The AMRUT Mission was the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission. It was renamed and relaunched on 25th June 2015 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The Central Government allocated a sum of INR 50,000 crore to the AMRUT Yojana for 5 years, from FY20156-16 to FY2019-20.
The Government also launched AMRUT 2.0 on 1st October 2021 with an approximately INR 76,760 crore allocation from the Central Government for five years, from FY2021-22 to FY2025-26. Its focus lies on water conservation, reuse and recycling of water, and rejuvenation of water bodies.
Purpose of the AMRUT Mission
The Objective of the AMRUT Mission is stated as follows -
- To ensure that every house has a reliable water supply and a sewer connection;
- Develop greenery and well-maintained open spaces such as parks to improve the amenity value of cities; and
- Initiation of Non-motorised transportation, such as cycling and walking, and a switch to public transport were meaningful goals to reduce pollution.
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) prescribes indicators and standards for these objectives in Service Level Benchmarks (SLBs).
Mission Components of the AMRUT Mission
The main components of the AMRUT Yojana are:
- Water Supply - Rehabilitation and water supply systems and rejuvenation of water bodies
- Sewerage - Rehabilitation and development of an underground network of sewage with facilities for recycling and reuse
- Storm Water Drainage - Construction and improvement of stormwater drain to eliminate flooding.
- Urban Transport - Facilities for non-motorised transport and multi-level parking
- Green Space and Parks - Development of parks with special provisions for children, senior citizens, and Divyang (disabled)
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Coverage of the AMRUT Mission
AMRUT Yojana covers 500 cities, categorised as follows:
- According to the Census of 2011, cities and towns with a population of over 1 lakh, along with notified Municipalities (including Cantonment Boards)
- Other capital cities/towns of States/Union Territories
- Cities/towns classified by the MoHUA as Heritage Cities under the HRIDAY Scheme
- 13 cities and towns having a population of 75,000-1,00,000, situated on the banks of the main rivers
- 10 cities, maximum one from each state, hill states, islands, and tourist destinations.
Progress Accomplished by the AMRUT Scheme
The AMRUT Scheme has made tremendous strides in ensuring that poor households can access basic amenities like water and sewerage connections. As of 2021, the progress of the AMRUT Mission is as follows -
Smart Water Projects Completed
Households with water tap connections
Households with sewer connections
Smart Solar Projects Completed
Reduction of Carbon Footprint
84.6 Lakh Tons
Smart Roads Projects Completed
Streetlights replaced with LED Lights
Vibrant Public Places Developed
- In an attempt to improve the quality of life, the AMRUT Yojana has sought to reduce the carbon footprint, promote the reuse and recycling of water, and adoption of energy-efficient measures.
- The AMRUT Mission has helped the poor and disadvantaged obtain housing and attain a decent standard of life.