World Wetland Day [2nd February]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Oct 27, 2022, 20:37

World Wetland Day is celebrated on 2nd February each year to celebrate wetlands and advocate for their conservation. This day was first celebrated in 1997 after the Ramsar Convention officiated the day. World Wetlands Day is an attempt to help world leaders realize the significance of these land masses and spread awareness about them.

World Wetland Day was first acknowledged by the Ramsar convention. Now, this day has become a popular global phenomenon. Know more about the history, significance, and theme of this day here.

World Wetland Day 2023

World Wetlands Day is celebrated to spread awareness about wetlands and their importance to the environment. Wetlands are known for being biologically diverse when compared to other landforms and therefore, require conservation. For the preservation of these land masses, spreading public awareness about them is also important. World Wetland Day aims to spread the word about wetlands and the fascinating vegetation that they house.

Event Name

World Wetlands Day

Celebrated On

2nd February

World Wetland Day Theme 2022

Wetlands action for people and nature

Established In


Aim of the Day

To raise awareness about wetland conservation.

What are Wetlands?

Wetlands are areas of land covered with water at least seasonally, providing habitat for a vast diversity of plants and animals. They come in many shapes and sizes - from large lakes to marshes, swamps, rivers, and flooded forests. To spread awareness about these amazing masses of land, World Wetlands Day is celebrated annually by environmentalists around the world.

Importance of Wetlands

In addition to being essential habitats for biodiversity, wetlands also have numerous benefits for humans:

  • Storing carbon and regulating the effects of climate change
  • Filtering pollutants out of waterways
  • Reducing flood risk by holding back water
  • Recharging groundwater supplies
  • Providing food, medicine, and materials
  • Supporting local livelihoods through fishing and tourism
  • Offering opportunities for recreation such as birdwatching or boating.

World Wetlands Day Theme 2023

Each year, a new theme is chosen for Wetland Day. In 2022, the World Wetlands theme was "Wetlands action for people and nature." This theme simply indicated the need to act for the conservation of wetlands, as their preservation directly impacts the environmental quality and human life. No new theme for the upcoming World Wetlands Day has been shared yet. However, it is expected to be announced shortly.

Previous Year's World Wetland Day Theme

Here, we have shared all the previous year's Wetland Day themes:


World Wetlands Day Theme


Wetlands action for people and nature


Wetlands and water


Wetlands and Biodiversity


Wetlands and Climate Change


Wetlands for a Sustainable Urban Future


Wetlands for Disaster Risk Reduction


Wetlands For Our Future: Sustainable Livelihoods


Wetlands For Our Future


Wetlands and Agriculture: Partners for Growth


Wetlands Take Care of Water


Wetland Tourism: A great experience


Forests for water and wetlands


Caring for wetlands – An answer to climate change


Upstream, Downstream: Wetlands connect us all


Healthy Wetlands, Healthy People


Fish for tomorrow?


Livelihoods at Risk


There's Wealth in Wetland Diversity – Don't Lose It


From the mountains to the sea – Wetlands at work for us


No wetlands – no water


Wetlands: Water life and culture


A wetland world – A world to discover


Celebrating our wetlands of international importance


People and wetlands- the vital link


Importance of water to life & role of wetlands in water supply


WWD celebrated for the first time

History of World Wetlands Day

Every year, 2nd February is celebrated as World Wetland Day to raise global awareness about the vital role of wetlands for people and our planet. This occasion marks the date when the Convention on Wetlands was adopted in Ramsar, an Iranian city located on the Caspian sea shore. The Ramsar Convention was held in 1971, but Wetlands Day was officially celebrated for the first time in 1997.

Each year since 1997, government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and groups of citizens at all levels of the community have taken advantage of the opportunity to raise public awareness of wetland values and benefits in general and the Ramsar Convention in particular.

What is the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands?

An intergovernmental treaty, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands provides the framework for taking national action and international cooperation for the conservation and mindful use of wetlands around the world. It also includes using the resources found in the wetlands mindfully, keeping sustainability in mind. Wetlands Day aims to spread awareness about these amazing landforms and the resources they provide us.

Each year, government agencies and non-governmental organizations come together along with citizens to raise public awareness regarding wetlands and the value they bring to the environment and human life. World Wetlands Day is the perfect day to advocate the conservation of global wetlands.

Wetland Day Significance

Wetlands are among the world's most productive environments. They're a valuable resource for nature and people, but they are under threat from climate change, pollution, water extraction, and urban development. Yet if planned and managed sustainably, urban expansion can provide an opportunity to restore and create wetlands that deliver multiple benefits to people and nature.

On World Wetlands Day, here are some of the things that make wetlands so significant for humans and the environment:

  • Wetlands can be found on every continent except Antarctica. They are incredibly diverse and vary widely in size, type, and location.
  • Some wetlands occur naturally, but people have created many more through drainage or filling.
  • The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance now includes 2433 sites covering over 250 million hectares!
  • Wetlands are also called the "kidneys of the landscape" because they filter sediments and pollutants from water.
  • Healthy wetlands act like sponges that absorb floodwaters and slowly release them into streams and rivers.
  • Wetlands help reduce erosion, provide natural water filtration and minimize damage caused by storms.
  • Their preservation is essential for maintaining biodiversity.

Important Current Affairs Topics

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Bank Holidays in NovemberInternational Astronomy Day
World Vegan DayInternational Civil Aviation Day
International Customs DayInternational Dance Day
World Water DayWorld Music Day

FAQs on World Wetland Day

Q1. When is World Wetland Day celebrated?

World Wetland Day is celebrated on 2nd February every year. Wetland Day marks the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands. This is also a day to advocate for the conservation of wetlands around the world.

Q2. What was the theme for World Wetland Day in 2022?

The theme for 2022 was 'Wetlands Action for People and Nature, which highlights the vital link between wetlands, people, and nature. Each year, a new theme is announced for World Wetlands Day.

Q3. When was World Wetland Day celebrated for the first time?

World Wetlands Day was celebrated for the first time in 1997. This day was established during the Ramsar Convention. Wetlands Day is a day when environmentalists and nature enthusiasts from all over the world come together to advocate for the conservation of global wetlands.

Q4. What are Wetlands?

Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems globally. They are biologically rich and provide numerous benefits to humankind, including food production, flood control, water supply, and coastal stability. World Wetlands Day is celebrated annually to raise awareness about wetlands.