Bandhavgarh National Park - Madhya Pradesh

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 17, 2022, 9:28

Bandhavgarh National Park is one of India's most popular national parks. It is located in the Vindhya Hills of Madhya Pradesh's Umaria district. It was designated as a national park in 1968.

The Bandhavgarh National Park covers an area of 105 square kilometres. The area of Bandhavgarh is rich in biodiversity and is also known for having India's greatest tiger population density.

Features of the Bandhavgarh National Park

The Park was named after the area's most prominent hill, which is claimed to have been entrusted to Lord Rama's brother Laxman to keep an eye on Lanka by Lord Rama (Bandhav means brother, and Garh means fort).

The park is home to a big breeding population of leopards as well as a variety of deer species. Bandhavgarh National Park attracts the largest number of visitors due to its tiger sighting prospects.

It has a diverse range of flora, from towering grasslands to dense Sal forests, making it an ideal habitat for a wide range of animals and birds. Other attractions include Nilgai, Chausingha, Chital, Chinkara, Wild Boar, and, on rare occasions, a Fox or Jackal. According to forest experts, there are over 250 bird species, over 80 butterfly species, and a variety of reptiles.

Structure of the Bandhavgarh National Park

  • Tala, Magdhi, and Khitauli are the three primary zones of the national park.
  • Tala has the most biodiversity, mostly in the form of tigers.
  • The 'centre' of the Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve comprises these three ranges, which have a total area of 716 km2.

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Vegetation in the Bandhavgarh National Park

The vegetation in the Bandhavgarh National Park is diverse, ranging from meadows to heavily wooded hills. The park's forest is part of the tropical wet deciduous belt, which is dominated by Sal (Shorea robusta) and Bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus), which grow in a variety of mixes.

Fruiting trees in the Bandhavgarh National Park include Ambla (Emblica Officinalis), Jamun (Syzygium cuminii), and ficus species, which are all enjoyed by birds and herbivorous Indian animals. Palash, the Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma), the climber (Butea Superba), Kapok (Bombay ceiba), and Amaltas (Cassia fistula) are among the blooming trees.

Mahua (Madhuca Indica) is a common plant, with the blossoms being utilised to produce strong homebrew by local peasants.

Wildlife in the Bandhavgarh National Park

The Bandhavgarh National Park is a dry deciduous and tropical area. It offers beautiful deep forest paths where many vibrant types of wild animals can be seen in their natural habitat. There are around 22 mammalian species and 250 avian species in the region, with common langurs and rhesus macaques dominating the primate group.

The Bandhavgarh National Park is well known as the white tiger area, with a great range of tiger species that have been seen in the erstwhile state of Rewa for many years. Other species can also be found in abundance in the park.

The gaur, or Indian bison, is either extinct or has moved to other parts of India. Sambar and barking deer are typical sightings, while nilgai may be seen in the park's open regions.

The Indian wolf (Canis lupus indica), striped hyena, and caracal have all been reported, with the latter being an open country resident. Although seeing a tiger in the wild is the main attraction in the Bandhavgarh National Park, it also has over 22 animal species, including chital, sambar, chinkara, chowsingha (four-horned antelope), wild hog, leopard, and dhole. Hornbills, orioles, parakeets, peacocks, and eagles are among the more than 275 species of birds that inhabit the area.

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FAQs on Bandhavgarh National Park

Q1. What is the Bandhavgarh National Park known for?

Ans. The Bandhavgarh National Park is known for its rich biodiversity and has India's greatest tiger population density.

Q2. What is the location of Bandhavgarh National Park?

Ans. Bandhavgarh National Park is located amid the Vindhya highlands in Madhya Pradesh's Umaria district.

Q3. In which year was the Bandhavgarh National Park designated as a national park?

Ans. The Bandhavgarh National Park was designated as a national park in 1968.

Q4. How many tigers are there in the Bandhavgarh National Park?

Ans. There are 22 tigers in the Bandhavgarh National Park.