Who is known as the Father of Computer?

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 2, 2022, 9:01

It is hard to imagine life without computers. They surround us; they are everywhere, and they make our lives simpler. From banks to government offices, private companies to space research institutes, computers are omnipresent. Have you ever wondered who invented this immensely useful machine or who is considered the father of computers? You are right! It’s the mathematical genius, Charles Babbage.

Important Facts about the Father of Computers

Here is a ready reckoner of the facts you must know about Charles Babbage, who is known as the father of computers.

Full Name

Charles Babbage

Parents’ Name

Benjamin Babbage and Betsy Plumleigh Teape

Birthplace

44 Crosby Row, Walworth Road, London, United Kingdom

Born on

26 December 1791 

Died on 

October 18, 1871 

Education

King Edward VI Grammar School,  Holmwood Academy, Trinity College Cambridge,  Peterhouse Cambridge

Key Accomplishments

Designed the prototype of the Difference Engine and the Analytical Engine

Spouse's  Name

Georgiana Whitmore

A Primer on the Father of Computers

Charles Babbage is known as the father of computers because he was the first to invent the Analytical Engine, which led to the invention of the modern-day computer. 

The Analytical Engine consisted of an Arithmetic Logic Unit or ALU, an integrated memory, and a basic flow control involving branching and loops. The Analytical Engine was a modernised version of the Difference Engine created by Babbage. While the Difference Engine came into existence in the 1820s, the prototype of the Analytical Engine was published in 1837.     

The Difference Engine was a pioneering concept of its time. In fact, sensing the massive impact of the proposed machine, the then British Government approved a fund of 1700 UK Pounds to Babbage for constructing and commissioning the machine. The Difference Engine was to be designed as an automatic mechanical calculator for calculating polynomial functions.  

Although Charles Babbage is known as the father of computers, he could not finish constructing any of his proposed machines primarily due to inadequate funding and clashes with his chief engineer. Since his projects were far ahead of his time, the expenses were far more significant than he or the British Government anticipated. 

In 1941, Konrad Zuse, a German civil engineer and computer scientist, finally designed the world’s first programmable computer. The design of the computer was built on the foundations laid by Charles Babbage. Because of Konrad Zuse’s pioneering role in developing a machine which Charles Babbage could not, he is also considered and hailed as the father of computers. 

Other Notable Pioneers in the Field of Computers

Besides Charles Babbage, Konrad Zuse, Alan Mathison Turing, John Vincent Atanasoff, and Henry Edward Roberts also played instrumental roles in designing the computers we see today. 

Konrad Zuse is known in this field because he created the S2 computing machine, the world’s first process control computer. Alan Mathison Turing pioneered the concept of artificial intelligence (AI) and theoretical computer science. He also formalised the concepts of computation and algorithms using the Turing machine.   

John Vincent Atanasoff invented the world’s first digital computer, also known as the Atanasoff-Berry Computer. Henry Edward Roberts invented the Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) in 1970, which designed the super-popular electronic calculator kit. This electronic calculator kit later led to the invention of the Altair 800 personal computer with the Intel 8080 microprocessor.

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FAQs Related to Father of Computers

  • Who is known as the father of computers?

Charles Babbage is known as the father of computers.

  • Besides Charles Babbage, who is considered the father of computers?

Besides Charles Babbage, Konrad Zuse, Alan Mathison Turing, John Vincent Atanasoff, and Henry Edward Roberts are known as the father of computers. 

  • Who is known as the father of personal computers?

Henry Edward Roberts is known as the father of personal computers.  

Posted by:

Neha DhyaniNeha DhyaniMember since Jul 2017
An IT engineer turned Writer, Neha is a versatile content creator at ‘Gradeup’, who covers news and top stories of the education sector. She has been in the industry since 2015. She is passionate about her work, however, when she isn’t crafting content, she’s probably reading, playing badminton, watching YouTube or just lazing around. Her email address is neha.dhyani@gradeup.co.