Digital education in India is an innovative and a major leap towards enhanced learning, structural development, and acquiring knowledge using digital services and technology. The need for technology-based education in India was augmented due to the COVID19 pandemic that temporarily disturbed the Indian education system.
Since the lockdown, all states swiftly and diligently responded to the COVID 19 situation and used existing digital resources to provide student education continuously. The non-technical teachers geared up and learned, what seemed impossible to them at first, and contributed towards providing a world-class education to the young generation of the country.
Digital Education in India Significance
Digital literacy is a learning method using technology and is a broad technical discipline aimed at helping all students gain knowledge in every corner of the country. Digital education in India is believed to be the future of learning. The Government of India has defined different channels and taken several initiatives to disseminate educational and pedagogic means and sources in various parts of the country.
Focus on Digitisation of Education
Recognising the rapid development of digital education, the government has introduced a new National Education Policy (NEP) that emphasises digitisation as well as the use of technology in education. Another focus is on Edtech for further training, especially in rural areas. This initiative was primarily taken to provide quality education, especially within tier 2 and tier 3 towns and villages. What looked like a distant dream, was successfully carried out and is wonderfully implemented across the nation.
Digital Education in India Goals
The main objectives of this initiative are:
- To develop high-quality electronic content in all local languages to cater to the diversity of various languages in India
- Develop virtual training and laboratories along with high-end skill development courses
- Create guidelines for online/digital education to tackle the digital divide
- Development of digital classrooms
- Integrating the Indian education system using technology
- Development of a framework for digital evaluation in the age of digital education and ensuring a consistent student plus teacher experience through multi-mode access to education via web portals, webinars, mobile apps, TV, radio, and podcasts
- The focus will be on increasing mobile phone usage to enable “anytime, anywhere” access and enhance penetration
- Teachers will be encouraged to use e-learning resources
Advantages of Digital Education in India
- When India fought the COVID19 Pandemic, Indian digital education was the only learning source for all students
- Digital education became the only source of imbibing pedagogical information, technical know-how, and practical experience of various subjects to students
- There is no restriction on learning and study location in digital education practices
- Students can always take online classes with online learning material easily available, making learning and teaching between students and teachers easily accessible
- Digital education acts as a supplement and making digitisation cost-effective became a major government motivation
Digital Education Initiatives - Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD)
- PM eVidya was launched on 17th May 2020, to integrate all educational efforts concerning digital, on-air, and online pedagogy
- One of MHRD's most substantial educational initiatives is DIKSHA (Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing)
- Electronic textbooks provide easy access using the ePathshala mobile app (Android, iOS, Windows) and the web portal
- The Vidya Daan was launched in April 2020
- Swayam Prabha TV Station became another vital source of providing comprehensive digital education
Digital learning makes things related to our lives and environment more practical, accessible, and interesting. It is a flexible option for students that allows them to study at their own time, calibre, and pace. Teachers also find it practical to create a learning plan with excellent technical support. Lessons have become a smoother experience with the perfect weave of a personalised package that combines gamification, video and pictorial learning, animation, and sophisticated effects.
FAQs on Digital Education in India
Q.1. What was the budget allocated to digital education in 2021-22 by the Ministry of Education?
There was an increase of more than 8,100 crores over this year's revised estimate, with 38,350.65 crores assigned to the Department of Higher Education. A total budget of 93,224.31 crore crores was allocated to education.
Q.2. What is DIKSHA (Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing) e-Learning?
As a part of the PM eVidya initiative as announced by the Government under the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Program, DIKSHA is a comprehensive digital platform for school education in India launched in 2017 available to all federal schools from classes 1-12. It can be availed from mobile applications and web portals.
Q.3. What is the Government Digital Education Initiative for Students with Disabilities?
For students with hearing impairment, they would have access to the DTH channel in sign language. Teaching materials have been developed with the digitally accessible information system "DAISY" for the hearing and visually impaired.
Q.4. What is the CBSE Digital Education Initiative Shiksha Vani all about?
Shiksha Vani is a podcast launched by CBSE used by students from classes 9 -12 with more than 430 audio content pieces easily available in all subjects from grade 12 to grade 1.