Amboli declared a biodiversity heritage-site

By Sudheer Kumar K|Updated : July 13th, 2021

Recently the Maharashtra government has issued a notification declaring a temple at Amboli a biodiversity heritage site in Sindhudurg under the Biodiversity Act, 2002, Read further for Details.

General studies Paper: III(Environment and Ecology)

Table of Content

Amboli declared a biodiversity heritage site


  • The Maharashtra government has recently issued a notification declaring a temple at Amboli a biodiversity heritage site in Sindhudurg under the Biodiversity Act, 2002.
  • Recently, the species of 'Shistura Hiranyakeshi' fish in the temple pond was found by a staff of researchers led by the Thackeray Wildlife Foundation.

Important Facts:

  • 'Shistura Hiranyakeshi' is a fish species found in freshwater. It is a rare species and due to fishing activities it is in danger of extinction now. Hence the decision was taken to declare its habitat a biodiversity heritage site.
  • In Maharashtra, Amboli is also known as the temple of Goddess Parvati and is the origin of the Hiranyakeshi River.
  • The species 'Shistura Hiranyakeshi' had also been found previously in another temple pond in the Western Ghats region of India.
  • Some other areas in Maharashtra were also declared as biodiversity heritage sites. These include Lander Khori Park in Jalgaon, Ganesh Khind in Pune, Allapalli in Gadchiroli and the Myristica marshy vegetation area of ​​Sindhudurg.

What are Biodiversity Heritage Sites?

  • Biodiversity heritage sites are unique and sensitive ecosystems having rich biodiverstiy.
  • These can be terrestrial, coastal and inland waters or marine ecosystems.
  • Under Section 37 of the Biodiversity Act of 2002, state governments can notify biodiversity heritage sites in consultation with local governing bodies.

What is the Biodiversity Act, 2002?

  • The Biodiversity Act, 2002 was enacted by the Parliament of India for the conservation of biological diversity.
  • The Act is being implemented to fulfil the obligations under the Convention on Biodiversity.
  • Under this Act, the National Biodiversity Authority and the State Biodiversity Boards have been established.
  • The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA):
    • It is a statutory autonomous body
    • Headquartered in Chennai
    • It functions under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, GoI.
  • State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs) have been created in all states with 31,574 biological management committees (for each local body) across India.

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