"Table Tennis is like an atom. To the ignorant, it is merely microscopic and insignificant in existence, but to the dedicated, it is intricate in design and the building block to everything we know."
- Matt Hetherington
Table Tennis is a fast-paced racket game with one of the shortest playing area. It is one of the most widespread racket sports. Although the modern form of this game originated in England, Asian nations (particularly China) have dominated this game. Chinese players have won 60% of the men's World Championships since 1959. The Chinese players have won 28 of 32 Olympic Gold medals since 1988.
Table Tennis is also known as Ping Pong, Whiff Waff, Parlour Tennis, Indoor Tennis, Pom-Pom, Pim-Pam, Netto, Clip-Clap, Royal Game and Tennis de Salon.
- History of the Game:
- Like many other sports, the modern form of Table Tennis emerged in England, during the last quarter of the 19th century.
- The earliest surviving action game of Tennis on a table is a set made by David Foster, patented in England in 1890: Parlour Table Games, which included table versions of Lawn Tennis, Cricket and Football.
- During the 1880s, Table Tennis developed as an adaptation of lawn tennis to the dining table with improvised equipment.
- The year 1901 saw the establishment of the Table Tennis Association and rival Ping Pong Association in England.
- The game was introduced in China via western settlements & trade missions.
- The standard rule of Table Tennis was developed in 1922.
- The International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) was established at Berlin in 1926, and the first World Championships were held in London, England.
- Hiroji Satoh (Japan) became the first player to win a World Championship when using a racket covered with a thick sponge and became the first non-European winner of the Table Tennis World Championship.
- Table tennis was brought into the Asian Games fold in 1958.
- Table tennis has been an Olympic sport since 1988.
- From 1988 until 2004, the men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles and women's doubles were played. Since 2008, a team event has been played instead of the doubles.
- Jan-Ove Waldner of Sweden was the first player to complete the grand slam (Winning Single's title at Olympic Games, World Championships, and World Cup) at 1992 Olympic Games.
2.1 THE TABLE
- The playing surface (upper surface of the table) shall be rectangular, 2.74m long and 1.525m wide, and shall lie in a horizontal plane 76cm above the floor.
- The playing surface shall not include the vertical sides of the tabletop.
- The playing surface may be of any material and shall yield a uniform bounce of about 23cm when a standard ball is dropped on to it from a height of 30cm.
- The playing surface shall be uniformly dark coloured and matt, but with a white side line, 2cm wide, along each 2.74m edge and a white end line, 2cm wide, along each 1.525m edge.
- The playing surface shall be divided into two equal courts by a vertical net running parallel with the end lines, and shall be continuous over the whole area of each court.
- For doubles, each court shall be divided into 2 equal half-courts by a white centre line, 3mm wide, running parallel with the sidelines; the centre line shall be regarded as part of each right half-court.
2.2 THE NET ASSEMBLY:
- The net assembly shall consist of the net, its suspension and the supporting posts, including the clamps attaching them to the table.
- The net shall be suspended by a cord attached at each end to an upright post 15.25cm high, the outside limits of the post being 15.25cm outside the sideline.
- The top of the net, along its whole length, shall be 15.25cm above the playing surface.
- The bottom of the net, along its whole length, shall be as close as possible to the playing surface and the ends of the net shall be attached to the supporting posts from top to bottom.
2.3 THE BALL
- The spherical ball with a diameter of 40mm and weight of 2.7g.
- The ball shall be made of celluloid or similar plastics material and shall be white or orange, and matt.
- The 40 mm ball was introduced after the end of the 2000 Summer Olympics; previously a 38 mm ball was standard.
2.4 THE RACKET
- The racket may be of any size, shape or weight, but the blade shall be flat and rigid.
- At least 85% of the blade by thickness shall be of natural wood; an adhesive layer within the blade may be reinforced with fibrous material such as carbon fibre, glass fibre or compressed paper, but shall not be thicker than 7.5% of the total thickness or 0.35mm, whichever is the smaller.
- A side of the blade used for striking the ball shall be covered with either ordinary pimpled rubber, with pimples outwards having a total thickness including adhesive of not more than 2.0mm, or sandwich rubber, with pimples inwards or outwards, having a total thickness including adhesive of not more than 4.0mm.
- The blade, any layer within the blade and any layer of covering material or adhesive on a side used for striking the ball shall be continuous and of even thickness.
- Before the start of a match and whenever he or she changes his or her racket during a match a player shall show his or her opponent and the umpire the racket he or she is about to use and shall allow them to examine it.
Different style of gripping the racket Source: Wikipedia
3. Rules of the Game:
3.1 The Order of Play:
- The right to choose the initial order of serving, receiving and ends shall be decided by lot, and the winner may choose to serve or to receive first or to start at a particular end.
- In singles, the server shall first make a service, the receiver shall then make a return and thereafter server and receiver alternately shall each make a return.
Women's Single table tennis match at the Rio 2016 Olympics.
- In doubles, the server shall first do a service; the receiver shall then make a return, the partner of the server shall then make a return, the partner of the receiver shall then make a return, and thereafter each player in turn in that sequence shall make a return.
- A point is scored:
- If an opponent fails to make a correct service and correct return;
- If, after he or she has made a service or a return, the ball touches anything other than the net assembly before being struck by an opponent;
- If the ball, after being struck by an opponent, passes through the net or between the net and the net post or between the net and playing surface;
- If an opponent obstructs the ball;
- If an opponent deliberately strikes the ball more than once in succession;
- If the ball touches any other region except the playing area and
- If the body/cloth of the players touches any part of the playing surface/ net assembly.
- After every 2 points have been scored the receiving player or pair shall become the serving player or pair and so on until the end of the game unless both players or pairs score 10 points or the expedite system is in operation when the sequences of serving and receiving shall be the same, but each player shall serve for only 1 point in turn.
- A game shall be won by the player or pair first scoring 11 points unless both players/pairs score 10 points when the game shall be won by the first player or pair subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points.
4. Terms Associated with Table Tennis:
- Anti-topspin, Backhand, Backspin, Corkspin, Block, Chop, Closed, Dead ball, Doubles, Drive, Drop shot, Expedite rule, Forehand, Inverted, Let Lob, Long pips, Hit, Loop, flip, Match, Medium-long, Open, Penhold, Pips-in, Pips-out Push, Receive, Seemiller, Serve, Set, Shakehand, Short, Sidespin, Skunk, Smash, Kill and Topspin.
5. Governing Bodies:
- The International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF), founded in 1926, is the world governing body of the sport of table tennis with 226 member Associations in the world.
- Headquarters: Lausanne, Switzerland
6. International tournaments:
- World Table Tennis Championships
- Table Tennis World Cup
- ITTF World Tour
- European Championships
- Europe Top-16
- Asian Championships
- Asian Games
7. Famous Trophies:
- Swaythling Cup for Men's Team
- Iran Cup for Men's Doubles
- Bride Vase for Men's Singles
- Corbillon Cup for Women's Team
- J. Pope Trophy for Women's Doubles
- Heydusek Cup for Mixed Doubles
Table Tennis in India:
- Table Tennis has gained popularity in recent years in India as a result of several years of hard work put by various unknown heroes of Table Tennis in India.
- This sport is extensively played in schools, colleges and universities, wherein various competitions (at the inter-state and national level) are held for the same.
- The Table Tennis Federation of India (TTFI) was established in the year 1926. It is a founder member of the ITTF and has been at the forefront in the promotion of the game in India and the world.
- Headquarters: Delhi
- The Indian Men's team consisting of Anthony Amalraj, Harmeet Desai, Sathiyan Gnanasekaran, Sharath Kamal, and Manav Vikash Thakkar won the historic team Bronze medal at 2018 Asian Games.
- The Mixed doubles team of Sharath Kamal and Manika Batra also won the Bronze Medal at 2018 Asian Games.
Ultimate Table Tennis:
- The Ultimate Table Tennis is a professional level table tennis league in India. It was launched in 2017 and contested by six teams.
- Different teams of the league are:
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium
Champions of 2019 season
Dabang Delhi T.T.C
Thyagaraj Sports Complex
Champions of 2018 season
Puneri Paltan T.T.
Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex
RP-SG Mavericks Kolkata
Netaji Indoor Stadium
U Mumba T.T.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Indoor Stadium
- Prominent Indian Players:
- Men: Kamlesh Mehta, Chetan Baboor, Achanta Sharath Kamal, Subhajit Saha, Soumyadip Roy, Anthony Amalraj, Sanil Shetty, Gnansekaran Sathiyan and Harmeet Desai.
- Women: Neha Aggarwal, Manika Batra, Ankita Das, Mouma Das and Poulomi Ghatak
Manika Batra and Achanta Sharath Kamal
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