The GAR Special Report Drought 2021 helps us understand the nature of drought and its impacts on the achievement of the Sendai Framework to bring about changes like Disaster Risk Reduction, the Sustainable Development Goals, and more. The GAR Special Report Drought 2021 was released by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR). The GAR Special Report Drought 2021 has been created to raise more awareness regarding the dangers of drought.
GAR Special Report Drought 2021 - Impacts of Drought
Immensely dry weather or an abnormal lack of water compared with normal conditions creates drought hazards. The GAR Special Report Drought 2021 writes about the impacts of Droughts that are intensifying as the world moves toward an average temperature of 2°C warmer. If these droughts are left unattended, they can ultimately cause desertification and land degradation. Apart from this, it can also increase the flimsiness of ecosystems and social unsteadiness.
The GAR Special Report Drought 2021 says that Groundwater is an important source of freshwater for domestic water supply and agricultural use. Groundwater is used to meet 38% to 50% of irrigation water demand across the world. And it also meets the domestic requirements of one-third to one-half of the world's population. A decrease in the groundwater resources, combined with moderate to severe effects of droughts, can lead to major water and food security risks.
GAR Special Report Drought 2021 - Causes of Drought
A review was written by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). It mentioned that under agriculture about 84% of the economic losses were caused by climate-related events, 42% of which had led to damaged crop production, and 36% of affected livestock production. Among these, 86% of reported losses and damages were because of drought events.
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GAR Special Report Drought 2021 - Systematic Risks
The GAR Special Report Drought 2021 identifies Systematic Risks as interconnected failures in various parts of a system. These failures might lead to trouble in certain events or even to the failure of the entire system.
The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has acknowledged important priorities and policy mixes to target finance and align economic incentives for drought risk reduction.
These include -
- To uplift changes in the behaviour of individuals, corporations, government, or society with, for example, financial incentives to switch to crops that are drought resistant.
- To reimburse losses of affected populations to avoid an increased poverty trap.
- To provide a constant inflow of financial capital that can either enable profitable investments to be made or promote the non-stop functioning of commodity markets, especially in certain economies where credit markets are already facing problems without the added stress of droughts.
GAR Special Report Drought 2021 - Plans and Policies
Here are some of the measures stated in The GAR Special Report Drought 2021 that can be taken for drought risk management -
- During a drought, forecasting and continuous monitoring events are effective in drought risk management.
- Promotion of greater collaboration to increase the quality of various local/national/regional/global observation networks and delivery systems.
- Making the public educated about drought risk and preparedness.
- To create a link between drought management plans and local/national development policies.
FAQs on Gar Special Report Drought 2021
Q1. Why was the GAR Special Report Drought 2021 created?
Gar Special Report Drought 2021 has been created to build awareness about the nature and aspects of drought experienced by people across the world. It provides a new approach to the plan of Drought Risk Management.
Q2. What are the impacts of drought as per the GAR Special Report Drought 2021?
As per the GAR Special Report Drought 2021, If not properly managed, drought is one of the main factors of desertification and land degradation. It also increases the fragility of ecosystems and social instability, mainly in rural areas.
Q3. What are the causes of drought according to the GAR Special Report Drought 2021?
According to the GAR Special Report Drought 2021, Draughts are usually caused due to changes in persistent atmospheric circulation patterns. They are usually connected to slowly varying atmospheric boundary conditions.
Q4. Which sectors are the most affected according to the GAR Special Report Drought 2021?
According to the GAR Special Report Drought 2021, The main sectors affected by drought include Environment, Agriculture, Public water supply, etc.
Q5. Which India case study is mentioned in the GAR Special Report Drought 2021?
The Indian case study mentioned in the GAR Special Report Drought 2021 deals with the Deccan Plateau region of India (about 43% of southern and eastern India).