Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 15, 2022, 8:42

Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI] promotes and fosters cooperation among NHRIs from all regions, including sponsoring global NHRI meetings and serving as an information broker.

Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI] Significance

GANHRI serves as the worldwide voice of NHRIs, contributing to UN global policy creation, facilitating NHRI involvement with the UN system, and coordinating global NHRI partnerships.

History of Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI]

GANHRI is a Swiss legal entity with a Bureau of 16 "A status" NHRIs representing GANHRI's four regions. GANHRI general annual meetings, GANHRI Bureau meetings, GANHRI Sub-Committee on Accreditation meetings, and GANHRI international conferences are all organized in collaboration with UN Human Rights, which serves as the GANHRI secretariat.

Since 1946, National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) have been acknowledged as actors in the promotion and protection of human rights at the international level. The United Nations and some of its affiliated organizations produced a series of reports over the next three decades on the viability of national institutions as tools for human rights protection and promotion.

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Facts About Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI]

The UN International Workshop on National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, held in Paris in 1991, was the culmination of the reports. The workshop resulted in the creation of guiding principles, dubbed the "Paris Principles" by the general public, which were endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993.

When NHRIs met in Tunis for their second international workshop, they resolved to form the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions [GANHRI], formerly known as the International Coordinating Committee of Human Rights Institutions (ICC). Since then, the United Nations General Assembly has passed multiple resolutions for NHRIs to be strengthened.

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Notable information about GANHRI

Today, the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions [GANHRI] brings together over 110 NHRIs from around the world to provide leadership and support in the promotion and protection of human rights.

The name of the organisation was changed from the International Coordinating Committee of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights to the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions during the ICC General Meeting in March 2016.

GANHRI works with Special Procedures, particularly the Special Rapporteurs on Migrants, Housing, Human Rights Defenders, the Right to a Safe Environment, and Internally Displaced Persons' Rights. In addition, GANHRI coordinates and delivers statements on behalf of NHRIs around the world.

The National Human Rights Commission of India, NHRC, has been re-accredited by the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions, GANHRI, for the fourth straight five-year term. It is conferred to those NHRIs that are judged to be completely compliant with the UN-mandated Paris Principles after a thorough evaluation process every five years. The National Human Rights Commission of India was granted 'A' accreditation for the first time in 1999, and it was renewed in 2006 and 2011.

The Paris Principles establish six basic requirements for NHRIs to meet. Mandate and competence, autonomy from the government, independence provided by a statute or constitution, pluralism, enough resources, and proper investigative powers are among them. The GANHRI judged the NHRC, India to be compliant with these criteria and awarded it an 'A' accreditation rating.

To conclude, the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions [GANHRI] is a legal entity that aims at fostering and promoting cooperation among NHRIs. And its importance can not be overlooked. Hope you found this piece informative.

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FAQs on Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI]

Q1. When was the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI] established?

When NHRIs met in Tunis for their second international workshop, they resolved to form the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions [GANHRI], formerly known as the International Coordinating Committee of Human Rights Institutions (ICC) in Tunis, Tunisia on 13 December 1993.

Q2. Keeping the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI] in mind, when was NHRC India awarded with A status accreditation?

Keeping the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI] in mind, The National Human Rights Commission of India was granted 'A' accreditation for the first time in 1999.

Q3. What is the main function of the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI]?

NHRI's engagement with the UN Human Rights Council and Treaty Bodies is facilitated and supported by the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI].

Q4. Who is the current president of the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI]?

Maryam bint Abdullah al-Attiyah is the current president of the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution [GANHRI].