Republic Day of India [January 26]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 6, 2022, 13:22

India celebrates January 26th as Republic Day every year which is considered a National Holiday in the country. In 2022, Indians celebrated the 73rd Republic Anniversary of this grand day. India became independent of the British Indian Empire in 1947, but the Constitution of India did not come into force until January 26, 1950, and India became a sovereign state and was declared a republic on the 26th of January, 1950.

Dr BR Ambedkar chaired the Drafting Committee of the Constitution. In addition, the Constitution of India has been celebrated on 26 November each year since the Constitution India was adopted on 26 November 1949.

Republic Day History

The Constitution of India came into effect on January 26, 1950. The Constitutional Council, which was to draft the Indian Constitution, held its first meeting on December 9, 1946. The last legislative session of Parliament ended on November 26, 1949, and a year later the Constitution was adopted.

Republic Day celebrations

Republic Day or the Gantantra Diwas is celebrated with great splendour all over the country. The main attractions are the annual parade that begins at Delhi's Rajpath and ends at the India Gate. On this day, the President of the country raises the flag and gives a Republic Day Speech in New Delhi. The festive event also features an aerial show of India's cultural and social heritage and parades by the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force.

Theme of the Celebration of the 73rd Republic Day Parade

12 states / UTs showed their pride which were Haryana, Chattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Goa, Punjab, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Meghalaya, and Arunachal Pradesh. The President honours the deserving national civilians with Padma Awards to honour their contributions to the country.

Brave soldiers also win Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, and Vir Chakra. The live webcast of the Republic Day parade is also made available annually to millions of people who choose to watch the parade on the internet or television.

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Significance of the Republic Day

Republic Day or Gantantra Diwas observes the undying spirit of an independent India. On this day in 1930, the Indian National Congress promulgated the Purna Swaraj, a declaration of India's independence from colonial rule. This day also commemorates the power of Indian citizens to democratically elect the government.

The country celebrates this day as National Foundation Day of the Constitution of India. Republic Day is a national holiday of India, and in commemoration of the day when the Constitution of India came into effect on January 26, 1950, the 1935 Indian Constitution Law was inherited as a national governing document and the country was renewed.

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The day also celebrates India's transition from an independent federal empire with the British monarch as the nominal ruler of India to a fully sovereign republic within the British Federation with the President of India as the nominal chief.

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FAQs on Republic Day

Q.1. Why is January 26th celebrated as Republic Day?

At a conference held in Lahore on December 19, 1929, the Indian National Congress announced the historic resolution "Purna Swaraj" or full autonomy. The Parliamentary Party declared on January 26, 1930, that Indians would celebrate "Independence Day." On the banks of the Ravi River in Lahore, Parliamentary President Jawaharlal Nehru spread the tricolour flag. Republic Day was popularly called the Poorna Swaraj Day for the next 17 years, that is till the time, India actually got independence. When the Constitution of India was passed on November 26, 1949, many felt it was important to commemorate the document on January 26, a day related to national pride.

Q.2. What are the three common celebrations of Republic Day?

The Republic Day celebration is divided into three parts:

  1. The Republic Day parade
  2. The beating retreat
  3. The awards ceremony

Q.3. What awards are given on Republic Day?

Every year on Republic Day, the President of India bestows Indian civilians with Padma awards. These are the second-highest citizenship honours in India after Bharat Ratna. These honours fall into three categories, in descending order: Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri.

Q.4. What is Republic Day or the Gantantra Diwas Parade all about?

Every January 26th, there is a colourful and spectacular parade that marches from the Presidential Residence – Rashtrapati Bhawan to the Indian Gate along Rajpath and from there to the Red Fort. The approximately 8km parade is designed to celebrate India’s democratic spirit and beliefs in its constitutional values. Whether it's a demonstration of discipline by an Army battalion, the famous Republic Day speech, or a depiction of military aircraft states and stunning formations, India's courage, and glory is vividly celebrated.

Q.5. When is Republic Day celebrated?

Republic Day is celebrated on the 26th of January every year.