Anamalai Tiger Reserve [ATR]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 22, 2022, 13:24

Wildlife is essential for the environment and humans to offer stability to various courses of nature. Thus, protecting wildlife is also very important for every nation. So, the national park and wildlife sanctuaries are the most effective way to protect animals and wildlife but occasionally can also protect tribal communities and their cultures.

However, the Anamalai Tiger Reserve is one of the most well-known tourist attractions and a fantastic gateway for a wildlife experience. This tiger reserve is blessed with various flora and fauna, pleasant topography, and a healthy climate. So, let's get into the article to learn about this magnificent wildlife reserve.

Anamalai Tiger Reserve - Overview

The marvellous wildlife sanctuary, Anamalai Tiger Reserve, was earlier named Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. It is a pristine reserved area in the Anamalai Hills of Pollachi in Tamil Nadu.

ATR lies South of the Palakkad Gap in southwestern Ghat. Anamalai Tiger Reserve is under consideration by UNESCO. This wildlife sanctuary holds the largest number of diverse flora and fauna and is present in the core area of 958.59 sq. km and a buffer area of 521.28 sq. km between the longitudes of 76° and 77° East and latitude of 10° and 10°North.

This amazing wildlife sanctuary is a favourable destination for tourists. It is dominated by the shola forest, tropical jungle, and grassland rising to 2400m and is home to an alluring endemic reserve park. It is an essential watershed for the agricultural economy and power supply in many regions of Tamil Nadu. Moreover, this sanctuary is the home of many animals, birds, and floral species, making it the most appealing tourist attraction.

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Features of the Anamalai Tiger Reserve

The Anamalai Tiger Reserve has many significant features, which are the following:

  • This amazing wildlife reserve is the home of 315 species of butterflies, 250 bird species, and various animal species, including tigers, leopards, spotted deer, elephants, peacocks, amphibians and lion-tailed macaques, langurs, fishes, and crocodiles.
  • Anamalai Tiger Reserve has substantial anthropological distinctions with more than 4600 tribal people and tribes, including Malasars, Pulaiyars, Kadars, Eravalars, and Mudagars.
  • This wildlife sanctuary is rich in diverse habitat types: semi-evergreen forest, wet evergreen forest, dry deciduous, moist deciduous, shola forest, savanna, marshy grasslands, and dry thorn, and montane grasslands.
  • The primary tourist destination is situated above 300m from the sea level in the northeast corner of the sanctuary at Topslip.
  • The ATR is the home of many florae with more than 2000 plant species. There is a rich diversity of canes, reeds, bamboo, palms, ferns, and about 400 medical plant species.

Anamalai Tiger Reserve - Present Tigers

The Anamalai Tiger Reserve has various fauna species. Still, the most critically protected animal is the tiger, as it is India's national animal, so reserving its species is a foremost duty of everyone.

This wildlife sanctuary comprises the estimated metapopulation of about 42 tigers, with an occupancy area of about 3,253 sq. km.

Apart from the distinctive features of the Anamalai Tiger Reserve, this wildlife sanctuary plays a vital role in protecting various habitats and offers the animals a safe and comfortable spot to survive. Undoubtedly, this wildlife reserve is a remarkable and most alluring tourist attraction.

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FAQs on Anamalai Tiger Reserve

Q.1) What is the Anamalai Tiger Reserve?

Anamalai Tiger Reserve (erstwhile Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park) is a pristine reserved area in the Anamalai Hills of Pollachi in Tamil Nadu.

Q.2) Where is the Anamalai Tiger Reserve located?

Anamalai Tiger Reserve lies South of the Palakkad Gap in the southwestern Ghats.

Q.3) Why is the Anamalai Tiger Reserve special?

The Anamalai Tiger Reserve is a favourable destination for tourists. It is dominated by the shola forest, tropical jungle, and grassland rising to 2400m and is home to an alluring endemic reserve park.

Q.4) Which animals are found in Anamalai Tiger Reserve?

Anamalai Tiger Reserve is the home of 315 species of butterflies, 250 bird species, and various animal species, including tigers, leopards, spotted deer, elephants, peacocks, amphibians, lion-tailed macaques, langurs, fishes, and crocodiles.

Q.5) How many tigers are there in Anamalai Tiger Reserve?

Anamalai Tiger Reserve comprises the estimated metapopulation of about 42 tigers, with an occupancy area of about 3,253 sq. km.