International Day of Action for Rivers [14th March]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 22, 2022, 14:15

Rivers are essential for enhancing biodiversity as they support several birds, animals, and aquatic flora. The International Day of Action for Rivers is an initiative to spread awareness concerning the importance of rivers.

International Day of Action for Rivers - Overview

The International Day of Action for Rivers is observed on 14th March annually. In 2022, the day marked its 25th anniversary. It creates awareness among people on the importance of rivers and ways to protect them. The International Rivers Organization highlights the threat caused by increased human activities resulting in rivers drying up. The data suggests that only 10 per cent of the river basins in the world are protected. It is thus important to dedicate a day that foregrounds the importance of rivers and their conservation.

International Day of Action for Rivers History

The idea of the International Day of Action for Rivers was agreed upon at the First International Meeting of People Affected by Dams in Curitiba, Brazil. The group adopted the idea of observing the International Day of Action for Rivers in 1997 to conserve the rivers and reclaim the health of water bodies around the world. The participants of the group work in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. They create an impact by networking the change movements, community voicing, and research. There are representatives from more than 20 countries.

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Significance of International Day of Action for Rivers

Rivers are essential for every living being and form several ecosystems that support infinite lives. They are vital as they also give life to plants and animals. Many people rely on rivers for fishing as their livelihood. Increased human activities like building dams, encroachment and urbanization, deforestation, and pollution have resulted in the shrinking and pollution of rivers. The International Day of Action for Rivers promotes activities that involve the protection and conservation of rivers in several parts of the country.

Facts About Rivers and the International Day of Action for Rivers

Some of the most interesting facts about rivers and the International Day of Action for Rivers are -

  • 14th March 2022 marked the 25th anniversary of the International Day of Action for Rivers.
  • The year 2021 held astounding numbers of events in 32 countries. This year also marked more than 120 events, including river walks, cleaning drives, webinars, and celebrations.
  • The longest river in the world is the Nile (6,650 km) in Egypt, and the shortest river in the world is the river Roe (61m) in the United States.
  • Some rivers flow beneath the surface of the earth and are called subterranean rivers.
  • Rivers are of two kinds: rain-fed rivers and snow-fed rivers.

Rivers are the lifeline of all living beings in the world. With continuous human activities, many rivers have shrunk and are polluted. The International Day of Action for Rivers, celebrated on 14th March of every year, emphasizes conserving the rivers by engaging people.

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FAQs on International Day of Action for Rivers

Q 1. When is the International Day of Action for Rivers celebrated?

The International Day of Action for Rivers is celebrated on 14th March every year.

Q 2. What is the reason behind celebrating the International Day of Action for Rivers?

The International Day of Action for Rivers is celebrated to spread awareness among the people on the importance of rivers and the need for conservation.

Q 3. How is the International Day of Action for Rivers celebrated?

The International Day of Action for Rivers is celebrated by conducting awareness camps, river walks, cleaning drives, online webinars, and conservation talks.

Q 4. Does the International Day of Action for Rivers emphasize the role of rivers?

Yes. The International Day of Action for Rivers emphasizes the important role of rivers and provides information on simple ways of conservation.

Q 5. What was the most striking achievement of the International Day of Action for Rivers in 2021?

The most striking achievement of the International Day of Action for Rivers in 2021 was that more than 120 events were held in more than 30 countries to conserve rivers.