World War II is also called the Second World War. It was a conflict that engulfed nearly every nation on the planet from 1939 to 1945.
The Allied forces, the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser degree, China - were pitted against the Axis powers - Germany, Italy, and Japan. It lasted nearly six years and was the world's greatest conflict.
In this article, we will discuss the World War 2 Effects.
Major World War 2 Effects
New Superpowers Emerge as a result of World War 2
Changes in the status of countries and continents occurred as a result of World War II. Britain and France lost their dominance as superpowers to the United States and the Soviet Union.
Decolonisation begins as an Effect of World War 2
- Following the war, Britain and France were presented with a slew of domestic and international issues. They couldn't hang on to their different colonies much longer. As a result, colonialism in Africa and Asia came to an end in the postwar world.
- The United Nations was founded.
- World war 2 also led to the formation of the United Nations Organization. It was one of the second world war's most significant outcomes.
- The United Nations Charter enshrines humanity's ambitions and ideals as a foundation for countries to work together to achieve long-term peace.
- On the other hand, the UN was agreed upon long before World War II ended, underneath the Atlantic Charter.
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Effects of World War 2 on the Cold War
- Following the war's conclusion, a conference at Potsdam, Germany, was conducted to establish peace treaties. Those that fought alongside Hitler lost ground and were forced to pay compensation to the Allies. Germany was divided into four parts, with Berlin as the capital.
- Great Britain, the United States, France, and the Soviet Union were to be in charge of the zones.
- The 3 western Forces and the Soviet Union clashed on many issues. Germany eventually split into two countries: East Germany, which a Communist government ruled, and West Germany, which a democratic government ruled.
- The Cold War was born as a result of this.
Effects of World War 2 on the New Economic Order
- The Bretton Woods Conference during World War II to make financial accommodations for the aftermath of world war ii after Germany and Japan were expected to be defeated.
- It devised a plan for the IBRD (World Bank) to make long-term capital available to countries that were desperately in need of assistance, as well as a plan for the IMF to support short-term payment processing imbalances to stabilise the exchange rates.
- The US dollar was also designated as a global reserve currency.
Effects of World War 2 on India
The British Empire had suffered greatly due to the Effects of World War 2. England had suffered huge losses and was turning to its colonies to assist them in reclaiming their status as a world power. On the other hand, Mahatma Gandhi was organising Indians against the British at the time.
World War 2 prevented Hitler from establishing German colonies outside of Germany's boundaries, foreign exploitation that Britain had been carrying out for centuries. As a result, following the war, people worldwide began to support voices against British colonial occupation.
So when the Labour Party took power in the United Kingdom in 1945, it was committed to internationalism, racial equality, and other liberal ideas.
Prime Minister Clement Attlee (Labour Party) initiated the process of granting India independence in 1947, shortly after taking office. World War 2 was the world's largest conflict, lasting nearly six years. Approximately 100 million individuals had been militarised, with 50 million dead (roughly 3% of the earth's population).
FAQs on World War 2 Effects
Q1. What were the World War 2 Effects on the US dollar?
The World War 2 Effect on the US dollar was that the currency was designated as a world reserve currency.
Q2. What were the major World War 2 Effects on Germany?
The major World War 2 Effect on Germany was that it eventually split into two countries: East Germany, where a Communist government ruled, and West Germany, where a democratic government ruled.
Q3. What were the World War 2 Effects on England?
The British Empire had suffered greatly due to the World War 2 Effects. England had suffered huge losses and was turning to its colonies to assist them in reclaiming their status as a world power.
Q4. How did New Superpowers Emerge as a World War 2 Effects2?
An important World War 2 Effect was that Britain and France lost their dominance as superpowers to the United States and the Soviet Union.