World Hindi Day: History, Importance, Significance

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 1, 2022, 9:08

India commemorates World Hindi Day to raise awareness about its importance as an international language. This day is celebrated to commemorate the World Hindi Conference, which was organized for the first time in 1975, and is held on 10th January every three years.

Vishwa Hindi Diwas, celebrated on 14th September, focuses on instilling a passion for the language in individuals and raising awareness about Hindi as an international language.

Importance of World Hindi Day

World Hindi Day is held in celebration of the inaugural World Hindi Conference, which took place in Nagpur on 10th January 1975. Indira Gandhi, the then-prime minister of India, opened the meeting in Nagpur.

In India, Hindi is unofficially considered the national language, and it is one of the most basic forms of expression in the country. The word "Hindi" is derived from the Persian term Hind, which means "country of the Indus River."

Some people in Trinidad Tobago, Nepal, Suriname, Guyana, Mauritius, and Fiji also speak Hindi. As a result, we have this day to commemorate International Hindi Day or World Hindi Day worldwide.

World Hindi Day and Viswa Hindi Diwas: The Difference

Some individuals mix up World Hindi Day with Viswa Hindi Diwas, which is held on 14th September.

Vishwa Hindi Diwas commemorates the designation of Hindi as the national language of India, whereas World Hindi Day celebrates the inauguration of the World Hindi Conference.

The commemoration of the Hindi Diwas occurs every year, but the World Hindi Conference is held only once every three years.

Essential Facts About Hindi

Before we conclude, let us look at a few intriguing facts about Hindi.

  • Hindi is one of the seven Indian languages used to make web URLs.
  • Hindi is the native language of around 430 million people worldwide.
  • Hindi and Nepalese use the Devanagari script.
  • Several English words are derived from Hindi: chutney, loot, bungalow, guru, jungle, karma, and yoga, to name a few.
  • Apabhramsa, a Sanskrit branch, was the oldest form of Hindi. Around 400 AD, Kalidas composed Vikramorvashiyam in Apabhramsa.
  • These languages have influenced and enriched Hindi: Turkish, Arabic, Persian, English, and Dravidian (ancient South Indian).
  • Hindi is a descendant of Sanskrit, and it retains the original language's terminology and syntax.
  • Prem Sagar was the first published Hindi fiction. The book, which contained Krishna legends, was published by Lalloo Lal.
  • According to the Power Language Index, Hindi will be one of the world's most potent languages by 2050.
  • Each letter in the Hindi alphabet has its own sound. Also, words in Hindi are spoken in the same order as they appear on the page.
  • As a result of the rising demand for Hindi speakers, several governments and agencies worldwide have begun to provide scholarships and other opportunities to those who want to study the language.

On World Hindi Day, various programs are held in many nations worldwide, including India. It's also worth mentioning that in addition to World Hindi Day, 14th September is set aside for celebrating Vishwa Hindi Diwas.

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FAQs on World Hindi Day

Q.1 What is the significance of World Hindi Day?

World Hindi Day is celebrated to honour the language. The goal is to make Hindi more widely accepted. However, this does not imply that people must abandon their native language.

Q.2 How is World Hindi Day celebrated?

On World Hindi Day, most schools and universities around the country encourage students to engage in literary and cultural activities in Hindi, such as poetry competitions, essays, and letter writing contests.

Q.3 What's the difference between Hindi Day and World Hindi Day?

Every year on 14th September, Vishwa Hindi Diwas celebrates the designation of Hindi as the national language of India. Meanwhile, the World Hindi Conference, also known as the Vishva Hindi Sammelan, is held on 10th January, and this day is commemorated as World Hindi Day.