Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 30, 2022, 6:43

In general, the divide between urban and rural communities has lessened in recent years, while it still exists. This conclusion is consistent with both people's intuition and economic theory. With so many farmers commuting to cities in pursuit of work, Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India should theoretically be closing.

Statistical data, on the other hand, shows that the difference has been continuously rising since 1985, with the disposable income disparity between urban and rural people increasing to around 3.33 times after 2003, highlighting the stark discrepancy between theory and numbers.

Some steps are taken to reduce the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India

Policies that stimulate the movement of rural surplus labour to close the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India are beneficial in recent years. The only way to effectively close the income gap between urban and rural areas is to continue to stimulate the relocation of the rural excess labour force.

Minimum Needs Programme - Minimum needs program supports the view that there are some nationally acknowledged social service norms that should be given to all classes of people within a time-bound program. The provision of free or subsidised services through government organisations is anticipated to help those living in poverty consumption levels. This program help's the rural people access some of the services if not all the urban people would have access to at a subsidised rate improving the standard of living of the rural people which would help reduce the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India.

Food For Work Programme - Food grains were given instead of wages when the program began in 1977-78. Currently, the Food for Work Program is a part of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act (MGNREGA), which provides the "right to labour" and ensures a minimum of 100 days of work for the rural poor as a means of securing a livelihood which helps reduce the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India.

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Possible obstacles causing the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India

The major question remains, how might corrective measures be adopted without first determining the true source of the rising wealth gap? A faulty assumption can add to the uncertainty.

While the "green revolution" stressed private land ownership and attempted to properly distribute it to all people, much of the land in rural areas of India remains in the hands of a small group of upper-status people. Large swaths of cultivated land are owned by a small group of wealthy farmers and landowners, resulting in a very unequal distribution of property. To put it another way, the majority of people possess very little property and may be forced to maintain a feudal relationship with wealthy landowners. Because the harvests from their estates rarely bring a profit, those who are not in feudal ties suffer from a low annual income and are frequently in debt.

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In recent years due to all the implemented policies and several other measures, the gap between urban and rural areas isn't widening at the rates observed in recent years but it still exists and steps are still being taken to close this gap (urbanisation).

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FAQs on Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban India

Q1. With regards to the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India, how are areas classified into urban or rural?

With regards to the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India, Many countries employ a minimum population level to establish an urban region, but that size might be as small as 200 people (as in Denmark), 2,000 people (Argentina), 5,000 people (India), 50,000 people (Japan), or even 100,000 people (China). The process varies in different countries.

Q2. What could be done to reduce the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India?

Countermeasures are proposed to close the economic development gap between urban and rural areas, including intensifying reform, achieving free flow of economic resources between urban and rural areas, and developing rural areas through urban development. This could be done to reduce the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India.

Q3. What might be some of the reasons causing the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India?

Diverse demographic groupings, as well as different geographic places, have a digital divide. For example, at almost every income level, those households in rural areas are less likely to own computers or have access to the internet compared to households in urban or central city areas. This would result in them not having access to some important information or performing some simple tasks, which are some of the reasons causing the Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India.

Q4. What is the major cause of the wage Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India?

The major reason for the wage Gap Widening Between Rural And Urban Areas in India is improper land distribution in rural areas where agriculture is undoubtedly the major source of income. This leads to the land being owned by landlords and the workers are forced to work for lower wages.