India Draft Arctic Policy

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 19, 2022, 4:52

The Arctic region comprises five littoral Arctic States and three Arctic Nations. The Arctic littoral states include Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Norway, Russia, and the USA (Alaska). At the same time, the Arctic nations include Finland, Sweden, and Iceland. The states and the nations together form the Arctic Council.

India has been engaged with the Arctic since the 1920s when the Svalbard Treaty was signed in Paris. With India's Draft Arctic Policy, the nation is expanding its stake in Arctic research and sustainable development.

India Draft Arctic Policy - Overview

India Draft Arctic Policy titled India and the Arctic: building a partnership for sustainable development to extend scientific research, sustainable tourism, and mineral oil and gas exploration in the Arctic region. This policy draft was open to public feedback on 31st December 2020 to solicit popular opinions.

India Draft Arctic Policy Objective

The India Draft Arctic Policy has been released in response to the rapid transformation of the Arctic region. Therefore, India Draft Arctic Policy to catalyze sustainable development in the Arctic region as a preventive measure.

Impact of India Draft Arctic Policy

Recent research has found that the temperature of the Arctic region is rising at a rate that is three times faster than that of the rest of the world. This change in the Artic temperatures impacts the global shipping routes and the availability of hydrocarbons.

It is noteworthy that these changes will impact the geopolitical and the resource landscape of the world in the coming years. With the India Draft Arctic Policy, India will attempt to increase accessibility to the Arctic region and will ensure that the resources are harnessed sustainably from the region.

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Plan of the India Draft Arctic Policy

India's draft Arctic policy aims at promoting the following agenda -

  1. Improve and enhance India's capabilities and competencies concerning scientific exploration, climate and environmental study, and maritime and economic cooperation in the Arctic region.
  2. Develop institutional and human resource capabilities in government, academia, business, and research.
  3. Achieving inter-ministerial coordination concerning the Arctic explorations.
  4. Understand how the climate change in the Arctic region will impact India's climate, economy, and energy security.
  5. Improve analysis, forecasting, and policy coordination concerning the impacts of Arctic ice melting on India's economic, military, and strategic interests in global shipping routes, energy security, and mineral wealth exploitation.
  6. Studying how polar regions and the Himalayas are related.
  7. Strengthen cooperation and coordination between India and other Arctic countries based on scientific expertise and traditional knowledge.
  8. Strengthen India's position and participation in the Arctic council and gain a comprehensive understanding of the complex governance structures, such as international laws and geopolitics of the Arctic region.

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India Draft Arctic Policy to expand scientific research, sustainable tourism, and hydrocarbon explorations in the Arctic region. The Arctic region is purposely targeted because the changing temperatures of this region are likely to have a profound impact on the climate, economy, and energy security of India.

Therefore, as a preventive measure, India Draft Arctic Policy to understand the scientific reasons for climate change and unwind the sustainable practices to protect the environment and the region.

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FAQs on India Draft Arctic Policy

Q.1. What is the title of the India Draft Arctic Policy?

India Draft Arctic Policy titled India and the Arctic: building a partnership for sustainable development.

Q.2. When was the India Draft Arctic Policy made open to public feedback?

India Draft Arctic Policy was open to public feedback on 31st December 2020.

Q.3. Who are members of the Arctic Council in which India wants to increase participation through its India Draft Arctic Policy?

As per the India Draft Arctic Policy, the Arctic council comprises five Arctic coastal states of Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Norway, Russia, and the USA (Alaska), and the Arctic nations of Finland, Sweden, and Iceland.

Q.4 As per the India Draft Arctic Policy at what rate is the Arctic ice melting?

As per the India Draft Arctic Policy, the temperature of the Arctic region is rising at a rate that is three times faster than that of the rest of the world

Q.5. What is the purpose of India's draft Arctic Policy?

The India Draft Arctic Policy seeks to extend scientific research, sustainable tourism, and mineral oil and gas exploration in the Arctic region.