General Knowledge is very vast and many students do not know from where to start. we are dividing various topics of General Knowledge and providing you with notes so that you can ace these exams. Today we are here with the list of Important International Organizations & headquarters for Defence exams. Go through the detailed study notes for International organizations here.
International Organisations & Headquarters
1. World Bank
Washington D.C. (U.S.A.)
India and World Bank
India was one of the 17 countries, prepared the agenda for the Bretton Woods Conference (June 1944), it is a founding member of WB
The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. It provides a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face.
2. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Washington D.C. (U.S.A.)
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization of 189 countries.
India and IMF
India joined the IMF on December 27, 1945, as one of the IMF's original members.
The IMF's primary purpose is to ensure the stability of the international monetary system—the system of exchange rates and international payments that enables countries (and their citizens) to transact with each other. The Fund's mandate was updated in 2012 to include all macroeconomic and financial sector issues that bear on global stability solutions to the challenges they face.
3. World Trade Organization (WTO)
1 January 1995
The WTO has 164 members and 22 observer governments. Liberia became the 163rd member on 14 July 2016, and Afghanistan became the 164th member on 29 July 2016.
India and WTO
India has been a WTO member since 1 January 1995 and a member of GATT since 8 July 1948.
The WTO provides a forum for negotiating agreements aimed at reducing obstacles to international trade and ensuring a level playing field for all, thus contributing to economic growth and development. their interpretation and application. The current body of trade agreements comprising the WTO consists of 16 different multilateral agreements (to which all WTO members are parties) and two different plurilateral agreements (to which only some WTO members are parties).
4. Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
May 17, 1930
It is an Organization of 60 Central Banks of different countries
RBI is among its members
The mission of the BIS is to serve central banks in their pursuit of monetary and financial stability, to foster international cooperation in those areas and to act as a bank for central banks.
5. World Economic Forum (WEF)
The World Economic Forum provides a platform for the world’s 1,000 leading companies to shape a better future. As a membership organization, the Forum engages businesses in projects and initiatives – online and offline – to address industry, regional and systemic issues.
The World Economic Forum, committed to improving the state of the world, is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation.
The Forum engages the foremost political, business and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.
6. The Asian Development Bank
19 December 1966
Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines
From 31 members at its establishment in 1966, ADB has grown to encompass 67 members—of which 48 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside.
India and ADB
India is a founding member of the ADB and is now the fourth largest shareholder.
The Asian Development Bank aims for an Asia and Pacific free from poverty. Its mission is to help developing member countries reduce poverty and improve the quality of life of their people.
As a multilateral development finance institution, ADB provides:
7. New Development Bank
During the sixth BRICS Summit in Fortaleza (2014), the leaders of BRICS nations signed the Agreement establishing the New Development Bank (NDB).
Bank’s Articles of Agreement specify that all members of the United Nations could be members of the bank, however, the share of the BRICS nations can never be less than 55% of voting power.
At present BRICS nations are the members of NDB
India and NDB
As a member of BRICS, India are one of the founding members of NDB, India has 20% shareholding and 20% of voting rights in NDB.
The Bank will provide technical and financial assistance for projects to be supported by the NDB and engage in information, cultural and personnel exchanges with the purpose of contributing to the achievement of environmental and social sustainability.
8. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
The bank currently has 56-member states while another 24 are prospective members for a total of 80 approved members.
India and AIIB
Fund Shares of countries-
China- 30.34 %
India- 8.52 %
Russia- 6.66 %
Voting shares of countries-
China- 26.06 %
India- 7.5 %
Russia- 5.92 %
AIIB offers sovereign and non-sovereign financing for sound and sustainable projects in energy and power, transportation and telecommunications, rural infrastructure and agriculture development, water supply, and sanitation, environmental protection, and urban development and logistics.
9. European Union
1 November 1993
28 European countries
Treaty of Maastricht established the European Union in 1992. Recently United Kingdom has initiated a process for withdrawing from EU.
10. Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand (Founding members), Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam.
ASEAN promotes Pan-Asianism and intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, military, educational and cultural integration amongst its members and Asian states.
Chairman- Rodrigo Duterte
Secretary-General- Le Luong Minh
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka
The organization promotes the development of economic and regional integration. It launched the South Asian Free Trade Area in 2006.
12. Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)
India and BIMSTEC
Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal
The BIMSTEC states are among the countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal
13. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
15 June 2001
China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, India, and Pakistan
14. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
4th April 1949
NATO is an alliance that consists of 29 independent member countries across North America and Europe.
NATO constitutes a system of collective defense whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party. Three NATO members (the United States, France, and the United Kingdom) are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and are officially nuclear-weapon states.
15. Nuclear Supplier Group(NSG)
India and NSG
India is not a member of NSG
Important facts about NSG
16. International Court of Justice(ICJ)
India and ICJ
India is a member of ICJ
The important fact about ICJ
The Court has a twofold role: to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States (Contentious cases) and to give advisory opinions (Advisory proceedings) on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.
17. The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)
15 May 1992 (as Collective Security Treaty)
6 members and 2 observers
18. International Renewable Energy Agency(IRENA)
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
India and IRENA
India is a member of IRENA
Important facts about IRENA
19. Amnesty International
Important facts about Amnesty International
India and Amnesty
HQ of Amnesty International in India is in Bangalore
20. Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
India and MTCR
Important Facts about MTCR
21. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
India and IAEA
India is a member of IAEA
Important facts about IAEA
22. International Solar Alliance (ISA)
India and ISA
India is a founding member of ISA
Important facts about ISA
23. OPCW (Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons)
The Hague, Netherlands
India and OPCW
India is a permanent member
Important facts about OPCW
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