The Border Security Force (BSF) comprises Indian armed personnel dedicated to protecting the sovereignty and integrity along the Indo-Bangladesh and the Indo-Pakistan borders.
India will celebrate the 58th BSF Raising Day (1st December) in 2022. Formed in 1965, the primary role of the BSF lies in securing the borders of India shared with Bangladesh and Pakistan.
BSF Raising Day - History and Significance
From BSF Raising Day, personnel roll across Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, securing the LoC (Indo-Pakistan border) from rogue elements trying to infiltrate along the western borders.
They operate in West Bengal, Meghalaya, Assam, Mizoram, and Tripura along the Indo-Bangladesh border. The jurisdictions of BSF empower them to act within 50-km of the international border in these states.
BSF has an anti-Naxal HQ in Bangalore. It provides oversight to the various battalions dedicated to fighting Naxalites in the red corridor region. The BSF has played an exemplary role in counter-Naxalite and counter-insurgency operations over the last 4-decades. It also tackled counter-insurgency in the Seven Sisters states and played a vital role in eliminating anti-national elements across India.
Since its raising, the contribution of BSF to national security has a rich legacy as the brave recipient of the Mahavir Chakra. During the insurgency in 1990 over Jammu and Kashmir, BSF played a crucial role in limiting it from spreading to the neighbouring states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.
BSF Raising Day Theme
The 57th BSF Raising Day in 2021 began by honouring those who have attained Veer Gati. Besides holding cultural functions, the BSF DIG announced the distinguished gallantry awards for those whose outstanding bravery keeps the nation safe throughout.
Importance of BSF Raising Day
After the Indian army, the BSF alone comprises:
- Independent air wing
- Effective artillery regiment
- Dedicated marine division
- Special intelligence branch
On BSF Raising Day, it's crucial to remember that the future of our border guards lies in modernising the entire force, providing better working conditions, and fortifying border outposts to minimise enemy damage.
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BSF Raising Day Objectives
The responsibilities followed since the BSF Raising Day include:
- Border security
- Curbing illegal smuggling (cows and drugs)
- Checking infiltration
- Imparting peace amongst border folks
- Providing vital HUMINT
- Conducting cross-border raids (common along LoC)
- Responsible for law and order when assigned to electoral roles or security duties anywhere across India.
BSF Raising Day - Hierarchy and Leadership
Classified as a paramilitary organisation, the BSF is on par with Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) and comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). BSF is headed by an IPS officer holding the rank of DG.
BSF is also the sole paramilitary organisation globally to use an active camel cavalry to patrol the sands of the Thar desert, which comprise the common border between India and Pakistan. Besides, they play a crucial role in foiling cross border violations using UAVs.
The Creek Crocodile (QRT made of BSF commandos) were raised before the 44th BSF Raising Day to counter 26/11 like threats. They guard the brackish waters of the Kutch region in Sir Creek to prevent cross-border infiltration.
BSF has a clinical record in multi-role operations, maintaining internal law and order and curbing terrorism. Working 24*7 under hostile conditions, this BSF Raising Day let us salute India's First Line of defence.
FAQs on BSF Raising Day
Q.1. What is the motto of BSF Raising Day?
The BSF Raising Day motto stands for Jivan Paryant Kartavya (meaning duty until life).
Q.2. When is BSF Raising Day celebrated?
BSF Raising Day is celebrated on 1st December every year.
Q.3. Which year of celebration will it be for BSF Raising Day in 2022?
In 2022, as the country celebrates Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, BSF will celebrate the 58th BSF Raising Day parade.
Q.4. What happens on BSF Raising Day?
BSF celebrates the BSF Raising Day parade to mark its commitment to protecting the integrity of India.
Q.5. Who is the current head during BSF Raising Day?
Pankaj Kumar Singh has been the current DG for BSF Raising Day since 1st September 2021. He's an IPS officer from the RR batch of 1988.