ISRO, popularly known as the Indian Space Research Organization, recently launched the Cartosat 2 satellite, a prominent part of the country's most successful Earth Observation Programme, which started in late 1970. This satellite unquestionably changed the landscape of India's space missions and became India's advanced remote sensing satellite.
Also, before the launch of the Cartosat 2 satellite, the most suitable space resolution of the country's Earth observation satellites was 2.5 meters. However, the launch of Cartosat 2 smashed this existing record and set new standards by offering data with a spatial resolution of less than a meter. In this article, we will discuss some key information related to the launch of Cartosat 2 that will help you during your IAS exam preparation.
Cartosat 2 Satellite - Key Facts
- The Cartosat-2 series satellite launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the principal satellite carried by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C34).
- Created, launched, and sustained by the Indian Space Research Organization, the Cartosat 2 satellite weighs approximately 725.5 kg.
- The Cartosat 2 series satellite got launched by the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C34) at 09:26 hrs (IST) 2016 on June 22, 2016, from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, situated in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
- Cartosat 2 satellite maintains a cutting-edge panchromatic (PAN) camera that can capture black and white photographs of our planet earth in the optical part of the electromagnetic range.
- Some pivotal characteristics of the Cartosat satellite - orbit type are Circular Polar Sun Synchronous. In addition, the Cartosat orbit height is 505 km, with an inclination is 97.48 degrees.
- The photographs transmitted by the Cartosat 2 satellite will be valuable for urban, cartographic, rural, seaside ground use, water allocation, and other applications.
- The mission life of the Cartosat 2 satellite is approximately five years.
Technologies Used in Cartosat 2
Some of the latest technologies used in the Cartosat 2 satellite launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) are as follows:
- Two oversized mirrors are situated on-axis single camera.
- Carbon material strengthened plastic-based electro-optic configuration.
- Weightless, large-size mirrors.
- State-of-the-art solid-state recorder.
- Elevated torque response rotations.
- High-performance star detectors.
- Imaging along the passageway or any direction.
Cartosat Satellites launched by ISRO
Since the year 1970, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) launched numerous Cartosat satellites, and they are as follows:
Cartosat – 1
PSLV – C6
Cartosat – 2
PSLV – C7
Cartosat – 2A
PSLV – C9
Cartosat – 2B
PSLV – C15
Cartosat – 2C
PSLV – C34
Cartosat – 2D
PSLV – C37
Cartosat – 2E
PSLV – C38
Cartosat – 2F
PSLV – C40
PSLV – C47
Applications of the Cartosat 2 Satellite
Cartosat 2 satellite, launched by ISRO, comes with state-of-the-art remote sensing technology. In addition, the data and images delivered by Cartosat 2 satellites have different applications that are as follows:
- Cartographic and other mapping applications.
- Rural and Urban infrastructure expansion and administration.
- Used predominantly in the Geographical Information System (GIS).
- Used in LIS (Land Information System).
- Road network monitoring.
- Water allocation.
In addition, the initial image taken by the Cartosat satellite was from the Holkar cricket stadium situated in Indore city.
FAQs on Cartosat 2 Satellite
Q.1. When did the Indian Space Research Organization launch the Cartosat 2 Satellite?
The Cartosat 2 series satellite got launched by the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C34) at 09:26 hrs (IST) 2016 on June 22, 2016, from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, situated in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
Q.2. What is the launch vehicle of the Cartosat 2 satellite?
PSLV – C7 was the launch vehicle of the Cartosat 2 satellite.
Q.3. What are some applications of the Cartosat 2 satellite launched by ISRO?
Some of the applications launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) are as follows:
- Weather mapping.
- Strategic applications.
Q.4. How many Cartosat satellites did the Indian Space Research Organization launch to date apart from Cartosat 2?
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) launched nine Cartosat websites to date in the country.