Sulphur Cycle Notes for Bihar State Exams

By Trupti Thool|Updated : April 20th, 2023

Sulphur Cycle is a type of sedimentary cycle which is sediments based. It does not involve circulation (in the form of gases) through the atmosphere as in case of gaseous cycles. It consists of all such processes through which sulphur is transferred from rocks to the living systems and vice versa.

The topic 'Sulphur Cycle' forms part of 'Biogeochemical cycle' which is important for various exams like UPSC, State PCS and other competitive exams.

Sulphur cycle

Sulphur is used in the process of proteins and vitamins production. Proteins consist of amino acids that contain sulphur atoms like thiophene. When sulphur is dissolved in water, plants absorb them. Animal consume these plants so that they take up enough sulphur to maintain their health.

  • Most of the earth’s sulphur tied up in the rocks and salts or buried deep in the ocean in oceanic sediments.
  • Sulphur can also be found in the atmosphere. It enters the atmosphere by both natural and human sources.
  • Natural sources can be volcanic eruptions, bacterial processes and evaporation from water or decaying organisms.
  • Human activities mainly from industrial purposes where sulphur dioxide and hydrogen sulphide gases are emitted on a wide scale.
  • When sulphur dioxide enters the atmosphere it reacts with oxygen to produce sulphur trioxide or with other chemicals to make sulphur salts. Sulphur dioxide also reacts with water to produce sulphuric acid. All these particles react with rain and fall back onto Earth as acid deposition.
  • The particles then are absorbed by plants again and are released back into the atmosphere and then sulphur cycle will start over again.


The entire Earth biosphere is a closed system so that nutrients are neither imported nor exported from the biosphere. The biogeochemical cycle also referred to as the cycle of nature because they link together all organisms and abiotic component.

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