Difference Between Statutory And Quasi Judicial Bodies

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 11, 2022, 9:01

Laws and legislations exist to maintain civil conditions for the citizens, irrespective of the nation or state. The bodies that enforce, administer and listen to and consider the matters pertaining to law and order are called judicial bodies. Now, there are various levels of autonomy and modes of operation of every such body that maintains the law and this is what differentiates them from each other. In this article, let's find out the difference between statutory and quasi-judicial bodies in detail.

But first, let's cover the definitions of both these bodies to understand them better.

Definition of Statutory Body

A statutory body is a judicial body instated by the State or the Central government to oversee the enforcement of law and hear the issues through legal hearings if a law has been broken or if there is a civil issue regarding the same. Additionally, statutory bodies can also enact laws.

Definition of a Quasi-Judicial Body

The word Quasi means Apparently or Seemingly (in simpler words, something that may not actually be the case). Thus, a Quasi-Judicial body can be defined as a body or a tribunal that has been authorized to hear certain kinds of matters as a representative of the actual judicial body. Quasi-judicial bodies can only work on existing laws, not enact them.

Difference Between a Statutory and a Quasi-Judicial Body

The following table clearly explains the difference between a statutory body and a quasi-judicial body.

Statutory Body

Quasi-Judicial Body

A statutory body can be considered as a corporate body with its own full autonomy.

A quasi-judicial body isn't fully autonomous; it operates under restrictions as stipulated by the agency that appoints it.

Statutory bodies have the power and authority to enact laws if the situation and conditions demand it.

Quasi-judicial bodies merely solve disputes and operate under the ambit of existing laws.

An example of a statutory body in India is the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC).

An example of a quasi-judicial body in India is the Railway Claims Tribunal.

Statutory bodies are not mentioned in the Constitution of India, and therefore, they can be called non-constitutional bodies.

Quasi-judicial bodies act as a court of law that takes some burden off the actual courts. An individual can also be a quasi-judicial body appointed by a suitable authority.

Statutory bodies are not limited by departments or domains to operate and administer the law to the citizens. They hear cases about everything.

A quasi-judicial body is concerned only with the domain that it has been appointed for. For example, the Railway Claims Tribunal is appointed to hear cases of railway claims only. It cannot hear or handle other matters of law.

The purpose behind instating various types of bodies that can settle disputes, hear cases and administer the law is to ultimately maintain order in the region of their jurisdiction. While statutory bodies function in their own judicial autonomy, a quasi-judicial body is only allowed to function within the ambit specified by the appointing authority. It helps to take some of the caseloads off of the courts.

More Current Affair Topics
AIIBAir Masses
Amarnath YatraAshgabat Agreement
Ashuganj PortBengal Sultanate
Bhaja CavesAir Pollutants
Achanakmar Amarkantak Biosphere ReserveAsian Clearing Union

FAQs on Difference Between Statutory And Quasi-Judicial Bodies

Q.1) What are some more examples of quasi-judicial bodies in India?

The Lok Adalat, the National Green Tribunal (NGT), the Election Commission of India, etc., are some popular examples of quasi-judicial bodies in India.

Q.2) What are some more examples of statutory bodies in India?

The National Investigation Agency, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), etc., are some good examples of statutory bodies in India.

Q.3) Who appoints a quasi-judicial body?

The court of law appoints a quasi-judicial body and its members.

Q.4) Is a quasi-judicial body autonomous?

No, a quasi-judicial body acts under the ambit of existing laws and for the matters that it was appointed for specifically.