World Climate Types: Hot Wet Equatorial climate;Tropical Monsoon Climate for UPPSC Mains

By Nitin Singhal|Updated : February 4th, 2021

Hello aspirants,

This article is about World Climate Types: Hot Wet Equatorial climate; Tropical Monsoon Climate for UPPSC Mains GS Paper I. This article is beneficial for both revision and answer writing.

World climatic types:

The world is divided into different climatic zones depending upon its characteristics, vegetation, flora, fauna and economic activity. Those are as given in the diagram-






Climatic Type: Hot wet equatorial climate

Climate (Temperature & Precipitation):

  • Uniformity of temperature throughout the year.
  • Both diurnal and annual range of temperature is small.
  • Heavy rainfall (60-100 inches) well distributed throughout the year with double rainfall peaks
  • The highest rainfall occurs at the time of equinoxes and least rainfall at the time of summer and winter solstice



  • Between 5-10 degrees north and south of the equator


Vegetation & Wildlife:

  • Tropical rainforest type vegetation
  • ‘Selvas’- Dense rainforest with the dense canopy
  • Evergreen trees e.g. ebony, mahogany, greenheart, cabinet woods and dyewoods.

Major Tribes:

  • Indian tribes of Amazon basin
  • Pygmies of Congo basin
  • Orang Asli of Malaysia


Climatic Type: The Tropical Monsoon Climate

Climate (Temperature & Precipitation):

  • The mean temperature of a month is above 18 degrees Celsius.
  • Summer: 30-45 degrees Celsius, Winter: 15-30 degrees Celsius.
  • Annual mean rainfall- 200-250 cm
  • On-shore wet monsoons in the summer and off-shore dry monsoons in the winter.
  • Presence of distinct seasons- Cool and dry season (October- February), Hot and dry season (March to mid-June), Rainy season (mid-June to September).


  • 5 to 30 degrees north and south of the equator.
  • Tropical Monsoon climate experienced in Indian sub-continent, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, parts of Vietnam, south China and northern Australia.


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