Amar Jawan Jyoti

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 19, 2022, 6:49

Amar Jawan Jyoti is an Indian memorial that was conceptualised post the India-Pakistan war in the year 1971 and established on 26th January the following year, under India Gate.

Amar Jawan Jyoti Meaning

Amar Jawan Jyoti means Immortal Soldier Flame, and it was seen as the national memorial of India till February 2019. After that time, the new National War Memorial was built, and on 21st January 2022, the older flame was merged with the newer flame at the National War Memorial. The designers of this memorial are the Indian Army Corps of Engineers.

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Amar Jawan Jyoti Significance

The Amar Jawan Jyoti consists of a base of 15 sq ft with a height of 4 ft 3 inches. On the base, there's a black marble pedestal that is 3 ft 2 inches in height. The black pedestal has Amar Jawan in Hindi scripted on it with gold on all its four sides. On the top of the black pedestal, there's a reversed rifle that is capped by a war helmet. The setup had 4 urns on it with 4 burners. On regular days one of the 4 burners was stored alive; however, on important days such as Republic Day, all 4 burners were lit. These burners were known as the eternal flame, and it was by no means allowed to be extinguished. The construction period of Amar Jawar Jyoti was short as per Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's wishes.

Later on, a new flame was installed at the National War Memorial to show respect and honour to all the martyrs of the Indian Armed Forces of independent India. The construction of the National Was Memorial was completed in February 2019, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated it on the following 25th February by igniting the flame.

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Amar Jawan Jyoti - History Behind Construction

Established under India Gate in 1972, the Amar Jawan Jyoti was to mark India's victory over Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, which was the reason why Bangladesh was created. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi inaugurated it later on 26th January 1972, after Pakistan faced defeat in the war of 1971 with India.

The flame of the Amar Jawan Jyoti used to be fueled by Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) cylinders from 1971 to 2006. A single LPG cylinder might be capable of providing fuel for one urn for approximately 36 hours. Sanctioned in December 2005, LPG cylinders were replaced with the aid of using Piped Natural Gas (PNG), a more secure and greater reasonably-priced option.

Creation of the Amar Jawan Jyoti

Presently, the Amar Jawan Jyoti is situated in the inner ring, the Amar Chakra (Circle of Immortality), of the National War Memorial.

Ever since the creation of the Amar Jawan Jyoti in 1972, it has been customary for the Prime Minister of India and three service chiefs and dignitaries to place a wreath here on 26th January. The Amar Jawan Jyoti plays a significant role as the whole nation pays homage to the martyred and the soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the liberation war in East Pakistan.

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FAQs on Amar Jawan Jyoti

Q.1) What is the Amar Jawan Jyoti?

Amar Jawan Jyoti is an Indian memorial that was conceptualised post the India Pakistan war in the year 1971 and established on 26th January the following year, under India Gate.

Q.2) What is the meaning of Amar Jawan Jyoti?

Amar Jawan Jyoti means Immortal Soldier Flame, and it was seen as the national memorial of India till February 2019.

Q.3) Where was Amar Jawan Jyoti shifted?

Presently, the Amar Jawan Jyoti is situated in the inner ring, the Amar Chakra (Circle of Immortality), of the National War Memorial.

Q.4) Who reintroduced the Amar Jawan Jyoti?

The construction of the National Was Memorial was completed in February 2019, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated it on the following 25th February by igniting the flame of Amar Jawan Jyoti.

Q.5) What is the significance of Amar Jawan Jyoti?

The Amar Jawan Jyoti plays a significant role as the whole nation pays homage to the martyred and the soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the liberation war in East Pakistan.