Difference Between Sociology and History

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 13, 2022, 13:06

While sociology is a core discipline of the social sciences, history falls between social sciences and humanities. Both disciplines have distinct identities and serve unique purposes. Sociology, being a social science discipline, refers to the academic study of aspects of human behaviour in the context of society, while history delves into the history of past events. Let's explore the Difference Between Sociology and History.

What is Sociology?

Sociology, as the name suggests, involves the study of society or collective groups of people who may connect through associations such as social class, age demographics, religious beliefs, geography, gender, race, and sexuality.

  • By doing so, sociologists attempt to answer complex questions about modern social issues.
  • These social issues span a broad spectrum from poverty and non-inclusive work cultures to discrimination and lack of access to healthcare.
  • Sociologists leverage scientific methods to understand how various communities engage, the evolution of social constructs, and their impact on social change.

☛ Also Get: Daily Current Affairs PDF

What is History?

History is the in-depth study of past events, the factors that helped shape those events, and how they impacted people, communities, countries, and other aspects of life. History also spans a wide spectrum of economic, religious, cultural, and social developments. The spectrum of events studied can range from wars and imperialism to a nation's history and the evolution of women's rights.

  • History was established much earlier than most social sciences, as early as the 5th century BC.
  • The study of history can be distorted based on the authenticity of the collection of facts and evidence.
  • Historians spend as much time verifying the authenticity of these facts as they do, building narratives around past events.
Important Exams
UPSC ExamIBPS PO Exam
SSC ExamDefence Exam
SSC CHSL ExamSSC Steno Exam
RRB JE ExamSSC CGL Exam
RRB NTPC ExamIBPS Clerk Exam
IBPS SO ExamUPPSC Exam

Difference Between Sociology and History

SOCIOLOGY HISTORY
Sociology deals with the study of diverse groups of people.History comprises the study of past events.
With a degree in sociology, one explore roles such as policy analyst. Sociology majors can also work in fields like criminal justice and public health.Careers in history range from playing the roles of historians, archivists, museum curators, history guides, and academics.
Sociology is a highly analytical subject, with sociologists leveraging several techniques to study human behaviour in the context of their groups and interpret patterns to form a systematic analysis.History, on the other hand, is based on the recounting of facts related to events and their evolution.
Those pursuing the study of sociology must have a keen interest in understanding human relationships and activities in the context of social structures and must have a scientific bend of mind, critical thinking skills, and powers of observation.Those pursuing the study of history must display a keen interest in the historical value of events and have a curiosity about the past, and how its consequences manifest in the present and future.
Famous sociologists include Emile Durkheim and Max Weber.Famous historians include Helen Cam and Marc Raeff

 

More Current Affairs Topics
Offline Digital PaymentsOpen Network for Digital Commerce
Difference Between Moderates and ExtremistsDifference Between NRI and PIO
Difference Between Money Bill and Finance BillZero Discrimination Day
PM Innovative Learning Programme DHRUVWhite Goods
127 Constitutional Amendment Bill16 Mahajanapadas

FAQs on the Difference Between Sociology and History

Q1. What is the Difference Between Sociology and History in terms of their categorization?

One Difference Between Sociology and History is the classification of these disciplines. Sociology is a social science, while history falls between social sciences and humanities.

Q2. What is the Difference Between Sociology and History in terms of their genesis?

Frenchman August Compte coined the term sociology to bring all studies of human activity under one umbrella in the 1830s. On the other hand, history is derived from the Greek word "historian," which means inquiry. The 5th century BC Greek philosopher Herodotus is considered the father of modern history as we understand it. Hence, the study of history is a much older pursuit.

Q3. What is the Difference Between Sociology and History in terms of their difficulty in studying?

A major Difference Between Sociology and History is that both are distinct in their approach and outcomes. However, students and professionals must choose based on their passion and career interests.

Q4. What is the major Difference Between Sociology and History?

The Major Difference Between Sociology and History is that Sociology deals with the study of diverse groups of people. On the other hand, history comprises the study of past events.