Defence Current Affairs: Dhanush Howitzer

By Naveen Singh|Updated : April 3rd, 2019

Know complete details about Dhanush Howitzer of the Indian Army. Indian Army has formally inducted it's first indigenously manufactured 155 mm x 45 mm calibre Dhanush artillery guns. Let’s read about this howitzer in detail

Defence Current Affairs: Dhanush Howitzer

The Artillery Corps of the Indian Army has been working towards becoming a ' major combat arm ' rather than a mere ' support arm ' for the infantry or armour regiment.

The Indian Army though has undergone significant upgrades by importing K-9 Vajra T (Self-propelled Howitzer) and M-777 Light Weight Howitzer, the main focus of the has been the induction of the Dhanush Howitzer which has made Indian Army self-reliant.

What is Dhanush Howitzer?

Howitzer is a class of heavy artillery (weapon) that is characterised by a short barrel that can propel projectiles at high trajectories with steep angles.

It is developed by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Kolkata and manufactured by Jabalpur-based Gun Carriage Factory (GCF).

It is popularly known as ‘Desi Bofors’ as it is an upgraded version of 155 mm Bofors howitzer of Sweden which India has imported in the early 1980s.

Why Dhanush was needed?

India needed a gun to replace the older 155mm Indian Field Gun, Light Field Gun and Soviet-made 122 mm guns.

India needed a significant advantage over the Line of Control which would act as a deterrent against Pakistan.


Technical Specification:

Below are the technical details of Dhanush Howitzer:




155 mm


38 Km


-3 to 70 degrees

Crew Required

4 - 6

Rate of Firing

Burst: 3 round in 15 Sec

Sustained: 60 rounds in 60 Min

Advantages of Dhanush:

Dhanush is one of the most accurate artillery guns of the Indian Army. In addition to this, It also outmatches any towed weapon or howitzer in the arsenal of the Pakistan Army.

Due to Automatic Gun Alignment & Position System (AGAPS) which uses enhanced tactical control.

It is also highly flexible as it can use 155mm calibre ammunition of even NATO countries, which means if required, India can make purchases of this ammo from other countries.

It is also better than M-777 howitzer of USA as it offers greater mobility. While M777 can only be lifted by Helicopter.


About Ordnance Factory Board:

Ordnance Factory Board is an organisation functioning under the Ministry of Defence. It is involved in the research, development, production, testing, marketing and logistics of a wide range of products in the fields of air, land and marine systems.    

It is often referred to as India's "Fourth Arm of Defence" or the "Force Behind the Armed Forces."

It's Head Quarter is in Kolkata. 18 March is celebrated as the Ordnance Factory Day in India.


Once induced in large numbers, the Dhanush will add to the Indian Army's power along the LoC.

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