Timeline of Mughal Empire
1526 – 1530 AD
Founder of Mughal empire after the 1stBattle of Panipat
1530 – 1540 AD
1555 – 1556 AD
He was defeated by Sher Shah
1540 – 1555 AD
Sher Shah defeated Humayun and ruled from 1540-45 AD
2nd Battle of Panipat
Akbar Vs. Hemu
1556 – 1605 AD
Established Din-i-illahi, expanded Mughal empire
1605 – 1627 AD
Captain William Hawkins and Sir Thomas Roe visited the Mughal court
1628 -1658 AD
The pinnacle of Mughal empire and art and architecture
1658 – 1707 AD
Beginning of the decline of Mughal empire
1707 – 1857 AD
Decline and disintegration of the Mughal empire with gaining strength of the British
Now we will see a question based on this topic:
Q. Which of the following factors led to the defeat of Humayun in the hands of Sher Shah Suri?
A. Humayun could not understand the nature of Afghan Power.
B. Local rulers and zamindars considered Mughals foreigners.
C. Both A. and B.
D. Neither A. nor B.
The major causes of Humayun’s repetitive defeats in the hands of Sher Shah Suri were:
His inability to correctly understanding the real power of Afghans. Though there were numerous scattered Afghan tribes in North India, they united under Sher Shah Suri and posed a significant challenge for Humayun.
The local rulers and zamindars considered Mughals foreigners. Mughals weren’t well connected with the locals; thus, they could never win their loyalty.
He even lost confidence in his brothers him due to his repetitive defeats.
All the Best!!
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