World Climate Types: Hot Wet Equatorial climate;Tropical Monsoon Climate for UPPSC Mains

By Nitin Singhal|Updated : February 4th, 2021

Hello aspirants,

This article is about World Climate Types: Hot Wet Equatorial climate; Tropical Monsoon Climate for UPPSC Mains GS Paper I. This article is beneficial for both revision and answer writing.

World climatic types:

The world is divided into different climatic zones depending upon its characteristics, vegetation, flora, fauna and economic activity. Those are as given in the diagram-

 

 

 

 

 

Climatic Type: Hot wet equatorial climate

Climate (Temperature & Precipitation):

  • Uniformity of temperature throughout the year.
  • Both diurnal and annual range of temperature is small.
  • Heavy rainfall (60-100 inches) well distributed throughout the year with double rainfall peaks
  • The highest rainfall occurs at the time of equinoxes and least rainfall at the time of summer and winter solstice

 

Distribution:

  • Between 5-10 degrees north and south of the equator

 

Vegetation & Wildlife:

  • Tropical rainforest type vegetation
  • ‘Selvas’- Dense rainforest with the dense canopy
  • Evergreen trees e.g. ebony, mahogany, greenheart, cabinet woods and dyewoods.

Major Tribes:

  • Indian tribes of Amazon basin
  • Pygmies of Congo basin
  • Orang Asli of Malaysia

 

Climatic Type: The Tropical Monsoon Climate

Climate (Temperature & Precipitation):

  • The mean temperature of a month is above 18 degrees Celsius.
  • Summer: 30-45 degrees Celsius, Winter: 15-30 degrees Celsius.
  • Annual mean rainfall- 200-250 cm
  • On-shore wet monsoons in the summer and off-shore dry monsoons in the winter.
  • Presence of distinct seasons- Cool and dry season (October- February), Hot and dry season (March to mid-June), Rainy season (mid-June to September).

Distribution:

  • 5 to 30 degrees north and south of the equator.
  • Tropical Monsoon climate experienced in Indian sub-continent, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, parts of Vietnam, south China and northern Australia.

 

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Nitin SinghalNitin SinghalMember since Jul 2020
Nitin Singhal is a mentor and Content Developer with an expertise in UPSC and State PSC exams. He tries to make students’ life easy by guiding them the right path and knowledge to cater to their dream govt. job. I have a notion of 'education for all. He has experience of more than 3 years in this field.
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Nitu Verma

Nitu VermaJul 26, 2021

Sir ya bpsc mains ke liya important ha ya uppsc ke lya please rply

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