# Reasoning & Mental Ability : Analogies

By Asha Gupta|Updated : April 7th, 2021

### Number Analogy:

Typical relationships between the numbers

• One number is a multiple of others.
• One number is the square root of the other.
• One number is the cube or cube root of the other.
• The two numbers can be consecutive, even, odd or prime numbers.
• In letter analogy, the relationship is between 2 groups of letters on each side of the sign:
• In word analogy, there is a certain relationship between the 2 given words on one side of ‘::’ and one word is given on the other side.

### Number Analogy:

Typical relationships between the numbers

• One number is a multiple of others.
• One number is the square root of the other.
• One number is the cube or cube root of the other.
• The two numbers can be consecutive, even, odd or prime numbers.
• In letter analogy, the relationship is between 2 groups of letters on each side of the sign:
• In word analogy, there is a certain relationship between the 2 given words on one side of ‘::’ and one word is given on the other side

### Word Analogy:

The analogy is a comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.

• A thing that is comparable to something else in significant respects.
• A process of arguing from similarity in known respects to similarity in other respects.
• A process by which new words and inflections are created on the basis of regularities in the form of existing ones.
• The analogy is a literary technique in which two unrelated objects are compared for their shared qualities.

Examples:

1. In the following question, select the related word from the given alternatives: Soap: cleaning:: chair: ?

A. Fiber

B. Wood

C. Sitting

D. Both A & B

Ans: C

Solution:

Soap is used for cleaning something. The chair is used for getting seated. Hence, option C is the correct response.

2. In the following question, select the related number from the given alternatives: 59 : 45 :: 63 : ?

A. 19

B. 28

C. 56

D. 18

Ans: D

Solution:

59 = 5 × 9 = 45
63 = 6 × 3 = 18
Hence, option D is the correct response.