Who is Known as the Father of History? [Herodotus]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Aug 3, 2022, 7:40

In the Western world, Herodotus is known as the Father of History. It is because he was the author of the very first authoritative historical text. He earned the title of "Father of History" from the Roman statesman Cicero.

Herodotus's multi-volume account is filled with various informative digressions of the Greco-Persian Wars. Herodotus was sometimes criticized for various outright discussions. On this page, you learn everything about the father of history in India, why Herodotus is called the father of history, the father of modern history, and many more such facts.

About the First Historian

Very little is known about the first father of history, Herodotus. He was from the city of Halicarnassus, now in Turkey, and was previously a part of the Persian Empire. Herodotus traveled a lot, venturing into Egypt and then visiting Athens, and various parts of the middle east, including Syria and Babylon.

He reaches as far as the Danube river and the Black sea. On his travels, he interviewed many locals and collected written accounts. Herodotus was known to be a curious man. So he practiced the simple method of writing down everything he heard from these people.

  • In one of the accounts, he spoke about a headless man that had his eye on his chest in Libya.
  • Herodotus, who was the father of history, also wrote about gold-digging ants in India.
  • Then, whether Herodotus was telling the truth or simply making up stories was unclear.

Father of History - Herodotus Works

Due to a fine line of difference between fact and fiction, Herodotus' writings faced much criticism.

  • However, other historians like Thucydides drew inspiration from historians like Herodotus.
  • Some state that the work of Herodotus was biased, particularly in favor of the non-greeks.
  • Today, scholars tend to have a more balanced view of his writings.
  • Herodotus was known to correct all the inaccuracies found in his writing before sharing it with the world.
  • He had a conflicting account of the events relayed by the Epic poet Homer.
  • The Trojan war was supposedly instigated when Trojans kidnapped Helen, the wife of the Spartan King.
  • But according to Herodotus' writing, Helen was known to be in Egypt the whole time. Herodotus frequently provided diversions into such legends.
  • Herodotus provided lengthy descriptions of military engagements that defined the course of history.
  • Such narratives qualified his work as one of the most valuable historical writings.

The Contributions of the Father of History

Herodotus offered various insights into the civilization of early Egypt, Assyria, Scythia, and Persia.

  • Herodotus, who is known as the father of history, had various oldest works that existed in the world.
  • His work became relevant after 2500 years of his death, as most historians read his accounts to understand Egypt's civilization and culture.

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Herodotus Father of History - Results

Herodotus had his ancestors in unpoetic writing, especially Hecataeus of Miletus, an eminent traveler whom Herodotus mentioned.

  • But these predecessors wrote catalogs of local occasions or encyclopedic travel accounts, none of which created a unity, an organic whole.
  • Herodotus created a work that was an organic whole and became the first Greek to do so among all historians.
  • He remained the leading source of authentic facts for Greek history, western Asia, and Egypt between 550 and 479 BCE.

The Father of History in India

Due to his pioneering work recording various ethnographic observations in India, Megasthenes is considered the father of Indian history.

  • His works are compiled into a volume called 'INDIKA'. In ancient Greek, the word 'INDIKA' represented various things related to India.
  • Megasthenes arrived in India sometime between 302 BCE and 288 BCE. He was the first foreign ambassador to India and was sent by Seleucus.
  • The Hellenistic king sent him to the Mauryan emperor Chandragupta. During that time, he stayed in the state of Patliputra and wrote about then-India.
  • His works detailed the political arrangements that the Indian ruler made and how he unified them under one administration.
  • He also described the people, climate, land, and soil fertility.
  • His original work was somehow lost. He is only mentioned in fragments in Latin and Greek words in the contemporary world.

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FAQs about Father of History

“Herodotus is regarded as the Father Of History” is it true or false?

Herodotus has indeed been called the “father of history.” He remained the top source of original historical information for Greece, Egypt, and western Asia.

Who is The Father of History?

Herodotus is known as the Father of History. He is famous for having written the Histories – an exact chronology of the Greco-Persian Wars. He was the first writer to perform a systematic examination of recorded events.

What did Herodotus write about?

Herodotus, who is the father of history, wrote about the incidents that took place during his time in Egypt and Middle Eastern countries like Babylon, Persia, etc.

Who is known as the Indian Father of History?

Megasthenes is known as the Indian Father of History due to his pioneering work recording ethnographic observations as the first foreign ambassador to India.

Who is The Father of Modern History?

Bishop William Stubbs is known as the Father of Modern History. He was an influential English historian who established the systematic study of English medieval constitutional history. His best work is now maintained in 19 editions of medieval English chronicles.

How to write the father of history in Hindi?

हेरोडोटस को इतिहास का जनक कहा जाता है। हेरोडोटस वह पहले व्यक्ति थे जिन्होंने 'हिस्ट्री' शब्द का आविष्कार किया था, और उन्होंने हिस्ट्री शब्द की परिभाषा दुनिया को बतलाई थी।

Who is The Father of Scientific History?

Thucydides is considered the Father Of Scientific History. He recorded almost 30 years of war and rivalry between Sparta and Athens. His “History of the Peloponnesian War” placed a level for accuracy of the historical genre.

Who is regarded as the Father of Indian Pre History?

Robert Bruce Foote is regarded as the Father Of Indian Pre History. He was a British archaeologist who performed geological surveys of prehistoric places for the Geological Survey of India.

Why is Herodotus entitled The Father of History?

Herodotus got the title of The Father Of History because he was the first chronicler to document the events that happened systematically. He roamed the world for many years, visiting Babylonia, Susa, Egypt, Libya, Syria, Lydia, Susa, and Phrygia to conclude his research.