Difference Between Sociology and Psychology

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 12, 2022, 10:28

Though sociology and psychology are both regarded as social sciences, they are unique in their respective context, career paths, and subjects. Social sciences refer to academic or science branches that comprise an in-depth study of human behaviour in social and cultural aspects. Psychology and sociology are two of their most important disciplines, which gained momentum in the 20th century. Let's explore the Difference Between Sociology and Psychology.

What is Sociology?

As the name suggests, sociology involves the study of society or collective groups of people who may be connected through associations such as social class, age demographics, religious beliefs, geography, gender, race, and sexuality.

  • By doing so, sociologists attempt to answer complex questions about modern social issues.
  • These social issues span a wide spectrum, from poverty and non-inclusive work cultures to discrimination and lack of access to healthcare.
  • Sociologists leverage scientific methods to understand how various communities engage, the evolution of social constructs, and their impact on social change.

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What is Psychology?

Psychology is an in-depth study of mental and psychological processes behind the human behaviour of the individual. This discipline also delves into how individuals relate to themselves and the context of groups.

  • Psychologists delve into the human mind, and how it is influenced by social and emotional factors such as stress, intelligence, and anger.
  • Psychology also studies cognitive and emotional capabilities and explores how human beings are psychologically impacted by experiences like ageing, abuse, and memory.
  • This discipline also aims to understand human behaviour in specific workplace environments or marital relationships.
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Difference Between Sociology and Psychology

SOCIOLOGYPSYCHOLOGY
Sociology deals with groups of people.Psychology focuses on the individual.
With a degree in sociology, one explore roles such as policy analyst or work in fields like criminal justice and public health.Careers in psychology have focused pathways such as working as a counsellor or therapist.

Sociology feeds into and plays a transformative role in multi-disciplinary fields such as urban planning and sister disciplines like economics.

Psychology is playing a transformative role in the mental health revolution.

Those pursuing the study of sociology must have a keen interest in understanding human relationships and activities in the context of social structures and must have a scientific bend of mind, critical thinking skills, and powers of observation.

Those pursuing the study of psychology must be good listeners, have a keen interest in understanding human behaviour, have empathy, and understand how the human brain works.
Prominent sociologists include Emile Durkheim and Max Weber.Famous psychology practitioners include Sigmund Freud and Jean Piaget

 

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FAQs on the Difference Between Sociology and Psychology

Q 1. Despite the Difference Between Sociology and Psychology, why are both considered to be social sciences?

Both are considered social sciences despite the Difference Between Sociology and Psychology as they offer a scientific approach to studying social behaviour in various contexts.

Q 2. What is the Difference Between Sociology and Psychology in terms of their genesis?

Frenchman August Compte coined the term sociology to bring all studies of human activity under one umbrella in the 1830s. Wilhelm Wundt set up the first experimental psychology lab in Germany in 1879, paving the way for a unique discipline. This is the main Difference Between Sociology and Psychology regarding their genesis.

Q 3. What is the Difference Between Sociology and Psychology in terms of skills?

The Difference Between Sociology and Psychology in terms of skills is that sociology requires superior articulation, analytical and critical thinking, while psychology requires observation, listening skills, and empathy.

Q 4. What is the main Difference Between Sociology and Psychology?

The striking Difference Between Sociology and Psychology is that sociology deals with groups of people while psychology deals with the individual.