Understand the Basics of Data Interpretation: Know Tips & Tricks

By Amrit Gouda|Updated : June 21st, 2022

Data Interpretation is a major part of the Quantitative Aptitude section for any banking exam. You can expect around 5-10 questions or 1-2 sets from this chapter in almost all the bank and insurance prelims exams. In the main exams, this chapter plays a very crucial role. You can expect around 50% of questions from this chapter in the main exams of  IBPS PO, SBI PO, IBPS Clerk, etc.

Let's discuss some common doubts of students such as "What is Data interpretation?" along with types of data interpretations and tips and tricks to solve various types of data interpretation.

Table of Content

The majority of the questions asked in the Data Interpretation Section are based on the following topics of the Arithmetic Section -

  1. Ratios
  2. Averages
  3. Percentages

If the basics of these topics are clear, attempting DI in the exams becomes comparatively easy.

What is Data Interpretation?

Interpretation is the process of making sense of numerical data that has been collected, analyzed, and presented. Interpreting data is an important critical thinking skill that helps you comprehend textbooks, graphs, and tables

Now, let us go through the types of DI graphs/charts that you may encounter in the exams -

  1. Pie Charts
  2. Line Charts
  3. Bar Graphs
  4. Tabular Charts
  5. Mixed Graphs

To practice various types of DI questions for the upcoming bank and insurance exam of 2022, you can try Bank Test Series.

Types of Data Interpretation

We shall now have a look at the types of questions that are asked under these Data Interpretation Graphs -

Consider the following data presented in the bar graph -

Percentage of Students who like different sports in two different years is provided in the following graph. The total number of Students is 1000 for both years.

The year 2011 and Year 2012

byjusexamprep

Now the following types of questions may be asked from this data -

1. Sum or Difference based -

These are the most basic questions that may be asked in a DI set. For instance,

What was the sum of the total number of students who like Badminton and Cricket in both years?

Now for such questions, first find the number of students who like the two sports in the two years -

2011 - Badminton = (12/100) * 1000 = 120

Cricket = (45/100) * 1000 = 450

Total = 570

2012 - Badminton = (20/100) * 1000 = 200

Cricket = (37/100) * 1000 = 370

Total = 570

Sum = 570 + 570 = 1140

You can watch clear your concepts regarding the Data Interpretation chapter in the Bank online coaching.

2. Averages based Questions -

Average-based questions are very commonly asked in the Data Interpretation sets. For instance,

What is the average number of students who like badminton, cricket, and football in 2011?

Total students who like badminton, cricket and football in 2011 = (12 + 45 + 22) = 79% of 1000

Required average = 790/3

3. Ratio based question -

Another arithmetic operation-based question that may be asked is Ratio based.

Now, these questions may be asked directly or in combination with the above. For instance,

What is the ratio of the students who like football and tennis in 2011 and those who like volleyball and squash in 2012?

Students who like football and tennis in 2011= (22 + 4) = 26% of 1000

Students who like volleyball and squash in 2012 = (10 + 5) = 15% of 1000

Remember for such questions, you do not need to do the entire calculation, because such numbers will eventually cancel out while calculating the ratios.

Required ratio = (26% of 1000) : (15% of 1000) = 26 : 15

You can check other quantitative Aptitude study materials here:

S.No

Topics

1

Simplification & Approximation

2

Calculation Short Tricks

3

D.I Basics

4

Number series

5

Quadratic Equation

6

Simple Interest

7

Compound Interest

8

Mixture & Alligation

9

Partnerships

10

Percentages

11

Pipes & Cisterns

12

Age-based problems

13

Profit, Loss & Discount

14

Ratio & Proportion

15

Time, Speed & Distance

16

Time & Work

17

Probability

4. Percentage based question -

These are yet other arithmetic problems that are usually asked in DI questions.

These problems again may be asked individually or in combination with the sum or difference-based problems. For instance,

The students who like badminton and squash in 2011 is what percent of the students who like football and swimming in 2011?

Students who like badminton and squash in 2011 = (12 + 2) = 14% of 1000

Students who like football and swimming in 2011 = (22+7) = 29% of 1000

Here again, do not calculate the entire value.

Required % = (14% of 1000) / (29% of 1000) * 100 = 1400/29%

Same data may be presented in the form of other graphs as well, however, the approach to attempt the questions would remain the same. You may find numbers in place of percentages or vice - versa, so do read the question carefully before proceeding.

Line Graph -

The year 2011 and Year 2012

byjusexamprep

Tabular Chart -

byjusexamprep

Pie Chart -

byjusexamprep

byjusexamprep

One more variety of questions that may be asked in pie charts is angle-based. For instance,

What is the central angle corresponding to football and volleyball together for 2012?

Angle = (20 + 10)% * 360 = (30/100) * 360 = 108

This chapter can be helpful for the following exams:

S. No.

Name of the exam

1

SBI Clerk

2

 SBI PO

3

IBPS Clerk

4

IBPS PO

5

 IBPS RRB

6

RBI Assistant

7

 RBI Grade-B

8

 NABARD Grade-A

10

 SBI Apprentice

12

 LIC AAO

 

If you are aiming to crack the IBPS RRB exam 2022, then join the Online Classroom Program where you will get:

byjusexamprep

  • Live Courses by Top Faculty
  • Daily Study Plan 
  • Comprehensive Study Material 
  • Latest Pattern Test Series 
  • Complete Doubt Resolution 
  • Regular Assessments with Report Card

Click here to access Test Series

Why BYJU'S Exam Prep Test Series?

  • Get better at every level of your preparation with unlimited test series, based on the latest exam pattern. 
  • Assess areas of weaknesses & track improvements with in-depth performance analysis

Download the BYJU’S Exam Prep App Now. 

The most comprehensive exam prep app.

#DreamStriveSucceed  

Comments

write a comment

FAQs

  • Interpretation is the process of making sense of numerical data that has been collected, analyzed, and presented. Interpreting data is an important critical thinking skill that helps you comprehend textbooks, graphs, and tables.

  • Pie Charts

    Line Charts

    Bar Graphs

    Tabular Charts

    Mixed Graphs

  • The majority of the questions asked in the Data Interpretation Section are based on the following topics of the Arithmetic Section -

    Ratios

    Averages

    Percentages

    So you have first clear the concepts of these chapters and then practice as many questions as possible.

  • You can expect around 5-10 questions or 1-2 sets from this chapter in almost all the bank and insurance prelims exams. In the main exams, this chapter plays a very crucial role. You can expect around 50% of questions from this chapter in the quant section of the main exams like IBPS PO, SBI PO, IBPS Clerk, etc.

PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

BankingIBPS POIBPS ClerkSBI POIBPS SOSBI ClerkRBIIDBI SORRBLICESICNainital BankOtherQuick LinkMock Test

Follow us for latest updates