NSD or National Science Day is celebrated on "28th February" to commemorate the discovery of the 'Raman effect' for which Sir C.V. Raman won the Nobel Prize.
C.V. Raman National Science Day
The National Science Day celebrations include public speaking, science films, science exhibitions, science-related events, and many other activities across India. In addition, the Government of India recognizes and congratulates scientists who have made significant contributions in the field of science.
History of National Science Day
In 1986, the National Council for Science, Technology, and Communications (NCSTC), requested the central government to declare 28th February as the national science day date. This is not only to commemorate Sir C.V. Raman's achievements but also to recognize the achievements in the scientific field by other scientists.
After the first National Science Day on 28th February 1987, the NCSTC announced the creation of the National Science Promotion Award, which recognizes individuals for their contributions to science and communication.
Importance of National Science Day
NSD is celebrated by spreading the importance and improvement of science in the daily lives of the general public. This celebration also has the following goals in mind:
- To recognize and appreciate all scientific activities, efforts, and achievements.
- To promote and nourish interest in science and technology.
- The Department of Science and Technology established the National Awards in 1987 to encourage, stimulate and recognize outstanding efforts of scientists in the dissemination of science and the promotion of scientific disposition.
Themes of National Science Day
Since 1999, National Science Day has been celebrated keeping in mind certain specific themes. They're as follows
- 1999 - Our Changing Earth
- 2000 - Recreating Interest in Basic Science
- 2001 - Information Technology for Science Education
- 2002 - Wealth From Waste
- 2003 - 50 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF: The Blueprint of Life
- 2004 - Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community
- 2005 - Celebrating Physics
- 2006 - Nurture Nature for our Future
- 2007 - More Crop Per Drop
- 2008 - Understanding the Planet Earth
- 2009 - Expanding Horizons of Science
- 2010 - Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development
- 2011 - Chemistry in Daily Life
- 2012 - Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety
- 2013 - Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security
- 2014 - Fostering Scientific Temper and Energy Conservation
- 2015 - Science for Nation Building
- 2016 - Make in India: S&T Driven Innovation
- 2017 - Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons
- 2018 - Science and Technology for Sustainable Future
- 2019 - Science for the People, and the People for Science
- 2020 - Women in Science
- 2021 - Future of STI: Impact on Education Skills and Work
- 2022 - Integrated Approach in Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future
Awards Given on National Science Day
Many National Awards are conferred to prestigious scientists who made a difference in the field and who dedicated uncompromised time and effort in science:
- The National Science Popularization awards
- National S&T Communication Awards
- Augmenting Writing Skills for Articulating Research (AWSAR) Awards
- SERB Women Excellence Awards
- The Rajendra Prabhu Memorial Appreciation Shield
FAQs on National Science Day
When was 28th February declared National Science Day?
The NCSTC requested the Government of India to celebrate 28th February as National Science Day. India accepted and declared National Science Day in 1986. The first National Science Day was celebrated on 28th February 1987.
What was the theme for National Science Day 2022?
Integrated Approach in Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future is the theme for National Science Day 2021.
Who was C.V. Raman, and what is the Raman effect?
Dr. Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman was a well-known scientist and physicist with bachelor's and master's degrees from Presidency College in Madras. In addition to his government activities, he participated in many science contests and received a grant from the Government of India.
While working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata in 1928, he discovered a spectroscopic phenomenon which is now known as the Raman effect. He won the Nobel Prize for this amazing discovery in 1930. This was the first Indian Nobel Prize in the field of science.
The Raman effect is the change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected due to a molecule. When a beam of light passes through a clear, dust-free compound sample, a small portion of the light, with different wavelengths, exits in a different direction than the incident beam. Its existence is the byproduct of the Raman effect.
What is the National Science Day 2019 theme?
Science for the People, and the People for Science is the theme for National Science Day 2019.