Gandhi Jayanti [October 2]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 27, 2022, 7:19

Every year 2 October is celebrated as a national holiday to honour and observe the contributions of Mahatma Gandhi. The United Nations General Assembly had declared 2 October as the International Day of Non-violence. The day of Gandhi Jayanti signifies a culture of peace, understanding, tolerance, and non-violence.

Gandhi Jayanti - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

The day 2 October is celebrated to commemorate the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He is also known as the 'Father of the Nation'. Gandhi is known for his dedication, confidence, sense of truth, and duty. He founded the Ahimsa and Satyagraha movements during India's struggle for independence. Gandhi believed in religious pluralism and worked hard to make secular India a reality.

Gandhi was a great leader of India during India's struggle for independence. He travelled around the country to motivate fellow citizens to fight against the injustice of British rule. In Ahmedabad, the capital city of Gujarat, he established an ashram that was open to people of all castes and religions.

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Celebration of Gandhi Jayanti

On the day of Gandhi Jayanti, Gandhi's important contributions to the Independence movement are recalled. Throughout India, his lessons are commemorated through multiple projects. These projects aim to improve our country. The date 2 October is marked with prayer services, various cultural activities, and memorial ceremonies. Since Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday, all government offices remain shut. Gandhi's sculptures are honoured with garlands and flowers.

The following three places hold a lot of importance in the celebration of Gandhi Jayanti:

  1. The Martyr's Column: Mahatma Gandhi was attacked here on 30 January 1948.
  2. The Raj Ghat: Mahatma Gandhi's body was scalded here on 31 January 1948.
  3. The Triveni Sangam: The rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati join together to form the Triveni Sangam.

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Gandhi Jayanti - The Raj Ghat, New Delhi

The Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi is located in Raj Ghat, New Delhi. The President, the Prime Minister, and other officials visit Raj Ghat to pay homage on 2 October. Representatives from different communities and religions participate in the prayer to honour and respect Gandhi.

In 1921, Gandhiji took up the leadership of the National Congress and coined the term Swaraj. Multiple movements were led by him, including the Quit India Movement, Dandi March, and the Civil Disobedience Movement.

These Anshans were done to stop the religious atrocities happening at that time. He was assassinated by a Hindu nationalist named Nathuram Godse. While Gandhi was on his way to a prayer meeting, he was shot with three bullets. Gandhi wanted a Free India, which included freedom from internal conflicts and social taboos. All of this marks the importance of celebrating Gandhi Jayanti.

Inspirational Gandhi Jayanti Quotes

Here are a few inspirational Gandhi Jayanti Quotes

  • "In a gentle way, you can shake the world."
  • "Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever."
  • "The greatness of humanity is not in being human, but in being humane."
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FAQs on Gandhi Jayanti

Q.1. Why is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated?

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, on 2 October 1869.

Q.2. Is Gandhi Jayanti marked as a national festival?

Gandhi Jayanti is marked as a national holiday in India. It is observed as a holiday across all the states and union territories.

Q.3. Why is Sabarmati Ashram marked as an important place for Gandhi Jayanti?

Satyagraha Ashram marked an important place for Gandhi Jayanti was the first ashram built by Mahatma Gandhi. It is located in Ahmedabad, but later it was shifted to the bank of river Sabarmati and named Sabarmati Ashram.

Q.4. What are the popular bhajans sang on the day of Gandhi Jayanti?

Mahatma Gandhi's favourite bhajans included Vaishnava Jan To and Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram. These bhajans are sung on the day of Gandhi Jayanti to celebrate Gandhi's contributions.

Q.5. What are some of the historical movements remembered on Gandhi Jayanti?

Gandhi led Indians to break the salt law through the Dandi March in 1930, which helped Indians believe that they could challenge the might of the British. He also led the Quit India movement in 1942 some of the historical movements remembered on Gandhi Jayanti.