Who is Father of Computer? - Charles Babbage invented Computer in Which Year

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Aug 3, 2022, 7:26

Ever curious to know who is the Father of Computer? Charles Babbage was an extraordinarily talented scientist, mathematician, economist, and engineer. In the 21st century, it is hard to imagine life without computers. They surround us; they are everywhere and make our lives simpler.

Computers are omnipresent from banks to government offices, private companies to space research institutes. You will learn amazing facts about the Father of computers on this page. If you have ever wondered who was the Father of Computer and what his contribution was, then here you will understand full details about the mathematical genius "Charles Babbage".

Important Points about the Father of Computer

Here is a ready reckoner of the facts you must know about Charles Babbage, who is known as the Father of the Computer.

Full Name

Charles Babbage.

Parents’ Name

Benjamin Babbage and Betsy Plumleigh Teape.


44 Crosby Row, Walworth Road, London, United Kingdom.

Born on

26 December 1791.

Died on

October 18, 1871.


King Edward VI Grammar School, Holmwood Academy, Trinity College Cambridge, Peterhouse Cambridge

Key Accomplishments

Designed the prototype of the Difference Engine and the Analytical Engine

Spouse's Name

Georgiana Whitmore

Charles Babbage Father of Computer - Published Works

Charles Babbage, who is considered the Father of Computer, has contributed a lot in the field of computers. He was the first scientist to create electronic machines that could actually calculate. Listed are some of the publications of the father of the computer.

Publication name


A Comparative View of the Various Institutions for the Assurance of Lives


Table of Logarithms of the Natural Numbers from 1 to 108,000


Reflections on the Decline of Science in England


On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures


Ninth Bridgewater Treatise


Passages from the Life of a Philosopher


A Primer on the Father of Computers

Charles Babbage is known as the father of the computer because he was the first to invent the Analytical Engine, which led to the invention of the modern-day computer.

  • The Analytical Engine consisted of an Arithmetic Logic Unit or ALU, an integrated memory, and a basic flow control involving branching and loops.
  • The Analytical Engine was a modernized version of the Difference Engine created by Babbage.
  • While the Difference Engine came into existence in the 1820s, the prototype of the Analytical Engine was published in 1837.
  • The Difference Engine was a pioneering concept of its time. In fact, sensing the massive impact of the proposed machine, the then British Government approved a fund of 1700 UK Pounds to Babbage for constructing and commissioning the machine.
  • The Difference Engine was to be designed as an automatic mechanical calculator for calculating polynomial functions.
  • Although Charles Babbage is known as the father of computers, he could not finish constructing any of his proposed machines primarily due to inadequate funding and clashes with his chief engineer.
  • Since his projects were far ahead of his time, the expenses were far more significant than he or the British Government anticipated.
  • In 1941, Konrad Zuse, a German civil engineer and computer scientist, finally designed the world’s first programmable computer.
  • The design of the computer was built on the foundations laid by Charles Babbage.
  • Because of Konrad Zuse’s pioneering role in developing a machine that Charles Babbage could not, he is also considered and hailed as the father of computers.

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Father Of Modern Digital Computer Innovation - Difference Engine No.2

Charles Babbage developed the Difference Engine No.2 to solve equations and print the results using mathematical tables.

  • The Science Museum built the engine and finished the central part in June 1991 for the two-hundredth anniversary of Babbage's birth.
  • Charles, the father of computer, designed the engine to compute a sequence of numerical values and automatically print the results.
  • Difference Engine No 2 was never assembled when he was alive.

Pioneers in Computers Field & Their Contributions

Besides Charles Babbage, Konrad Zuse, Alan Mathison Turing, John Vincent Atanasoff, and Henry Edward Roberts played instrumental roles in designing today's computers.

  • Konrad Zuse is known in this field because he created the S2 computing machine, the world's first process control computer.
  • Alan Mathison Turing pioneered the concept of artificial intelligence (AI) and theoretical computer science.
  • He also formalized the concepts of computation and algorithms using the Turing machine.
  • John Vincent Atanasoff invented the first digital computer, also known as the Atanasoff-Berry Computer.
  • Henry Edward Roberts invented the Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) in 1970, which designed the super-popular electronic calculator kit.
  • This electronic calculator kit later led to the invention of the Altair 800 personal computer with the Intel 8080 microprocessor.

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FAQs on Father of Computers

Q.1) Who is Father Of Computer?

Charles Babbage is known as the father of computers. He is also regarded as the Father of the Modern Computer.

Q.2) Besides Charles Babbage, who is the father of computers?

Besides Charles Babbage, Konrad Zuse, Alan Mathison Turing, John Vincent Atanasoff, and Henry Edward Roberts are the father of computers.

Q.3) Who is known as the father of personal computers?

Henry Edward Roberts is known as the father of personal computers.

Q.4) Who is referred to as the father of Computer Science?

Alan Turing is known as the father of Computer Science. He was highly influential in developing theoretical computer science, formalizing the concepts of algorithms and computation.

Q.5) Why is Charles Babbage known as the father of computers?

Charles Babbage is known to be the father of Computers because he researched machines that could calculate. The first device created was Babbage's Difference Engine Number 1, which calculated and printed mathematical tables.

Q.6) Who is The Father of Personal Computer?

Henry Edward Roberts is The Father of the Personal Computer as he coined the term "personal computer". He is known for releasing the Altair 8800 in 1974. It was after that publicized on the front cover of Popular Electronics in 1975, making it an overnight success.

Q.7) Who is The Father of Computers in India?

Rangaswamy Narasimhan, born on April 17, 1926, was the Father of computers in India. He was a cognitive researcher and very well known for launching TIFRAC-the first Indian indigenous Computer.

Q.8) Who is famous as the Father Of Super Computer?

Seymour Cray is globally known as the Father Of Super Computer. He has contributed to supercomputing as he worked in five different corporate domains from 1951 until his death.

Q.9) Who received the title of "The Father Of Computer Security"?

August Kerckhoffs earned the title of "Father of Computer Security." He was a grammatist and German professor. He wrote an essay in the Journal of Military Science in February 1883. Kerckhoff is known to have established the foundations for modern encryption.

Q.10) Who is the Father of the Indian Super Computer?

Bhatkar Dr. Vijay P Bhatkar is one of India's invented PARAM 8000, the second-fastest Computer in the world at that time. He acquired the father of Indian Super Computer title as he was the first to develop a supercomputer in the 1980s.

Q.11) When was Charles Babbage invented the Computer in which year?

The First Computer was invented by Charles Babbage in the year 1822