Organisation [ILO] works via three primary institutions, including members from authorities, employers, and labourers.
  • The International Labour Conference establishes international labour standards and general policy, frequently referred to as an International Labour Parliament.
  • The executive council of ILO is a bureaucratic framework. It takes ILO policies and develops a strategy and funding, and presents it to the Convention for approval.
  • International Labour Office is the permanent administration of the International Labour Organisation [ILO]. It serves as the focal centre for all ILO activities.
  • Periodically, ILO conducts regional conferences of member states to examine issues of particular importance to the regions involved.

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International Labour Organisation [ILO] Procedure

The International Labour Organisation [ILO] establishes international working standards through treaties accepted by member governments. However, these are not legally binding.

The International Labour Organisation [ILO] drafts agreements with input from governments, workers and employers organisations. Furthermore, the ILO Conference adopts them.

A member country acknowledges an ILO convention as a legally binding document by ratifying it. Many nations use these conventions to bring national laws into compliance with international norms.

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India and International Labour Organisation [ILO]

India was one of the founding members of the International Labour Organisation [ILO] since its beginning in the 1919s and has been its permanent member since 1922. ILO’s first office in India opened in 1928. N.M. Joshi was the first representative of ILO from India in 1919.

The International Labour Organisation [ILO] has several priorities, including helping the working community by safeguarding their rights like standard working hours, maternity care and protection against child labour. It works on an information-based network for smooth running.

International Labour Organisation [ILO] was the first specialised agency under the newly founded United Nations.

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FAQs on International Labour Organisation [ILO]

Q1. Which country recently joined the International Labour Organisation [ILO]?

The Kingdom of Tonga, an Island Nation in the South of the Pacific, officially became the 187th member of the International Labour Organisation [ILO] on 26th February 2016. The Kingdom of Tonga has been a member of the United Nations since 1999.

Q2. What is the International Labour Organisation [ILO]’s policy on employee safety at work?

According to the International Labour Organisation [ILO] Constitution, employers shall safeguard their employees from illness and accidental injury on their job.

Q3. What are the challenges faced by the International Labour Organisation [ILO]?

People criticise the International Labour Organisation [ILO] for its declining benchmark function, low agreement approval levels, alleged non-representativeness, too demanding mission, and limited decision-making procedures.

Q4. What are the major achievements of the International Labour Organisation [ILO]?

The International Labour Organisation [ILO] bagged the Nobel Peace Prize on its 50th anniversary in 1969. This organisation expanded vastly after World War II and benefited the people of the workforce with several economic and social benefits. The organisation has successfully been able to form a reliable and worker-friendly environment in around 187 nations, helping billions of labourers around the globe.