5 Minute Learning Series: Timeline of Mughal Empire

By Avinash Kumar|Updated : May 27th, 2021

Hello Students,

In this short 5-minute read article we will cover the complete timeline of the Mughal Empire and important developments that took place during the rules of several Mughal rulers.

All the Best!!

Timeline of Mughal Empire

Mughal Empire

1526 – 1530 AD


Founder of Mughal empire after the 1stBattle of Panipat

1530 – 1540 AD

1555 – 1556 AD


He was defeated by Sher Shah

1540 – 1555 AD

Sur Empire

Sher Shah defeated Humayun and ruled from 1540-45 AD


2nd Battle of Panipat

Akbar Vs. Hemu

1556 – 1605 AD


Established Din-i-illahi, expanded Mughal empire

1605 – 1627 AD


Captain William Hawkins and Sir Thomas Roe visited the Mughal court

1628 -1658 AD


The pinnacle of Mughal empire and art and architecture

1658 – 1707 AD


Beginning of the decline of Mughal empire

1707 – 1857 AD

Later Mughals

Decline and disintegration of the Mughal empire with gaining strength of the British

Now we will see a question based on this topic:

Q. Which of the following factors led to the defeat of Humayun in the hands of Sher Shah Suri?

A. Humayun could not understand the nature of Afghan Power.

B. Local rulers and zamindars considered Mughals foreigners.

C. Both A. and B.

D. Neither A. nor B.

Answer: C


The major causes of Humayun’s repetitive defeats in the hands of Sher Shah Suri were:

 His inability to correctly understanding the real power of Afghans. Though there were numerous scattered Afghan tribes in North India, they united under Sher Shah Suri and posed a significant challenge for Humayun.

 The local rulers and zamindars considered Mughals foreigners. Mughals weren’t well connected with the locals; thus, they could never win their loyalty.

 He even lost confidence in his brothers him due to his repetitive defeats.

All the Best!! 


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