National Parks of India: Total 106 National Parks, their Map & 566 Wildlife Sanctuaries

By Avinash Kumar|Updated : November 2nd, 2021

National Parks of India is an integral part of Indian geography and Environment. This topic is very relevant from the point of view of competitive examination. National park is a natural park for conservation purposes, created and protected by national governments. India has a total of 104 national parks. We have come up with an article that will provide full insights of national park in India, along with Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves, and Community Reserve.

National parks in India are categorized as IUCN category II protected areas. Before coming to the national parks, lets us briefly understand about the protected areas.

Protected Areas of India

Protected areas or conservation areas are locations that receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values. They are defined according to the guidelines prescribed by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature). There are mainly four types of protected areas which are:

  1. National Park
  2. Wildlife Sanctuaries
  3. Conservation reserves
  4. Community reserves

1. National Parks and recent updates

  • There are a total of 106 national parks in India that covers an area of about 1.33% of the geographical area of India.
  • First National Park in India: Jim Corbett National Park (previously known as Hailey National Park), which was established in 1936.
  • By 1970, India only had five national parks.
  • In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger in 1973 to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species.
  • Hemis National Park is commonly known as the largest National Park in India which is located in J&K state.
  • No human activity/ rights is allowed except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state in the national park.
  • Kaziranga in Assam has become 1st national park in India to have been equipped with satellite phones.
  • Raimona Reserve Forest declared as Sixth National Park of Assam.

2. Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • There are 566 existing wildlife sanctuaries in India, covering an area of 122420 km2, which is 3.72% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, Dec. 2020). 

3. Conservation reserves

  • These categories added in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Uninhabited and completely owned by the Government.
  • It covered 0.08% geographical area of India.

4. Community reserves

  • These categories added in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Used for subsistence by communities and community areas because part of the land is privately owned.
  • It covered 0.002% geographical area of India.

Acts related to wildlife

  • Wildlife Protection Act 1972
  • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974
  • Forest Conservation Act 1980
  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981
  • Environment Protection Act 1986
  • Biological Diversity Act 2002
  • Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Rights) Act 2006

Projects related to wildlife

  • Project Tiger 1973
  • Operation Crocodile 1975
  • Project Rhinoceros 1987
  • Project Elephant 1992
  • Project Snow Leopard 2009

List of National Parks in India (State-wise)

Check the state-wise list of important national Parks of India below.


National park


Andhra Pradesh

Sri Venkateswara National Park


Arunachal Pradesh

Mouling National Park



Namdapha National Park

Flying squirrel


Kaziranga National Park

One-Horned Rhinoceros, UNESCO World Heritage Site


Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Feral horse, Golden Langur


Manas National Park

Golden Langur, Red Panda, UNESCO World Heritage Site


Nameri National Park



Orang National Park



Raimona Reserve Forest


Dehing Patkai National Park

in July 2020 Assam government decided to upgrade the Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary into National Park.


Valmiki National Park



Indravati National Park



Kanger Valley National Park



Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park



Mollem National Park



Gir Forest National Park

Asiatic lion


Blackbuck National Park

Black Buck


Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch



Kalesar National Park



Sultanpur National Park


Himachal Pradesh

Pin Valley National Park



Great Himalayan National Park

UNESCO World Heritage Site


Inderkilla National Park



Khirganga National Park



Simbalbara National Park


Jammu & Kashmir

Dachigam National Park

Kashmir stag


Hemis National Park

Largest National Park in India


Kishtwar National Park



Salim Ali National Park



Betla National Park

Forest owlets, Sloth bear, Bison


Dandeli National Park



Nagarhole National Park (Rajiv Gandhi National Park)



Bandipur National Park



Bannerghatta National Park

Sloth Bear


Pambadum Shola National Park



Eravikulam National Park

Nilgiri Tahr (found in western ghats)


Mathikettan Shola National Park



Silent Valley National Park

Lion-tailed macaque (found in western ghats)


Anamudi Shola National Park



Periyar National Park


Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh National Park



Pench National Park



Kanha National Park



Panna National Park


Pench National Park



Sanjay National Park



Satpura National Park



Sanjay Gandhi National Park



Chandoli National Park



Navegaon National Park



Tadoba National Park



Keibul Lamjao National Park

Sangai or Dancing Deers, Only floating park in the world


Sirohi National Park



Balphakram National Park

Red Panda


Nokrek National Park

Red Panda, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve


Murlen National Park



Phawngpui Blue National Park



Ntangki National Park



Similipal National Park



Bhitarkanika National Park

Mangroves, Saltwater crocodile


Keoladeo National Park

UNESCO World Heritage Site


Sariska National Park



Ranthambore National Park



Mukundra Hills (Darrah) National Park



Desert National Park

Great Indian bustard


Khangchendzonga National Park

UNESCO World Heritage Site, Musk Deer

Tamil Nadu

Mudumalai National Park



Mukurthi National Park

Nilgiri tahr


Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park



Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park



Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park



Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park



Bison(Rajbari) National Park



Clouded Leopard National Park



Rajaji National Park



Jim Corbett National Park

First National Park of India. (previously known as Hailey National Park)


Gangotri National Park



Valley of Flowers National Park



Nanda Devi National Park

UNESCO World Heritage Site, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve, Snow Leopard (Himalayan region)

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa National Park


West Bengal

Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary

UNESCO World Heritage Site, Royal Bengal Tigers


Jaldapara National Park

Indian rhinoceros


Buxa National Park



Neora Valley NationalPark



Gorumara National Park


Andaman and Nicobar

Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park



Mount Harriett National Park



Rani Jhansi Marine National Park



Saddle Peak National Park



Campbell Bay National Park


National Parks in India Map


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