Indian Polity: Important Articles of Indian Constitution

By Asha Gupta|Updated : July 26th, 2021

Complete coverage of syllabus is a very important aspect for any competitive examination but before that important subject and their concept must be covered thoroughly. In this article, we are going to discuss the fundamental of Indian Polity: Important Articles of Indian Constitution

Important Articles of Indian Constitution

All the Articles of the Indian Constitution are divided into various parts. The given list of the major parts of the constitution can enable us to understand the broad structure of the articles:

PART I: THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY: Article (1-4)

PART II: CITIZENSHIP: Article (5-11)

PART III: FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS: Article (12-35)

PART IV: DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY: Article (36-51)

PART IVA: FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES: Article (51A)

PART V: THE UNION: Article (52-151)

PART VI: THE STATES: Article (152-237)

PART VII: THE STATES IN PART B OF THE FIRST SCHEDULE: Article (238)

PART VIII: THE UNION TERRITORIES: Article (239-243)

PART IX: PANCHAYATS: Article (243-243zg)

PART IXA: MUNICIPALITIES: Article (243-243ZG)

PART X: THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS: Article (244-244A)

PART XI: RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES: Article (245-263)

PART XII: FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS: Article (264- 300A)

PART XIII: TRADE, COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF INDIA: Article (301-307)

PART XIV: SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES: Article (308-323)

PART XIVA: TRIBUNALS: Article (323A-323B)

PART XV: ELECTIONS: Article (324-329A)

PART XVI: SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES: Article (330-342)

PART XVII: OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Article (343-351)

PART XVIII: EMERGENCY PROVISIONS: Article (352-360)

PART XIX: MISCELLANEOUS: Article (361-367)

PART XX: AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION: Article (368)

PART XXI: TEMPORARY, TRANSITIONAL AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS: Article (369-392)

PART XXII: Short title, Commencement, Authoritative text in Hindi and repeals: Article (393-395)

List of Important Articles:

1. Name and territory of the union.

2. Admission and Establishment of the new state.

3. Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and names of existing states.

5. Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution.

6. Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan.

10. Continuance of rights of citizenship.

11. Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

12. Definition of the state

14. Equality before the law.

15. Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth.

16. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

17. Abolition of the Untouchability.

18. Abolition of titles

19. guarantees to all the citizens the six rights

  1. Right to freedom of speech and expression.
  2. Right to assemble peacefully and without arms.
  3. Right to form associations or unions.
  4. Right to move freely throughout the territory of India.
  5. Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.
  6. Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade, and business.

20. Protection in respect of conviction for offences.

21. Protection of life and personal liberty.

21A. Right to Education

22. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

23. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.

24. Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines who is under age of 14

25. Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.

26. Freedom to manage religious affairs.

27. Freedom as to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion.

28. Freedom from attending religious instruction.

29. Protection of interest of minorities.

30. Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.

32. Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

37. Application of DPSP

39A. Equal justice and free legal aid

40. Organization of village panchayat

41. Right to work, to education, and to public assistance in certain cases

43. Living Wages, etc. for Workers.

44. Uniform civil code. (applicable in Goa only)

45. Provision for free and compulsory education for children.

46. Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes, Schedule Tribe, and OBC.

48. Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry.

49. Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance.

50. Separation of judiciary from the executive.

51. Promotion of international peace and security.

51A. It contains originally 10 fundamental duties, now it contains 11 fundamental duties by 86thamendments Act 2002.

52. The President of India

53. Executive Power of the union.

54. Election of President

61. Procedure for Impeachment of the President.

63. The Vice-president of India.

64. The Vice-President to be ex-officio chairman of the council of States.

66. Election of Vice-president.

72. Pardoning powers of President.

76. Attorney-General for India.

79. Constitution of Parliament

80. Composition of Rajya Sabha.

81. Composition of Lok Sabha.

110. Definition of “Money Bills”.

111. Assent of the President

112. Annual Financial Budget.

124. Establishment of Supreme Court.

 

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Asha GuptaAsha GuptaMember since Mar 2021
Associate Content Developer - AE/JE Non-technical
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AE & JERVUNLUPSSSCSDEPSPCLPPSCSSC JEGPSCTNPSCAAIDFCCILUPRVUNLPSPCLOthersPracticeMock TestCourse
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