Difference Between History and Civics

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 15, 2022, 6:21

Often clubbed together, History and Civics are subsets of Social Sciences. But there is a notable Difference Between History and Civics in the scope and nature of the content.

While History is a chronological study of past events affecting a nation or people, the subject of Civics deals with the rights, duties, privileges, or obligations of citizens. It includes society's attempts at controlling individuals' rights and responsibilities through organized states and nations.

Five subjects, namely History, Geography, Civics, Economics, and Sociology, are closely related since they all deal with human relationships and focus mainly on human beings and their relations with past events, Earth, or society.

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Difference Between History and Civics

Let's take a look at some of the major Difference Between History and Civics -

Points of difference

History

Civics

Scope

The scope of History includes a narrative account of past events. The subject of History objectively examines and analyses the chronology or sequence of events to determine patterns of its effects and cause, thus offering a perspective of the present in the light of the past.

The subject of Civics includes the theoretical and political study of citizenship, its rights, responsibilities, and duties, including a citizen's engagement in the political process, etc.

Furthermore, it also deals with human rights, political education, disintegration, violence, human resources, etc.

Branches

The subject of History has several branches. These include social history, political history, cultural history, economic history, art history and history of religion. Furthermore, it can also be classified by topic such as history based on geographical regions, environment, science, music, etc.

Under the study of citizens' rights, duties, and responsibilities, Civics also deals with the study of civil code and civil law, including the three branches of the government and constitution in relationship with the citizens—legislative, executive, and judicial.

Origin of the term

The term History originates from Greek historia' which means knowledge or inquiry obtained by investigation.

The word Civics is derived from the Latin word Civicus and means relating to a citizen.

UPSC Syllabus

Pre-history, Proto-history, Indus Valley Civilization, Megalithic Cultures, Aryans and Vedic period, Mauryan Empire, World Wars, Colonial Rule and Decolonization, British Expansion in India and British Raj, Industrialization, Gupta Era, Mughal Empire, among others.

Political Theory and Indian Politics, Theories of State, Justice, Equality, Human Rights, Democracy, Indian Nationalism, Indian Constitution, Comparative Politics and International Relations, among others.

☛ Also Read: Current Affairs

While we study the Difference Between History and Civics, we should also note that both subjects belong to the broad discipline of Social Studies as the content of both subjects is focused majorly upon human beings and their actions. While History and Civics are vastly different, they more or less emphasize man's institutional and group activities, discussing practical, political, and cultural influences, among others.

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FAQs on the Difference Between History and Civics

Q.1. Is there a Difference Between History and Civics with regard to content?

Yes. The Difference Between History and Civics with regard to content is that while History is a chronological study of the events of the past, Civics deals with political aspects including the rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens.

Q.2. What is the Difference Between History and Civics with regard to founding fathers in America?

The Difference Between History and Civics with regard to founding fathers in America is that Benjamin Franklin is regarded as the civic scientist in America, but there are four founding fathers of American History. They are George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison.

Q.3. Is there a Difference Between History and Civics with regard to importance?

There is no Difference Between History and Civics with regard to importance. Both subjects are equally important as they deal with human relationships and help analyse and examine the present in the light of past events.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between History and Civics with regard to nomenclature?

The Difference Between History and Civics with regard to nomenclature is that the term 'History' originates from the Greek historia' meaning 'inquiry', whereas the term 'Civics' originates from the Latin word Civicus', meaning 'relating to a citizen.